When can I use or had

The subjunctive II

Have you ever wished for something that was very unrealistic? Something that is unlikely to come true?
Or have you ever wished you could turn back time? If we want to say something, that does not correspond to reality, let's use the Future.

Wishes

You need the subjunctive II if you have one wish or one dream want to express, which, however, initially does not correspond to reality, i.e. reality.
The same is true when you are another past wishes.
Often such sentences are introduced with the word “if”.

Examples:
Reality:Tim has no money. He can't buy a bike.
Wishful thinking:If Tim had enough money he would buy a bike.

Reality:Mona didn't have enough time and couldn't stay at the party long.
unreal past:If Mona had had enough time, she would have stayed longer at the party.

doubt

You can also use the subjunctive II unrealistic fantasies or Visions of the future express.

Examples:
What if all animals could speak, write and read?


What if all children only had to go to school three months a year?

kapiert.decan do more:

  • interactive exercises
    and tests
  • individual classwork trainer
  • Learning manager

Unreal

The subjunctive II is also used when we use the To doubt the truth of a statement. In such a case, for example, in indirect speech we use the subjunctive II instead of the subjunctive I.

Examples:
Tom says: "Markus, I gave you the money back long ago."
Markus tells his girlfriend: "Tom says he gave me the money back long ago."
(Subjunctive I: Markus believes Tom.)


Markus tells his girlfriend: "Tom says he gave me the money back long ago."
(Subjunctive II: Markus doubts the truth of Tom's statement.)

Polite questions

You can use the subjunctive II to form a polite question instead of an ordinary prompt / question.
This is often done with the verbs have, can, will, may used in the subjunctive II (+ infinitive).
In addition, the politeness is underlined with “please” or “maybe”.

Examples:
Rude request: Give me a pencil
A polite question (Future):
Could you give me a pencil, please? (can + infinitive)
Would you give me a pencil, please? (become + infinitive)

Rude question: Do you have a pencil for me
A polite question (Future):
Could you have a pencil for me? (to have)
May I have a pencil from you?
(may + infinitive)

Ask

You can also use the subjunctive II if you want to politely ask someone for something.
The beginning of sentences such as "It would be nice if ..." or "I would be very happy if ..." are often used.

Examples:
Rude request:
Don't insult me ​​anymore.
Contact me.
Polite request (Future):
It would be very nice if you stopped insulting me in the near future.
I would be very happy if you could contact me.

kapiert.decan do more:

  • interactive exercises
    and tests
  • individual classwork trainer
  • Learning manager