To go viral means to be a virus

viral

viral (German) [edit]

Adjective

Word separation:

vi ral, No increase

Pronunciation:

IPA: [viˈʁaːl]
Audio samples: viral (Info)
Rhymes: -aːl

Meanings:

[1] Medicine: caused by viruses
[2] Medicine: concerning the virus
[3] Internet: Quickly finding widespread use on the Internet, especially through contacts in social media

Examples:

[1] One viral Infection can be treated with antibiotics, but it doesn't help.
The researchers discovered Ebola-specific antibodies and fragments in the serum of three tropical fruit bat species viral Genome in the liver and spleen of animals.[1]
[3] The video of a three-year-old crying over her love for Justin Bieber spread viral out.[2]

Word formations:

[1] antiviral

Translations [edit]

[1, 2] DocCheck Flexikon "viral"
[1, 2] University of Leipzig: Vocabulary portal "Viral"
[1, 3] Duden online "viral"

Swell:

viral

Adjective

Word separation:

vi ral, No increase

Pronunciation:

IPA: [...], No increase
Audio samples: -, No increase

Meanings:

[1] Virology: pertaining to a biological virus or a virus
[2] Medicine: caused by a biological virus
[3] IT: having the nature of a computer virus
[4] Advertising: spread through word of mouth to generate interest

Examples:

[1] "Many bacterial and animal viruses lie dormant in the infected cell, and their DNA may be integrated into the DNA of the host cell chromosome. The integrated viral DNA replicates as the cell genome replicates; after cell division, the integrated viral DNA is duplicated and usually distributed equally to the two cells that result. "[1]
Many bacterial and animal viruses reside dormant in the infected cell, and their DNA can be integrated into the DNA of the host cell chromosome. The integrated viral DNA replicates as the cell genome replicates; after cell division it becomes integrated viral DNA duplicates and is mostly evenly distributed into the resulting two cells.
[2] "EBOV proteins blunt the human immune system's response to viral Infections by interfering with the cells' ability to produce and respond to interferon proteins such as interferon-alpha, interferon-beta, and interferon gamma. "[2]
EBOV proteins weaken the human immune system's defense against viral Infections by affecting the cell's ability to produce and respond to interferon proteins such as alpha interferon, beta interferon, and gamma interferon.
[3] The viral Contamination of this PC occurred because of not activated virus scanner and opening of e-mails coming from unknown senders.
The viral Contamination on this PC came about because the virus scanner was not activated and e-mails with an unknown recipient were opened.
[4] “Pub's free Christmas dinner offer to homeless goes viral [...] The head chef at William IV pub in Islington, North London, has attracted the support of thousands with his charitable festive plan. "[3]
The pub's proposal to offer a free Christmas dinner to the homeless was viral (known very quickly) […] The head chef at William IV Pub in Islington, North London, has received thousands of support with his charitable festival plan.

Characteristic word combinations:

to go viral, viral agent, viral clearance, viral disease, viral envelope, viral enzymes, viral flu, viral genomes, viral hepatitis, viral infection, viral load, viral marketing, viral myocarditis, viral pancreatitis, viral particle, viral protein, viral replication, viral reproduction, viral safety, viral vaccine, viral strain, viral vector, viral wait

Word formations:

Adverbs:virally

Translations [edit]

[1–4] Oxford English Dictionary "viral"
[2–4] Macmillan Dictionary: "viral" (British), "viral" (US-American)
[2–4] Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English: "viral"
[1–4] Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary "viral"
[1–4] Dictionary.com English-English dictionary, thesaurus and encyclopedia “viral”
[1–4] PONS English-German, keyword: "viral"
[1] dict.cc English-German, keyword: "viral"
[1] LEO English-German, keyword: "viral"

Swell:

  1. Robert M. Krug: Viral DNA integration: Lysogeny. In: ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. Britannica, January 13, 2014, archived from the original on January 13, 2014, retrieved on December 18, 2014 (HTML, English).
  2. Ebola virus disease. Wikipedia, December 17, 2014, archived from the original on December 17, 2014, retrieved on December 18, 2014 (HTML, English).
  3. Rosa Silverman: Pub's free Christmas dinner offer to homeless goes viral. The Telegraph, December 18, 2014, archived from the original December 18, 2014, retrieved December 18, 2014 (HTML, English).

viral (French) [edit]

Adjective

Word separation:

vi · ral

Pronunciation:

IPA: [viʁal]
Audio samples: -

Meanings:

[1] Medicine: referring to a virus, belonging to a virus; viral, viral
[2] Medicine: caused by a virus; viral, viral
[3] IT: referring to a computer virus; Virus-
[4] transfer: spreading rapidly on the internet or on social networks; viral

Origin:

since 1950 attested derivation of the nounvirus→ fr;[1] compare the English one attested a little earlierviral→ en[2]

Examples:

[1]

Characteristic word combinations:

[1] particule virale
[2] uninfectionviral, unemaladieviral
[3] uneattaqueviral
[4] unevidéoviral

Translations [edit]

[1] French Wikipedia article "viral"
[1, 2] PONS French-German, keyword: "viral"
[1, 2] Langenscheidt French-German, keyword: "viral"
[1, 2] LEO French-German, keyword: "viral"
[1, 2] Center National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales "viral"
[1, 2] Larousse: Dictionnaires Français "Viral"
[1] Office québécois de la langue française (editor): Le grand dictionnaire terminologique. Keyword “viral”.
[4] Office québécois de la langue française (editor): Le grand dictionnaire terminologique. Keyword “viral”.
[1–4] Paul Robert: Le Nouveau Petit Robert. Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française; texts remanié et amplifié sous la direction de Josette Rey-Debove et Alain Rey. Dictionnaires Le Robert, Paris 2009, ISBN 978-2-84902-386-0 (published by Klett / PONS under ISBN 978-3-12-517608-9), page 2719.
[1, 2] Larousse: Le Petit Larousse illustré en couleurs. Edition Anniversaire de la Semeuse. Larousse, Paris 2010, ISBN 978-2-03-584078-3, page 1070.

Swell:

  1. Paul Robert: Le Nouveau Petit Robert. Dictionnaire alphabétique et analogique de la langue française; texts remanié et amplifié sous la direction de Josette Rey-Debove et Alain Rey. Dictionnaires Le Robert, Paris 2009, ISBN 978-2-84902-386-0 (published by Klett / PONS under ISBN 978-3-12-517608-9), page 2719.
  2. Center National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales "viral"