What is the peaceful solution of Kashmir

politics : Kashmiri crisis: Pakistan pushes for a solution to the conflict

The Pakistani military ruler General Pervez Musharraf called for a solution to the Kashmir conflict at the beginning of his visit to India. Upon arrival in New Delhi on Saturday, Musharraf said the conflict had been a drag on relations between the two countries for over half a century. "For economic prosperity and peaceful coexistence, Pakistan and India need to resolve conflicts," said Musharraf. The will of the people in Kashmir must be taken into account. Fighting broke out again in Kashmir, killing six people.

Musharraf was received with military honors and welcomed by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and President Kocheril Raman Narayanan. Before the summit meeting, which was classified as historic, Musharraf announced that he wanted to solve the Kashmir conflict together with India in accordance with the wishes of the people in the Himalayan region. This will also facilitate the settlement of all other disputes between the neighboring countries. Musharraf laid a wreath at the memorial for independence leader Mahatma Gandhi. In the guest book he wrote that Gandhi's ideals such as non-violence and peace have never been more important than they are today, especially in the light of relations between India and Pakistan.

The last summit between the two states in February 1999 was canceled due to fierce fighting in Kashmir. In October 1999, the then Pakistani chief of staff, Musharraf, launched a coup against the civilian government of Pakistan because it had ordered the army to withdraw from parts of Kashmir under pressure from the West. After Musharraf came to power, Vajpayee had sworn never to speak to the general. According to observers, the 76-year-old Prime Minister wants to crown his political career by easing relations with Islamabad.

There was disagreement over the summit's agenda to the end: India wants to raise a whole range of issues, from trade issues to nuclear weapons. Pakistan insists that the Kashmiri conflict must be dealt with first. India banned live televised images of Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf's reception because of possible harm to national sentiments. The government has apparently decided that "the sight of an Indian chief of staff greeting the Pakistani military ruler is not suitable for public consumption," reported the Hindustan Times newspaper.

Shortly before the summit, violence broke out in Indian Kashmir. A man and a child were killed on Saturday when they came into the line of fire between soldiers and Muslim militias in Kulgud, Kashmir. According to the Indian news agency UNI, four people were shot dead in further incidents.

Now new: We give you 4 weeks of Tagesspiegel Plus! To home page