How do I get tested for STI
The meaning of sexually transmitted infections (STI, for the English term Sexually Transmitted Infections) has been increasing again for several years. Sexually transmitted infections are mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse. Some pathogens (e.g. fungi, chlamydia) can also be transmitted as a smear infection. Likewise, a sexually transmitted infection can be transmitted from the mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. Some sexually transmitted infections can be transmitted through direct blood contact. An infection can be caused by the sharing of syringes - e. B. with injecting drug use - take place.
The Pathogen of sexually transmitted infections are bacteria (e.g. syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia) and viruses (e.g. HIV, hepatitis B, genital warts, genital warts), fungi (e.g. vaginal fungal infection), protozoa (e.g. Trichomoniasis) and arthropods (e.g. pubic lice). It is possible to get multiple sexually transmitted infections at the same time.
As diverse as the pathogens, they can also be as diverse Symptoms a sexually transmitted infection. Signs of illness in the genital organs such as an unpleasant smelling, unusual discharge from the vagina, penis or anus indicate a sexually transmitted infection. But also pain or burning sensation when urinating, itching and changes in the (mucous) skin or abdominal pain and bleeding disorders in women can be symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection. In addition, general symptoms such as Constant fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, and a sore throat indicate a sexually transmitted infection. It is not uncommon for there to be no symptoms at all. Therefore, if you suspect a sexually transmitted infection, you should always consult a doctor.
If treatment is delayed or absent, you can Complications or long-term effects occur in the most varied of forms. This allows the pathogens to spread throughout the body and affect other organs. Have z. B. syphilis pathogens affect the central nervous system, late damage in the form of paralysis can occur. The pathogen causing gonorrhea can, if left untreated, cause inflammation of the joints, eyes and heart, but also permanent infertility. If the pathogen causing gonorrhea is transferred from an infected pregnant woman to the child during birth, the newborn can go blind. Premature births are not uncommon in pregnant women with untreated gonorrhea or Trichomonas infection. Genital chlamydial infection can lead to unwanted sterility, pregnancy complications and infections in the newborn. Extensive genital warts may require a caesarean section. Genital warts pathogens (so-called HPV viruses) can cause malignant tumors, e.g. B. on the uterus or the anal mucosa. A common consequence of hepatitis B is liver inflammation, which in turn can lead to liver failure, liver cirrhosis or malignant liver tumors.
Many sexually transmitted infections can be cured provided that the treatment is carried out early and consistently and the partner is also treated. Other sexually transmitted infections (e.g. HIV) cannot be cured, but their health consequences can often be managed through continuous treatment.
Acute and chronic damage to health caused by a sexually transmitted infection is the safest way to deal with an effective one prevention avoid. The most important protection against infection during sexual intercourse is Condoms to use. This applies not only to vaginal sex but also to oral and anal sex. Injectable transmission can occur through the use of sterile syringe set be prevented. Early detection and treatment of a sexually transmitted infection as part of pregnancy examinations will reduce or prevent mother-to-child transmission. Good personal and general hygiene practices can help prevent smear infections. Against individual pathogens such as hepatitis B and HPV are also available Vaccines to disposal. Vaccinations against HPV are recommended for all young people aged 9-14 years. The basic immunization against hepatitis B usually takes place in the first 14 months of life. If this has not been done, primary immunization is recommended for adolescents aged 9-17 years.
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