How does the climate affect different skin types

Skin type / skin texture

Knowing the individual characteristics of the skin is important in order to be able to select suitable skin care products and, if necessary, an adequate local therapy. Common definitions of skin types are given below. In this context, however, the following should be taken into account:

  • The individual skin type can changee.g. by external (climate, skin care products) and internal factors (medication, hormonal changes), it is not fixed once and for all.
  • Different skin types and skin properties can be present in the same person in different locationse.g. oily skin with irritated, dry skin areas.

Normal skin

Normal skin has a smooth, rosy surface texture with fine pores. There are no shiny, oily or dry, flaky areas. Sebum production, moisture content, cornification and flaking are in balance with one another. Normal skin is often found in young people.

Dry skin

Dry skin lack of fat and moisture in the horny layer, which leads to flaking and tension. It appears dull and rough, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. Dry skin often lacks elasticity and there are more fine lines and wrinkles. If it is more pronounced, itching occurs, and cracks appear on extremely dry skin.
Skin dryness can be genetically determined or triggered by factors such as climate, cosmetics, and medication. Since sebum production decreases with advancing age, it can be a natural consequence of the aging process.

Oily / oily skin

Oily skin has a increased amount of lipids (fats) on their surface, which is caused by overactive sebum glands. It is robust, often large-pored, shiny and prone to blackheads and blemishes. Oily skin is more common in men than women. They are mostly seen in adolescents and younger adults.

Combination skin

Combination skin is dry in some areas and greasy in other areas of the body. On the face, combination skin tends to be dry around the eyes and on the cheeks, while the so-called T-zone (nose, chin, forehead) has an oily sheen. Dry and greasy areas need different care products. This skin type is quite common.

Sensitive skin

"Sensitive skin" is not a skin type, but a Symptom that can be caused by various factors. Patients tend to describe their skin as "sensitive" when it often reacts to the use of skin care products with redness, itching, burning and dryness. The causes for this can be an underlying skin disease, allergies, irritation from skin care ingredients or improper skin care that is not tailored to the skin type. Usually the face is affected.

Mature skin

With increasing age, the sebum production decreases, which often leads to increased dryness of the skin, an accentuation of fine lines and wrinkles and flaking. The skin can appear dull, itchy or burn. In women, hormonal changes during menopause lead to various changes. After menopause, the skin becomes thinner and can be more sensitive to sun exposure and climatic changes. Another problem is hyperpigmentation (age spots, etc.), especially in people who have been exposed to the sun for many years.
It should be emphasized that The above skin changes do not occur in everyone over 40. Therefore, people of the same age group may need different care products depending on their skin type.