Is Ireland a bad EU citizen?
Living and Working in Ireland
With its natural diversity and medieval cities, the green island not only attracts numerous tourists every year, but also many people who decide to live in Ireland for a long time. The emerging economy, as well as the demand for foreign and especially German workers, make Ireland a popular destination for people of all professions. However, before you start your journey to Ireland, you should familiarize yourself with the entry requirements and the peculiarities of the country, so that you can get off to an optimal start in a foreign country!
Arrive in Ireland
Since Ireland is part of the EU, EU citizens do not need a visa and can enter the country with a passport or ID card. A work permit is not required. The freedom of movement within the EU means that German citizens can take up work in Ireland at any time.
There is no registration office in Ireland and therefore no registration requirement as in Germany. As a German citizen you can settle in Ireland without having to register with an authority. However, if you want to stay in the country for more than 3 months, you must meet one of the following points:
- start a job or become self-employed
- have sufficient financial resources and health insurance
- pursue a degree or apprenticeship
It is also sufficient if a family member fulfills one of the points.
Important identification numbers
At the latest when you have found a job, you should Personal Public Service Apply for number. The PPS is your personal reference number and is used, among other things. used for applications to authorities, employers, social security and also when you get your driver's license in Ireland.
You can apply for the PPS at the Social Welfare Office responsible for your region. You can book an appointment online for this. You should bring your passport or ID with you to the appointment and proof of your Irish address. This can be B. be an invoice from an official authority (water or electricity bill), lease, employment contract or a confirmation from your landlord.
Since Ireland also uses the euro as its currency, you will get along relatively easily with your German bank account in the first few weeks. However, when you start a job, you should open an Irish bank account. The best way to do this is in a local bank branch. Opening an account is pretty easy. You need your identity card or passport and, as with the PPS number, proof of address. You can find a comparison of different banks at the Irish Competition and Consumer Protection Commission. There you will also find more detailed information on how to open an account.
Ireland has a public health system that resident EU citizens can use in the same way as Irish citizens. This gives you access to social security, health insurance, maternity benefits and state pension schemes.
The costs for a doctor's visit are higher than in Germany and have to be borne by yourself. The waiting times for appointments and treatments are often long. This is not the only reason why almost half of the population opts for additional private health insurance. Many companies offer their employees private health insurance or at least a grant for it.
People with a low income can apply for a medical card and receive certain services free of charge.
Taxes / Salary
The Irish tax system is not that simple. As soon as you sign an employment contract, you should apply for a PPS and submit it to the employer. It is also important to apply for a certificate of tax credits (income tax allowance). You can get the form for this either from your employer or from the tax office. After processing one receives a Tax Credit Certificate. This is important to determine the level of income tax. This depends on income and marital status.
|20% on amounts up to:||40 %|
|single||33 800 €||overlying|
|Married / life partner|
|42 800 €||overlying|
|Married / life partner|
|up to € 67,600|
(Increase limited to the amount of the second income)
|Single parents / widowers with children||37 800 €||overlying|
In addition to income tax, social security and USC (Universal Social Charge) charges are also deducted from the salary.
Working in Ireland
The unemployment rate in Ireland is around 6% below the European average. Because of the low taxes for companies, Ireland is a location for many well-known companies, such as Apple, Google, Facebook and IBM. Dublin is one of the largest tech hubs in Europe and offers many jobs, especially in the IT sector. But qualified personnel is not only sought there, the pharmaceutical and tourism industries also offer many opportunities, including for foreign specialists. Since Germany is one of the largest economic forces, the German market is very attractive for international companies. Many of the companies based in Ireland are also represented in the German market. This means that the need for German-speaking staff is high. That is why Ireland offers good career opportunities for Germans. In addition to IT jobs, there are many sales and customer service positions for German-speaking applicants.
Irish is still the first national language according to the constitution, but only about one percent of the population uses Irish on a daily basis. Around 30 percent of the Irish can speak Irish. The Irish language is only available in certain professions, e.g. B. for teachers, a requirement. English is the second official language and is spoken by almost every Irishman.
Good English skills are often a prerequisite for being hired, especially in professional life. Even in everyday life it is not possible to get ahead without good English. At first it is normal that you have to get used to the Irish pronunciation.
The minimum wage is € 9.25 per hour and will be increased to € 9.55 in 2018. Weekly working hours may not exceed 48 hours on average. That means you can work more than 48 hours a week, but you have to compensate for this in other weeks. For most occupational groups, the average is calculated over a period of 4 months. For certain groups, 6 or 12 months apply. When you start in a company, the employer can request a trial period of a maximum of 12 months. Permanent employees are entitled to 4 weeks of paid vacation per year and an additional 9 paid public holidays. The notice period depends on how long you have been employed by the company.
|13 weeks to 2 years||1 week|
|2 to 5 years||2 weeks|
|5 to 10 years||4 weeks|
|10 to 15 years||6 weeks|
|over 15 years||8 weeks|
The most important thing for an Irish application is your résumé. This should be one or two pages long. Even if you are applying for a German-speaking position, it is advisable to submit your documents in English. If possible, certificates and other documents should also be translated. If you are unsure how to translate certain degrees, the NARIC database provides an overview of the corresponding Irish degrees. You can find tips on how to write your résumé in English in our CV Guide.
As in most other countries, rents in Ireland's major cities are very expensive. Especially in Dublin you have to expect very high prices. It is common there for people in their early 30s and a permanent job to live in a shared apartment. So you have time to find a suitable place to stay and can save a little money.
The more central you look, the more difficult it will be to find an apartment. You'll likely find it faster if you're looking for something outside of the city. Even if this will likely give you a longer commute to work, you can get a cheaper apartment there than in the city center.
In Ireland it is common for apartments to be rented out furnished. But you shouldn't expect the latest equipment. In general, the standard of living in Ireland is lower than in Germany. The rent deposit is usually one month's rent. If you rent an apartment, your landlord is not allowed to change the rental price for the next 2 years. If the price changes after that, your landlord must inform you 90 days before the price change. After that, the rent remains the same for 2 years.
An alternative to renting can be buying. However, the process of buying a home in Ireland is complex and it is advisable to have an experienced lawyer on hand.
Cost of living
Not only the rental costs, but also other living costs are more expensive in Ireland than in Germany. Of course, it always depends on the region in which you plan to live.
|1 liter of milk|
1.5 liters of water
Potatoes 1 kg
Monthly ticket for public transport
Rent (1-room apartment)
As in Great Britain, there is left-hand traffic in Ireland. If you are new to the country, you should be particularly careful in traffic. The driving license obtained in Germany is valid in Ireland, including the older pink or gray driving licenses. If you want, you can exchange your German driver's license for an Irish one in Ireland. You can do this at the Irish Driving Licensing Authority.
If you want to take your car with you to Ireland, you should do your research beforehand. Importing a car is expensive and bureaucratic. In addition, a German car is not necessarily suitable for left-hand traffic.
Germans in Ireland
People of many different nationalities live in Ireland. Germans are also very common on the island. The labor market in particular attracts many Germans. As a welcome worker, many also find permanent employment there. Many people are also attracted to the breathtaking nature and therefore decide to relocate to the island. If you want to find out more and are sociable, finding a German community shouldn't be a problem. In the workplace in particular, there are often enough opportunities to get in touch with like-minded people or locals. There are also online groups for Germans who either already live in Ireland or are planning to emigrate there. B. the Facebook group "Emigrating to Ireland".
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