How are agglutinative languages ​​like Malayalam tokenized

Language Council: Theory and Experiment


1 38th Annual Conference of the German Society for Linguistics Linguistic Council: Theory and Experiment February 2016 University of Konstanz

2 Cover / poster: WWA graphic University of Konstanz Universitätsstrasse Konstanz Tel .: Printing: Hartmanndruck & Medien GmbH Obere Gießwiesen Hilzingen Tel .: Fax .: Typesetting: This conference volume was set with XƎL A TEX in the fonts Linux Libertine and Sans PT. 19th January 2016

3 Greetings from the organizers Dear Sir or Madam, Dear Colleagues, We are very pleased to welcome you to the 38th Annual Conference of the German Society for Linguistics at the University of Konstanz. After 1999, the annual conference takes place in Konstanz for the second time. 2016 is a special year for Constance for at least two reasons. Our university is turning 50 and the Council of Constance is celebrating its 600th anniversary. At that time, Konstanz was chosen to organize the largest congress of the Middle Ages, among other things because there were enough hostels and the food was not too expensive. These reasons probably played a smaller role in choosing Konstanz for the DGfS annual conference than the fact that the university has a milestone birthday. We are pleased that we can celebrate the anniversary year by hosting the DGfS annual conference with our guests from home and abroad. We have deliberately chosen the general topic of the conference against this background: Sprakonzil: eorie und Experiment We understand the council as a place of gathering and a common goal-oriented exchange, the language council as a place for the exchange on linguistic topics. Of course, theory and experiment should not be understood as opposites. For us, theoretically informed experimental work and experimentally supported theory building are central components of a well-founded linguistic analysis of language. With this approach, our department of linguistics (in cooperation with the department of computer science and informationi

4 Wissenschaft) successfully applied for a research group estions at the Interface (FOR 2111, spokesperson: Miriam Butt), which will start on April 1, 2016. After a phase of upheaval and constructive reorientation, we have succeeded in getting funding for interesting collaborative research again. We are all looking forward to it and we would like to share this good news with you at this point. We wish you all an interesting conference, a stimulating scientific exchange and a pleasant and successful stay in Constance. Sincerely, Nicole Dehé & Janet Grijzenhout ii

5 Organization Leading / Knowledge a li e Management Nicole Dehé & Janet Grijzenhout Organizationalis e Management Anna Ney, Event Management, University of Konstanz Organization team Tina Bögel, Miriam Butt, Simon Dold, Regine Eckardt, Constantin Freitag, Annette Hautli-Janisz, Katharina Kaiser, Georg Kaiser , Achim Kleinmann, Svenja Kornher, Tanja Kupisch, Alexandra Rehn, Janina Reinhardt, Maribel Romero, Jana Schlegel, Gloria Sigwarth, Sebastian Sulger, Andreas Trotske, Yvonne Viesel, Carmen Widera, Daniela Wochner & Irene Wolke. iii

6 Acknowledgments The organizers would like to thank the following sponsors: Dr. August and Annelies Karst Foundation (stifte-und-foerdern / dr-august-und-annelies-karst-stiftung) Universitätsgesellschaft Konstanz e.v. (Association of alumni of the University of Konstanz (Walter de Gruyter Foundation (AThEME (BRILL (De Gruyter Mouton (DUDEN Bibliographisches Institut GmbH (Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co.KG (Frank & Timme GmbH Verlag ür scientific literature) (Franz Steiner Verlag (Helmut Buske Verlag GmbH (ibidem-verlag (IUDICIUM Verlag GmbH (JB Metzler sche Verlagsbuchhandlung and CE Poeschel Verlag GmbH Stuttgart Weimar (John Benjamin Publishing Company db (LINCOM GmbH (iv

7 Missing Link (Narr Francke Attempto Verlag GmbH + Co.KG (Oxford University Press (Peter Lang GmbH (Stauffenburg Verlag Brigitte Narr GmbH Tübingen / Julius Groos Verlag Tübingen (Universitätsverlag Winter GmbH (utb GmbH (Verlag CH Beck ohg (Waxmann Verlag GmbH ( Status at the time of going to press. The DGfS teacher training initiative would like to thank the Department for Gender Equality and Family Promotion and the Binational School of Education, University of Konstanz. The conference proceedings team would like to thank Fabian Heck and Matthias Schrinner, who sent us the LA TEX code of the DGfS conference volume 2015. The code of this volume will of course, in good open source tradition, be passed on to all interested parties

8 DGfS_2016_booklet 2016/1/19 13:53 page vi # 8 Dr. August and Annelies Karst Foundation vi

9 Contents Greetings from the organizers i I. Information 1 Information about the conference 3 How to get there 9 Site plan and room overview 13 Eating and drinking 19 II. Program overview and AG programs 33 Program overview 35 AG programs 37 III. Plenary lectures 61 IV. Working groups and abstracts 67 Working group 1 Verb second in grammar and processing: its causes and its consequences 69 vii

10 Table of contents Working group 2 The syntax of argument structure: empirical advancements and theoretical relevance 103 Working group 3 Agentivity and event structure: Theoretical and experimental approaches 125 Working group 4 Sentence complexity at the boundary of grammatical theory and processing: A special challenge for language acquisition 149 Working group 5 The grammatical realization of polarity: Theoretical and experimental approaches 177 Working group 6 Computational Pragmatics 201 Working group 7 Sign language agreement revisited: New theoretical and experimental perspectives 217 Working group 8 Gradience in the field of tension between empirical methods and grammatical theory 247 Working group 9 Written and spoken language as modalities of a language system 269 ​​Working group 10 Morphological effects on word order from a typological and a diachronic perspective 291 viii

11 Table of contents Working group 11 Indefinites between theory and language change 311 Working group 12 Presuppositions in language acquisition 331 Working group 13 Adjective order: Theory and experiment 341 V. Section program 361 Poster session of the computational linguistics section 363 Tutorial of the computational linguistics section 391 Doctoral forum 393 Information day of the DGfS teacher training initiative 397 Conference of the Linguistic Pragmatics Working Group 405 VI. Appendix 409 Notes 411 General overview of the working group meetings 417 Directory of persons 421 ix


13 Part I. Information 1


15 Information about the conference Organizer Department of Linguistics, University of Konstanz German Society for Linguistics (DGfS) Scientific Director Prof. Dr. Nicole Dehé, Department of Linguistics Prof. Dr. Janet Grijzenhout, Department of Linguistics, Organizational Management Anna Ney, Event Management Homepage Conference location University of Konstanz Universitätsstraße Konstanz Conference office: Registration and info point Participants are registered in the conference office from. There you will receive your participation documents and all important information about the conference. The conference office is manned throughout the conference and serves as the central point of contact for all questions. Here you will also find the lost property office and a contact person for emergencies (first aid). On the 23rd and 3rd

16 For information on the conference, the conference office is located in the foyer on level A5 (main entrance). From then on, the conference office is located in the center of the foyer, near the trade exhibition and the catering. Opening times of the conference office / cloakroom Tuesday,, 8:30 a.m. 10:30 a.m., 2:30 p.m. 7:00 p.m. Wednesday,, 8:00 a.m. 7:00 p.m. Thursday,, 8:30 a.m. 7:00 p.m. Friday,, 8:30 a.m. 15: 00:00 Telephone If you have any urgent questions, you can contact the conference office during the above times under the following telephone number: (+49) Internet use at the University of Konstanz W-LAN To log into the conference WIFI, click on the conference radio network on your device and Enter the following user name and password in the login mask: User name: Annual conference DGFS password: dgfs2016 For university members, access via Eduroam is offered as an alternative (further information under Please note that there is generally no W-LAN reception in the cafeteria. Copy and print - Canon print center If you want to print out documents on site at short notice, you can get a copy card for the Canon print center (next to the main entrance) at the conference office

17 Information on the First Aid Conference At the info point you will always find a contact person for emergencies. In addition, the conference staff can call for help at any time. Cloakroom During the conference it is possible to use a cloakroom service. To do this, please contact the conference office. Catering During the conference, various refreshments (coffee, cold drinks and snacks) will be offered during the breaks on level A5. In the cafeteria on level K6 you can get various lunch dishes every day from 11:15 a.m. to 1:45 p.m. (self-paying). An information sheet for orientation in the cafeteria is enclosed with your conference documents, which you will receive when you register on the first day of the conference. Additional offers: Snack and beverage machines (level K4) Campus Café (level A5) seezeit café in the library (level B4) Asia Bistro Arche (level K4) Accessibility The conference rooms are barrier-free. Registration 5

18 Information on the conference Conference fees Registration up to DGfS members with income 50 DGfS members without income 35 non-members with income 70 non-members without income 40 Registration from DGfS members with income 55 DGfS members without income 40 non-members with income 75 Non-members without income 45 Bank details Universitätskasse Konstanz BW-Bank Konstanz: Account no .: BLZ: ​​IBAN: DE BIC: SOLADEST Reference: First name Last name DGfS 2016 Supporting program Warming-up, Tuesday, from 7:00 p.m. in the Brauhaus restaurant ( Self-pay) Champagne reception, Wednesday, 7:00 p.m. City Hall of the City of Konstanz (free of charge) Social evening on Thursday, 7:00 p.m. in the Konstanz Council (38) 6

19 Information about the conference Hotel reservation We have reserved room contingents in hotels through the Tourist Information Konstanz. You can find it under: ATM In the entrance area of ​​the university, next to the Campus Café, there is an ATM of the Sparkasse. Mobile network Due to the proximity to Switzerland, it can happen that a Swiss network operator is selected with automatic network selection, which can result in higher costs. This can be avoided by deactivating the automatic network selection and manually selecting the network operator. Exhibition Please also visit the exhibition of the publishers in the foyer on A5! Contact Organizational Management Anna Ney University of Konstanz Communication and Marketing Event Management Universitätsstraße Konstanz Phone: +49 (0)

20 Albrecht Schöne The letter writer Goethe 539 p., Numerous. Fig. Ln. 29.95 ISBN Brilliantly clear and sometimes breathtaking to read. Hubert Spiegel, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung How lucky to have this Albrecht Schöne. Gustav Seibt, Süddeutsche Zeitung C.H.BECK

21 Arrival Arrival in Konstanz By train Destination train station: Konstanz train station In cooperation with Deutsche Bahn, the University of Konstanz is offering you an exclusive offer for convenient travel to and from the 2016 University of Konstanz events. So travel time quickly becomes your time for you. Simply use your return trip to work, read or relax. Whatever you choose, you will definitely travel with the event ticket in long-distance Deutsche Bahn transport using 100% green electricity. The price for your event ticket for the nationwide round trip is as follows: Fully flexible with a train connection, 2nd class 99, 2nd class 139, 1st class 159, 1st class 199, You can find the link to book your DB event ticket on the conference website at : By car From Stuttgart (180 km) A 81 towards Singen. From the Hegau cross, Konstanz is signposted. In Konstanz follow the signs to the university. 9

22 Getting there From Munich (220 km) A 96 in the direction of Lindau. At the Sigmarszell exit, take the B 31 towards Friedrichshafen - Meersburg. From Meersburg by car to Konstanz. In Konstanz follow the signs to the university. From Zurich (75 km) A1 motorway towards St. Gallen, at the Winterthur-Ost junction onto the A7 towards Kreuzlingen / Konstanz. After crossing the border, you should first orientate yourself towards Mainau. Follow the signs to the university. By plane Closest airports Zurich Airport (ZRH) Bodensee-Airport Friedrichshafen (FDH) By train from Zurich Airport There are trains to Konstanz every half hour. Travel time 1:06 (without changing), 1:15 (1 change) Monday to Friday: between 5.15 a.m. and Saturday: between 5.47 a.m. and 0.57 a.m. Sunday: between 5.47 a.m. and a.m. Your individual route planning with the Swiss Federal Railways: By public transport from Lake Constance -Airport By train (IRE) via Radolfzell (1 change). By train to Friedrichshafen, Hafenbahnhof and then by catamaran to Konstanz Hafen (1 change). For your individual arrival from Lake Constance Airport: 10

23 How to get to the university How to get to the university You can easily reach the University of Konstanz by bus. In addition to the regular buses, we also offer free shuttle buses during peak times. Visitors who stay longer than one night in Konstanz pay 2 visitor's tax per person and night and receive the Bodensee guest pass, which includes a voucher for free use of the public bus. If necessary, please ask at your hotel. Further information on the Lake Constance guest pass is available at: You do not need a ticket to travel with the shuttle buses. A city, location and bus route map is enclosed with your conference documents, which you will receive when you register on the first day of the conference. Bus line 9 (A and B) Monday to Friday: every 15 minutes from the center directly to the main entrance of the university. B. at the station Bahnhof Sternenplatz Zähringerplatz. Get off at the terminus Universität (main entrance). Fahrplaene_2016 / Linie_9ABx.pdf Lines 4/13 and 13/4 Monday to Friday: from 6:00 a.m. (train station) every 30 minutes (between 3:30 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. every 15 minutes) The lines 4/13 (city towards the university) and 13/4 (university towards the city) connect the university with Mainau and the districts of Litzelstetten, Dingelsdorf, Oberdorf, Wallhausen and Dettingen or Staad towards the city center. Get off at the Egg / Universität stop (walk to the main entrance: approx. 10 minutes). Fahrplaene_2016 / Linie_4_13_13_4x.pdf 11

24 Arrival By taxi Dornheim Telephone: +49 (0) Müller Telephone: +49 (0) Seeteufel Telephone: +49 (0) By car Parking In Konstanz, follow the signs to the university. We recommend parking in the south car park (see map). The way to the conference location is signposted from there. The parking fee is 1.30 euros per day. These can either be paid in cash (money must be inserted appropriately) or via SMS. To pay by SMS, simply send your license plate number to the abbreviated dialing number. Your day ticket is paid for when you receive the confirmation SMS. 12th

25 Site plan and room overview The conference will take place on the campus of the University of Konstanz. At the university, the buildings are named with letters. The following number indicates the level. The last two digits indicate the room number. The plenary lectures take place in the Audimax. The Audimax (A600 = building A, level 6, room 00) is located in the main building A of the university. The working groups meet in seminar rooms in buildings D, E, G and F. The cafeteria is located in building K, level 6. The routes to the conference rooms are signposted. 13th

26 Site plan and room overview General plan University of Konstanz 14

27 Overview plan Foyer A5 Overview plan Foyer A5 The following overview plan shows a section of level 5 of the main building A and the foyer of the University of Konstanz. The two main entrances to the university are on this level. The plenary lectures will take place in building A. In addition, the registration, the conference office, the catering, the publishing exhibition and the poster exhibition CL are located here. 15th

28 Site plan and room overview Room overview 23 February 2016 Conference office A5 foyer Working group Linguistic pragmatics G 201 CL tutorial G 227 Doctoral forum F 425 Teacher training initiative C 230, 421, 422, 423, 424, February 2016 Plenary lectures Working group 1 Working group 2 Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng (Leiden Universiteit) Louise McNally (Universitat Pompeu Fabra) David Poeppel (New York University) Höskuldur Þráinsson (Háskóli Íslands) Verb second in grammar and processing: Its causes and its consequences The syntax of argument structure: Empirical advancements and theoretical relevance A600 (Audimax ) G 309 G

29 Working group 3 Working group 4 Working group 5 Agentivity and event structure: Theoretical and experimental approaches Sentence complexity at the boundary of grammatical theory and processing: A special challenge for language acquisition The grammatical realization of polarity: Theoretical and experimental approaches Raumansicht F 426 G 530 F 425 Working group 6 Computational pragmatics F 420 Working group 7 Working group 8 Working group 9 Working group 10 Working group 11 Working group 12 Sign language agreement revisited: New theoretical and experimental perspectives Gradience in the field of tension between empirical methods and grammatical theory Written and spoken language as modalities of a language system Morphological effects on word order from a typological and a diachronic perspective Indefinites between theory and language change Presuppositions in language acquisition D 406 E 404 E 403 G 308 G 201 E.

30 Site plan and room overview Working group 13 Adjective order: Theory and experiment E 402 Registration A5 foyer under the gallery Conference office A5 foyer coffee breaks A5 foyer luggage storage A5 foyer publishing exhibition A5 foyer DGfS general meeting A 701 poster session CL A5 foyer CL general meeting F.

31 Eating and drinking The following overview is a selection of restaurants, pubs, cafes, wine taverns and bars in Constance. All of them are in the city center or close to the center. Prices given refer to main courses. Regional & international cuisine Name & address Location Price Barbarossa Obermarkt 8-12, Konstanz Restauration Bodan Bar Restaurant Grill Bodanstr. 4, Konstanz Brasserie Ignaz Bahnhofplatz 5, Konstanz Brauhaus Johann Albrecht Konradigasse 2, Konstanz Brigantinus Reichenaustr. 15, Konstanz center center center center center Am Seerhein

32 Eating and drinking Name & address Location Price Chez Léon Zollernstraße 1, Konstanz Constanzer Wirtshaus Spanierstr. 3, Konstanz Center Am Seerhein DELI Bodanstrasse 1-3, Konstanz Center / Lago Shopping Center Dischinger Untere Laube 49, Konstanz DOM Brückengasse 1, Konstanz Dominikanerstube in the Steigenberger Inselhotel Auf der Insel 1, Konstanz Elefanten Salmannsweilergasse 32-34, Konstanz Essbar Bahnhofstr. 15, Konstanz center from 14 center 8.20-30 center center from 7.70 center 20

33 Eating and drinking Name & address Location Price Eugens Bio Cafe-Restaurant Münzgasse 1, Konstanz Goldener Sternen Bodanplatz 1, Konstanz Hafenhalle Hafenstr. 10, Constance Harbor Master's Office Hafenstrasse 8, Constance Hollys Reichenaustr. 19, Konstanz Hotel Halm and Maurischer Saal Bahnhofplatz 6, Konstanz Konstanzer Bürgerstuben Bahnhofplatz 7, Konstanz Konzil-Gaststätten Hafenstr. 2, Konstanz Krone Restaurant Cafe Brotlaube 2, Konstanz Center 8.50-24 Center Center / Harbor 8.50-26 Center / Harbor 6-25 Am Seerhein Center Center 8-18 Center 9.50-27 Center

34 Eating and drinking Name & address Location Price Umami Sigismundstr. 12, Konstanz Münsterhof Münsterplatz 3, Konstanz Rosie s Pavillon am See Stadtgarten, Konstanz Roter Gugelhan Salmannsweilergasse 12, Konstanz Steg 4 Hafenstr. 8, Konstanz Center Center 8.30-23 Center / Am See Center 7-17 Center / Harbor 6-26 Storikenescht Döbelestr. 3, Konstanz center / district Paradies 6-22 Suppengrün Sigismundstr. 19, Konstanz Tolle Knolle Bodanplatz 9, Konstanz center from 4.20 center

35 Eating and drinking Name & address Location Price TURM Hussenstr. 66, Konstanz VIDA Store Konstanz Bistrot-Café Neugasse 20, Konstanz Wessenberg Café and Restaurant Wessenbergstr. 41, Konstanz Zeitlos St.-Stephansplatz 25, Konstanz Zur Wendelgard Inselgasse 5, Konstanz Zum Pfannkuchen Hüetlinstr. 39, Konstanz Center from 8.50 Center Center 9-23 Center Center / District Niederburg Center / Swiss border Fine dining Name & Address Location Price Friedrichs Reichenaustr. 17, Konstanz Am Seerhein

36 Eating and drinking Name & address Location Price Papageno Hüetlinstraße 8a, Konstanz San Martino Bruderturmgasse 3, Konstanz Seerestaurant in the Steigenberger Inselhotel Auf der Insel 1, Konstanz Center / Swiss border from 30 Center from 26 Center from 28 Asian Name & address Location Price Bangkok Brauneggerstr . 47, Konstanz Bo Dai Tei Stadelhofgasse 1, Konstanz China Restaurant Marktstätte. 30, Constance Hanoi Wallgutstr. 3, Konstanz center / 5 20 district Paradies Zentrum 3 25 Zentrum Zentrum / district Paradies 24

37 Food and drink Name & address Location Price Karma Sigismundstr. 14, Konstanz Maharani Konradigasse 1, Konstanz Mandarin Bodanplatz 4, Konstanz Mayura Am Fischmarkt 1, Konstanz Ratsstube Kanzleistraße Konstanz Sitara Paradiesstraße 7, Konstanz The Rambagh Palace Brückengasse 1, Konstanz Center Center Center 8 15 Center 5 20 Center 3 8 Center 6 20 Center 25

38 Eating and drinking Greek / Turkish Name & address Location Price Akropolis Obere Laube 55, Konstanz Delphi Brauneggerstr. 46, Konstanz Eumel Hüetlinstraße 23, Konstanz Radieschen Hohenhausgasse 1, Konstanz Sedir Hofhalde 11, Konstanz Stephans Keller St. Stephansplatz 41, Konstanz Taverna Pan Salmannsweilergasse 13, Konstanz Para- center / district this center / Swiss border Para- center / district this center 6 13 center 6 11 center 6 15 center

39 Italian Food and drink Name & address Location Price Vinothek + Osteria Cantina Rabaja Kreuzlingerstr. 7, Konstanz Casablanca Marktstätte 15, Konstanz Don Alfredo Hofhalde 7, Konstanz Il Boccone Bodanstr, Konstanz L Anima Konzilstrasse 3, Konstanz La Grotta Untere Laube 33, Konstanz La Paesana Trattoria-Pizzeria Hussenstrasse 44, Konstanz La Piazza Ristorante-Pizzeria Marktstätte 2, Konstanz L Italiano Bruderturmgasse 2, Konstanz Center Center 7 28 Center 9 27 Center Center Center / District Paradies Center 8 20 Center 8 25 Center 27

40 Eating and drinking Name & address Location Price Löhlinbad Untere Laube 9, Konstanz Pastis Hohenhausgasse 14, Konstanz Rigg s Burger Restaurant Bodanstraße 23, Konstanz Pinocchio Untere Laube 47, Konstanz center / district paradise center center 8 16 center / district paradise Spanish / Mexican name & Address Location Price Costa del Sol St. Johanngasse 9, Konstanz La Bodega Tapasbar Schreibergasse 40, Konstanz Latinos Am Fischmarkt, Konstanz Center Center Center 28

41 Steakhaus Eating and Drinking Name & Address Location Price Hexenküche Steakhaus Bodanstr. 30, Konstanz Zentrum 9 32 Cafés Name & Address Location Price Pano Konstanz Marktstätte 6, Konstanz Rosgarten Café Rosgartenstr. 9, Konstanz Zentrum Zentrum Stadtkind Konstanz Braunegger Str. 31, Konstanz The Voglhaus Café Wessenbergstr. 8, Konstanz Para center / district dies center 29

42 Eating and drinking Weinstuben Name & address Weinstube Bürgertröpfle Hüetlinstr. 13, Konstanz Weinkeller Franz Fritz Niederburg Niederburggasse 7, Konstanz Weinstube Hintertürle Konradigasse 3, Konstanz Weinstube Küfer Fritz Zum Pfohl Salmannsweilergasse 7-11, Konstanz Weinstube Niederburg Niederburggasse 7, Konstanz Weinstube Weinglöckle Inselgasse 13, Konstanz Weinstube Weinteufele Konradigasse Weinteufele Weinstube Konradigasse, Konstanz Weinstube Weinstube Zum Guten Hirten Zollernstr. 6-8, Konstanz Location center / Swiss border center / district Niederburg center / district Niederburg center center / district Niederburg center / district Niederburg center / district Niederburg center / district Niederburg center 30

43 Name & Address Location Eating and Drinking Wine and Beer Bar Zum Salzbüchsle Salmannsweilergasse 26, Konstanz Center Weinstube Zur Steinernen Kugel Hohenhausgasse 8, Konstanz Center Bars and Pubs Bar 107 Paradiesstr. 5, Konstanz Center Bar Café Pfiff Konzilstr. 1, Konstanz center Casba Obere Laube 55, Konstanz the cocktail bar St. Johanngasse 4, Konstanz DOM Konstanz Brückengasse 1, Konstanz Globetrotter Cocktailbar Hüetlinstraße 14, Konstanz Heimat Bar Schreibergasse 2, Konstanz center / district Paradies center / district Niederburg center / district Niederburg center / Swiss border center / Niederburg district 31

44 Eating and drinking K9 Hieronymusgasse 3, Constance Klimperkasten Bodanstraße 40, Constance Logans Pub Zogelmannstr. 2, Constance Old Mary s Pub Kreuzlingerstr. 19, Konstanz Shamrock Bahnhofstraße 4, Konstanz center center center center / Swiss border center 32

45 Part II. Program overview and AG programs 33


47 Program overview Program Tuesday,: 45 6:00 p.m. Conference of the Working Group on Linguistic Pragmatics (ALP) G: 00 5:00 p.m. Computational Linguistics Tutorial G 227 9: Doctoral Forum F: 00 6:45 p.m. Plenary Teacher Training Initiative: C 230 Workshops: C 421, C 422, C 423, C 424, C 427 from 7:00 p.m. Warming-up in the Brauhaus, Konradigasse 2, Konstanz Wednesday,: 00:00 a.m. Registration Foyer (A5) 9:00 a.m. 11:30 a.m. Welcome, plenary lecture: Lisa Cheng (Leiden University) , Awarding of the Wilhelm von Humboldt Prize A 600 (Audimax) 11:30 a.m. Coffee break in the foyer (A5) 12:00 1:00 p.m. Plenary lecture: Louise McNally (Pompeu Fabra University) 1:00 p.m. 2:00 p.m. General meeting of the Computational Linguistics Section A 600 (Audimax) F.

48 Program overview Program 2:00 p.m. 4:00 p.m. Working group meetings in buildings D, E, F, G 4:00 p.m. Coffee break in the foyer (A5) 4:30 p.m. 6:30 p.m. Working group meetings in buildings D, E, F, G from 7:00 p.m. Kanzleistraße 13/15 Thursday,: 00 11:00 Working group meetings in buildings C, D, E, F, G 11:00 Coffee break in the foyer (A5) 11:30 am 13:00 Working group meetings in buildings D, E, F, G 13:00 14: 30 Poster Session Computational Linguistics Section and Lunch Break Foyer (A5) 2.30 p.m. 6.30 p.m. Members' Meeting of DGfS A 701 from 7 p.m. Social evening at the Konstanz Council, Hafenstrasse 2, Konstanz Friday,: 00.00 a.m. Höskuldur Þráinsson (University of Iceland) A 600 (Audimax) 11:00 Coffee break Foyer (A5) 11:30 14:00 Working group meetings Building D, E, F, G 36

49 AG Program Programm AG 1 Verb second in grammar and processing: Its causes and its consequences Oliver Bott, Constantin Freitag & Fabian Schlotterbeck Room: G 309 Wednesday,: 00 14:30 Oliver Bott, Constantin Freitag & Fabian Schlotterbeck Introduction 14:30 15 : 00 Heike Wiese, Eva Wittenberg & Oliver Bunk Variations on V2: e information-structural dynamics of the le periphery in German 15:00 16:00 Sten Vikner e derivation of V2 in Germanic main and embedded clauses 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17:30 Jan Casalicchio & Federica Cognola Relaxed V2 languages ​​and their Le Periphery. Two cases from Northern Italy 17:30 18:30 Bettelou Los & Ans van Kemenade V2 in the history of English: why did it arise, why was it lost, and what difference did it make? 37

50 AG Programs Thursday, program 9:00 10:00 Markus Bader e role of V2 in sentence comprehension and sentence production 10:00 10:30 Peter de Swart and Geertje van Bergen Effects of verbal information in the V2-position during parsing: What eye movements reveal about prediction (and integration) 10:30 11:00 Bettina Braun and Eva Smolka Finally stop / listen (Now stop / listen)! e Lexical Representation and Semantic Activation of German Particle Verbs 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12:00 Isaac Gould Modeling Verb Placement Errors in Swiss German Children s L1 Acquisition 12:00 12:30 Emanuela Sanfelici, Corinna Trabandt & Petra Schulz On the nature of integrated V2 relative clauses 12:30 13:00 Sophie Repp Semantic restrictions in verb-second vs. non-verb-second wh-exclamatives Friday,: 30 12:00 Kajsa Djärv, Caroline Heycock & Hannah Rohde Embedded V2, Factivity and Main Point of U erance 12:00 12:30 Rebecca Woods A Different Perspective on Embedded V2: Unifying Embedded Root Phenomena 38


52 AG Programs Program 6:00 p.m. 6:30 p.m. Dmitry Ganenkov Relativization in two morphologically ergative languages: a corpus study Thursday,: 00 10:00 a.m. Isabel Oltra-Massuet, V. Sharpe, K. Neophytou & Alec Marantz Syntactic priming as a test of argument structure: A self-paced reading experiment 10:00 11:00 Linnaea Stockall, Christina Manouilidou, Laura Gwilliams & Alec Marantz Un / Re-packing argument and event structure restrictions on prefixation: MEG evidence 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11: 30 12:30 Paul Kiparsky On the syntax and argument structure of agent nouns 12:30 13:00 Tibor Kiss Argument structure and reflexive binding Friday: 30 12:30 Helen de Hoop Grammar under pressure: the case of subject hun them in Dutch 12:30 13:00 Anna Czypionka & Carsten Eulitz Case marking affects the processing of animacy with simple verbs, but not particle verbs: An event-related potential study 40


54 AG Programs Thursday, program 9:00 9:30 Gianina Iordachioaia Agentivity and Eventivity in Psych Nominalizations 9:30 10:00 Vasiliki Koukoulioti & Stavroula Stavrakaki e situation of aspect from the viewpoint of language pathology: A comparison between stroke induced aphasia and semantic dementia 10:00 11:00 Stefan Hinterwimmer Experiencer Verbs as Indicators of Perspective-Taking 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12:00 Marta Donazzan & Lucia M. Tovena Agentive dispositions and causal responsibility: a case study 12:00 13 : 00 Robert D. Van Valin Jr. Agents, effectors and event structure Friday,: 30 12:00 Anke Lensch Agentivity in Nominalizations of Phrasal Verbs. On Passers-by and Winder-uppers 12:00 12:30 Ekaterina Gabrovska & Wilhelm Geuder Agentivity and Force Exertion: the German Verb haben 12:30 13:00 Hamida Demirdache, Angeliek van Hout, Jinhong Liu, Fabienne Martin & Iris M. Strangmann Testing the Agent Control Hypothesis with non-culminating events. Experimental evidence from Adult Dutch and Mandarin 13:00 13:30 Odelia Ahdout Psych Nominalizations in Hebrew 42


56 AG Programs Thursday, program 9:00 10:00 Shravan Vasishth Complexity and Memory 10:00 11:00 Yair Haendler Children s processing of relative clauses depends on who they are 11:00 11:30 coffee break 11:30 12:00 Lars Meyer Processing versus Grammar of Syntactic Dependencies: Neural Oscillations of Chunking, Storage, and Retrieval 12:00 12:30 Iya Khelm Price & Jeffrey Witzel Misalignment of offline and online measures in Russian relative clause processing 12:30 13:00 Irina A. Sekerina Retrieval Interference in Relative Clause A achment Ambiguity: Cross-Linguistic Evidence Friday,: 30 12:00 Jill de Villiers & Tom Roeper How representations determine stages of acquisition 12:00 13:00 Corinna Trabandt, Emanuela Sanfelici & Petra Schulz What does semantic complexity mean for children? Insights from the acquisition of relative clauses in German 13:00 13:30 Daniele Panizza & Karoliina Lohiniva When pragmatics helps syntax: An eye tracking study on scope ambiguity resolution in 4- to 5-year-old children 44

57 AG Programs 13:30 14:00 Laura E. de Ruiter, Anna L. Theakston, Silke Brandt & Elena V. M. Lieven Temporal, causal and conditional sentences in English child-directed speech Programm AG 5 The grammatical realization of polarity. Theoretical and experimental approaches Christine Dimroth & Stefan Sudhoff Room: F 425 Wednesday,: 00-14:30 Christine Dimroth & Stefan Sudhoff e grammatical realization of polarity. Introductory remarks 14:30 15:00 Beata Gyuris On two types of polar interrogatives in Hungarian and their interaction with inside and outside negation 15:00 16:00 Horst Lohnstein Verum focus and contrast 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17: 00 Peter Öhl Negative polarity, focus accent and the embedding of interrogatives by veridical predicates 17:00 17:30 Julia Bacskai-Atkari Complementisers as markers of negative polarity in German comparatives 17:30 18:00 Unaisa Khir Eldeen Can but be a negative polarity item? 45

58things 46

59 AG Programs 12:00 13:00 Daniel Gutzmann, Katharina Hartmann, Lisa Matthewson Cross-linguistic evidence that verum focus 13:00 13:30 Davide Garassino, Daniel Jacob Non Canonical Syntax and Polarity Focus in French, Italian, and Spanish 13: 30 14:00 Kyoko Sano Assertion and Polarity in koso -e construction in Old Japanese Programm AG 6 Computational Pragmatics Anton Benz, Ralf Klabunde, Sebastian Reuße & Jon Stevens Room: F 420 Wednesday,: 00 15:00 Harry Bunt Computational pragmatics revisited 15 : 00 16:00 Sabine Janzen & Wolfgang Maaß Balancing dialogues with mixed motives 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17:30 Martín Villalba & Alexander Koller Interactive natural language generation in virtual environments 17:30 18:30 Kees van Deemter Computational models of choice in language production: the case of reference 47

60 AG Programs Thursday, program 9:00 10:00 Jon Stevens e turnip question: A game-theoretic look at non-literal answers 10:00 11:00 Michael Franke & Leon Bergen Embedded scalars and reasoning about the QUD 11:00 11 : 30 Coffee break 11:30 12:30 Noah Goodman Unusual uncertainty in language understanding: Vagueness and accommodation Friday,: 30 12:00 Mark-Matthias Zymla Pragmatic inferencing via abstract knowledge representation in LFG 12:00 12:30 Florian Kuhn Towards building a German legal decision corpus for argumentation mining 12:30 13:00 Eva Horch Article missing? 13:00 13:30 Simon Musgrave, Michael Haugh & Andrea Schalley Looking for a good laugh: Using ontologies to access pragmatic phenomena through spoken corpora 13:30 14:00 Final remarks 48

61 AG Programs AG 7 Sign language agreement revisited: New theoretical and experimental perspectives Barbara Hänel-Faulhaber, Annika Herrmann, Christian Rathmann & Markus Steinbach Room: D 406 Programm Wednesday,: 30 15:00 Elena Benedicto Classifiers as agreement or not? 15:00 15:30 Adam Schembri Against the agreement analysis of classifier morphemes in sign languages ​​15:30 16:00 Svetlana Dachkovsky e development of a RC marker from a deictic gesture in Israeli Sign Language 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17:00 Lynn YS Hou Pointing as seeds of directionality 17:00 17:30 Kearsy Cormier Role shi is not agreement 17:30 18:30 Richard P. Meier Pointing to the analysis of personal pronouns and directional verbs in the acquisition and grammar of ASL Thursday: 00 9:30 Irit Meir Explaining the special typological properties of Sign Language verb agreement 49

62 AG Programs Program 9:30 10:00 Kearsy Cormier, Jordan Fenlon & Adam Schembri Agreement verbs in sign languages: Are we missing the point? 10:00 10:30 Carlo Geraci, Mirko Santoro, Lara Mantovan & Valentina Aristodemo Backward agreement is not so backward a er all: the role of loci in the grammar of SL 10:30 11:00 Guilherme Lourenço Regular and backward agreement verbs in Libras: a Case-based derivation 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12:00 Antonio Balvet & Brigitte Garcia Agreement in Sign Languages, allow me to disagree 12:00 13:00 Josep Quer A place for locative agreement in sign languages Friday,: 30 12:00 Julia Krebs, Dietmar Roehm & Ronnie Wilbur Two agreement markers in Austrian Sign Language (ÖGS) 12:00 12:30 Matic Pavlič Verb-argument agreement and word order in SZJ ditransitives 12:30 13:00 Brendan Costello Defective agreeing verbs in LSE: an OT account 13:00 13:30 Jeremy Kuhn Dependency marking in American Sign Language 13:30 14:00 Roland Pfau & Martin Salzmann e order of Agree and Merge - evidence from sign language agreement 50

63 AG Programs AG 8 Gradience in the field of tension between empirical methods and grammatical theory Jana Häussler & Tom Juzek Room: E 404 Program Wednesday,: 00 14:30 Jana Häussler & Tom Juzek Introduction - Why gradience ma ers 14:30 15:00 Ankelien Schippers Negative island violations: *? # how bad are (nt) they really? 15:00 16:00 Robert Külpmann & Vilma Symanczyk Joppe Gradient Acceptability and Categorical Distinctions: the Case of Imperative Constructions 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17:30 Jennifer Culbertson (invited speaker) Competing grammars and the representation of subject clitics in French 17:30 18:00 Gabi Danon Choose your features: Lexical optionality and variation in QNP agreement 18:00 18:30 Julie Franck, Garrett Smith & Whitney Tabor A theory of agreement a raction based on a continous semantic representation space Thursday, : 00 10:00 Emilia Ellsiepen Problematic cases for weighted constraint models: Subadditivity and cost-free violation 51

64 AG Programs Program 10:00 11:00 Marta Wierzba Towards an efficient evaluation method of generative theories using gradient data and regression 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12:30 Antonella Sorace (invited speaker) Gradience at interfaces 12:30 13:00 Frances Blanchette A Gradient Acceptability Study of English Sentences with Two Negatives Friday,: 30 12:00 Anne-Laure Besnard asi-modals in English 12:00 13:00 Joanna Nykiel Ellipsis alternation 13:00 13:30 Chiyo Nishida Dative clitic doubling variation in Spanish reverse psych verb sentences: Syntax meets discourse-pragmatics and semantics 13:30 14:00 Matthias Schrinner Competing embedded clauses in German: Conflicts in position of extraposed relative and argument clauses 52

65 AG Programs AG 9 Written and Spoken Language as Modalities of a Language System Martin Evertz & Frank Kirchhoff Room: E 403 Program Wednesday: 00 14:30 Martin Evertz & Frank Kirchhoff Introduction and overview 14:30 15:00 Andreas Nolda Script types: Definition and classification 15:00 15:30 Hartmut Günther Schri - and spoken language a translation theory 15:30 16:00 Monika Budde Cross-modality and modality-specific structural aspects of linguistic expressions: On which levels of description can modality-specific differences manifest themselves? 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17:00 Karsten Schmidt The word as the central unit of graphematics 17:00 17:30 Vilma Symanczyk Joppe Just a reflex of morphosyntax? The graphematic word in norm and use 17:30 18:00 Fabian Renz Expressive intensity particles in spoken and written language 53


67 AG Program AG 10 Morphological effects on word order from a typological and a diachronic perspective Þórhallur Eyþórsson, Hans-Martin Gärtner & Tonjes Veenstra Room: G 308 Programm Wednesday,: 00 15:00 Olaf Koeneman, Hedde Zeijlstra e Rich Agreement Redux 15: 00 16:00 Eric Fuß Hand in hand or each on one s own? On the connection between morphological and syntactic change 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 16:30 17:30 Tonjes Veenstra From rags to riches: the RAH from a creole perspective 17:30 18:30 Peter Slomanson e contribution of contact linguistics to the Rich Agreement debate Thursday,: 00 10:00 Ásgrímur Angantýsson V2 and verbal morphology in Övdalian 10:00 11:00 Hans-Martin Gärtner On the Role of Verbal Mood in Licensing Dependent V2 Clauses 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12: 00 Heimir van der Feest Viðarsson Re-challenging the RAH: Problematisation of structural and social aspects in 19th-century Icelandic 55

68 AG Programs Programm 12:00 13:00 John Sundquist & Caroline Heycock Revisiting the RAH in Light of Diachronic Data from the History of Danish Friday,: 30 12:00 Elyse Jamieson Rich agreement in the Shetland dialect of Scots 12:00 13: 00 Eric Haeberli, Tabea Ihsane e Rich Agreement Hypothesis: Diachronic (lack o) evidence from English 13:00 14:00 Thórhallur Eythórsson If It s Tuesday, is Must Be Belgium: Some alleged syntax-morphology correlations re-examined AG 11 Indefinites between theory and language change Chiara Gianollo, Klaus von Heusinger & Svetlana Petrova Room: G 201 Wednesday,: 00 15:00 Maria Aloni Indefinites as fossils 15:00 16:00 Urtzi Etxeberria & Anastasia Giannakidou Anti-specificity and the role of number: the case of Spanish algún / algunos 16:00 16:30 Coffee break 56

69 AG Programs 16:30 17:30 Irene Franco, Olga Kellert, Guido Mensching & Cecilia Poletto On (negative) indefinites in Old Italian 17:30 18:30 Remus Gergel Another route towards epistemic indefinites: A case for VERUM? Program Thursday: 00 10:00 Lyudmila Geist From indefinite NP to bare NP: why does the indefinite article disappear? 10:00 11:00 Patrick G. Grosz Scalar epistemic indefinites: a case study of weiß Go w- in Present Day German 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12:00 Ricardo Etxepare From correlative protases to existential pronouns in Basque 12 : 00 12:30 Amel Kallel & Pierre Larrivée Strong polarity contexts and evolution of n-words 12:30 13:00 Moreno Mitrović Indefinite polarization and its scalar origin: evidence from Japonic Friday,: 30 12:00 Rosemarie Lühr Constructions with Indefinita in Ancient Indo-European languages ​​57

70 AG Programs Program 12:00 12:30 Andrei Sideltsev Relative and indefinite pronouns: synchrony and diachrony. e case of Hi ite 12:30 13:00 Silvia Luraghi Partitive case markers and indefiniteness: a diachronic survey 13:00 14:00 Discussion AG 12 Presuppositions in language acquisition Anja Müller & Viola Schmitt Room: E 402 Wednesday,: 00 15: 00 Welcome Kenneth Drozd (Invited speaker) Cumulative universal quantification 15:00 15:30 Francesca Panzeri and Francesca Foppolo e presuppositions of also and only: the view from acquisition 15:30 16:00 Yi-ching Su Only for children 16:00 16 : 30 Coffee break 16:30 17:00 Tom Roeper, Jennifer Rau Children fail to repair presuppositions 17:00 17:30 Magda Oiry How children deal with a contextually canceled presupposition 58

71 AG Programs 17:30 18:00 Cory Bill, Jérémy Zehr, Lyn Tieu, Jacopo Romoli, Stephen Crain & Florian Schwarz On the acquisition of presupposition projection 18:00 18:30 Lilla Pintér Exhaustivity of structural focus in Hungarian: presupposition or implicature ? Programm AG 13 Adjective order: Theory and experiment Eva Wittenberg & Andreas Trotske Room: E 402 Thursday,: 00-9: 30 Gregory Scontras, Judith Degen, Noah Goodman Property subjectivity predicts adjective ordering preferences 9:30 10:00 Sven Kotowski, Holden Härtl Adjective order restrictions: e influence of temporariness on prenominal word order 10:00 11:00 Guglielmo Cinque Remarks on the order of adjectives cross-linguistically 11:00 11:30 Coffee break 11:30 12:00 Tine Breban, Kristin Davidse A functional -cognitive analysis of the order of adjectival modifiers in the English NP 12:00 12:30 Elnora ten Wolde Linear vs hierarchical, two accounts ofpremodification in the of-binominal noun phrase 59

72 AG Programs 12:30 13:00 Giuliana Giusti, Rossella Iovino Free not-so-free adjectival word order in Latin Programm Friday,: 30 12:00 Myrthe Wildeboer An electro-encephalography study on Dutch-Papiamento code-switching production 12: 00 12:30 Claudia Turolla, Andrea Padovan & Ermenegildo Bidese Adjective orders in Cimbrian DP 12:30 13:00 Fryni Panayidou Adjective ordering is not just semantics: A language contact perspective 13:00 13:30 Melita Stavrou Greek noun-adjective ordering revisited 13:30 14:00 Eva Wittenberg, AndreasTrotzke, Emily Morgan & Roger Levy Preferences in adjective order: Hierarchical and semantic approaches reconciled 60

73 Part III. Plenary lectures 61


75 plenary lectures Causal wh & extra wh Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng Leiden University Wednesday, 9:30 am 11:30 am, room: A 600 (Audimax) Cross-linguistically, it is common to see that the counterparts of how and what can be used to express a causal reading. I take Tsai (2008) as a starting point, and I argue, contra Tsai (2008) and Stepanov and Tsai (2008), that the causal reading of how does not stem from its status as a sentential operator, but instead from its dependence on modality. I examine data from Mandarin and Cantonese and compare the causal reading of how with the reading of how come, and argue that though the how-causal questions have actuality entailment, they differ from how come questions in not having factivity. In addition to how, I also examine the causal reading of what. I argue that the source of the causal reading differs from the source of the causal reading of how. In relation to this, I discuss reason-applicatives and its implication for causal what in languages ​​like Dutch and German. PV Semantic theory and computational experiments Louise McNally Universitat Pompeu Fabra Wednesday, 12:00 13:00, Room: A 600 (Audimax) In recent years there has been a very noticeable increase in the use of experiments with human subjects for the testing predictions made by linguistic theories or analyzes. In this talk, I focus on the insights that can be gained through experiments involving computational modeling. Though such experiments might be criticized for having even less ecological validity than controlled experiments with human subjects, I argue 63

76 plenary lectures that the very exercise of bringing together theory and concrete implementation can be extremely useful as a methodology for pushing research forward. I illustrate using examples from the recent, fruitful interaction of theory and experiment in the area of ​​distributional semantics. PV Speech is special and language is structured David Poeppel Max-Planck-Institute & New York University Friday,, 9:00 10:00, room: A 600 (Audimax) I discuss two new studies that focus on general questions about the cognitive science and neural implementation of speech and language. I come to (currently) unpopular conclusions about both domains. Based on experiments using fmri and exploiting the temporal statistics of speech, I argue for the existence of a speech-specific processing stage that implicates a particular neuronal substrate that has the appropriate sensitivity and selectivity for speech. Based on a set of experiments using MEG, I discuss how temporal encoding can form the basis for more abstract, structural processing. The results demonstrate that, during listening to connected speech, cortical activity of different time scales is entrained concurrently to track the time course of linguistic structures at different hierarchical levels. Critically, entrainment to hierarchical linguistic structures is dissociated from the neural encoding of acoustic cues and from processing statistical relations between words. These results demonstrate syntax-driven, internal construction of hierarchical linguistic structure via entrainment of hierarchical cortical dynamics. The conclusions that speech is special and language structure driven provide new neurobiological provocations to the prevailing view that speech perception is mere hearing and that language comprehension is mere statistics. 64

77 plenary lectures Incomplete acquisition and language attrition in different settings Höskuldur Þráinsson University of Iceland Friday,, 10:00 11:00, Room: A 600 (Audimax) In recent years, there has been growing interest in research on so-called heritage languages, ie languages ​​that speakers typically acquire at home as children, sometimes incompletely, but use only to a limited extent since they are growing up and living in a society where another language is dominant. This paper reports on ongoing research on North American Icelandic (NAmIce), a heritage language still spoken to some extent in certain areas of Canada and the US but on the brink of extinction. The focus will be on selected syntactic phenomena, including V2 / V3, reflexives, case marking and processing of syntactically complex structures. Most of the data on NAmIce were collected in recent field trips, using various elicitation techniques. Longitudinal data from extensive letter writing by speakers of NAmIce will also be considered since they provide an interesting perspective: Some of the writers started out as relatively perfect speakers (writers) of Icelandic but later show some signs of language attrition. The average age of the NAmIce subjects interviewed on the field trips was about 77 years and it turns out that in order to interpret their linguistic performance correctly it is necessary to compare it to that of speakers of Icelandic Icelandicˮ of roughly the same age that were interviewed and tested using the same elicitation techniques. This way we have collected three different sets of data which make it possible to distinguish, at least to some extent, incomplete language acquisition, language attrition in a heritage language setting and natural language attrition. This sheds an interesting light on knowledge of language: its nature, origin and use. PV 65

78 Expected October 2015 Expected October USD / USD / How to do Linguistics with R Data exploration and statistical analysis Natalia Levshina Université catholique de Louvain New Text Books This book provides a linguist with a statistical toolkit for exploration and analysis of linguistic data. It employs R, a free software environment for statistical computing, which is increasingly popular among linguists. How to do Linguistics with R: Data exploration and statistical analysis is unique in its scope, as it covers a wide range of classical and cutting-edge statistical methods, including different flavors of regression analysis and ANOVA, random forests and conditional inference trees, as well as specific linguistic approaches, among which are Behavioral Profiles, Vector Space Models and various measures of association between words and constructions. The statistical topics are presented comprehensively, but without too much technical detail, and illustrated with linguistic case studies that answer non-trivial research questions. The book also demonstrates how to visualize linguistic data with the help of attractive informative graphs, including the popular ggplot2 system and Google visualization tools xi, 432 pp. + Index / USD / Hb EUR / Pb EUR E-inst EUR / USD E-PRiv EUR / USD A Grammar of Mandarin Jeroen Wiedenhof Leiden University / USD / xxv, 477 pp. Hb EUR / Pb EUR A fascinating description of a global language, A Grammar of Mandarin combines broad perspectives with illuminating depth. Crammed with examples from everyday conversations, it aims to let the language speak for itself. The book opens with an overview of the language situation and a thorough account of Mandarin speech sounds. Nine core chapters explore syntactic, morphological and lexical dimensions. A final chapter traces the Chinese character script from oracle-bone inscriptions to today s digital pens. This work will cater to language learners and linguistic specialists alike. Easy reference is provided by more than eighty tables, figures, appendices, and a glossary. The main text is enriched by sections in finer print, offering further analysis and reflection. Example sentences are fully glossed, translated, and explained from various angles, with a keen eye for recent linguistic change. This grammar, in short, reveals a Mandarin language in full swing. E-inst EUR / USD E-PRiv EUR / USD JOHN BENJAMINS PUBLISHING COMPANY

79 Part IV. Working groups and abstracts 67


81 Working group 1 Verb second in grammar and processing: its causes and its consequences Oliver Bott 1, Constantin Freitag 2 & Fabian Schlotterbeck 1 1 Universität Tübingen, 2 Universität Konstanz AG1 Room: G 309 Workshop description The verb second (V2) property seen in most Germanic but also in some other Indoeuropean or even extra-Indoeuropean languages ​​may be part of a wider variational scenario in which par- ticular features (as encoded in the finite verb) must be represented in the left clausal periphery (cf. Anderson, 1993) . Although the V2 property has received much attention in the syntactic literature, there is still dissent which functional projections / steps of movement are involved in the derivation of V2 order or if it is even base generated. Furthermore, it is still unclear if the V2 order is a purely structural linearization condition, or if it is tied to the semantic component in narrow syntax, as proposed for German (Truckenbrodt, 2006). Every generalization must also consider the variation among V2 languages ​​concerning basic word order, clause types which exhibit V2 (main clause, embedded clause, relative clause), and co-occurrence of V2 order and complementizers. L1-acquisition research suggests that children acquire the V2-property of German as a secondary step after having settled for head-final basic word order (Clahsen and Muysken, 1986). For L2 acquisition it is reported that 69

82 AG 1: Verb second in grammar and processing AG1 the acquisition process runs through a fixed order of structural hypotheses which differ from L1 acquisition patterns. These findings suggest that the V2 is a derived order. Despite the consideration of V2 in theoretical work, the consequences of V2 for sentence processing have not received much attention. For instance, German has been mostly studied with respect to its underlying verb-final order. But the early availability of the morphological and lexical verb information in V1 / V2 may have important consequences for the parsing process. For instance, Knoeferle et al. (2005) showed that the verbal information is immediately used in anticipating upcoming event participants.Other aspects of verb related interpretation processes, however, such as covert reconstruction of quantifiers (Bott and Schlotterbeck, 2015), thematic prominence effects (Scheepers et al., 2000), and NPI licensing (Freitag and Bayer, 2015) seem to be delayed to the right clause boundary, i. e. the supposed base position of the finite verb. The main questions we want to address are: What is the structural analysis of the V2 position in different clause types? Is V2 only a linearization phe- nomenon, or is it tied to semantics / pragmatics? What is the role of V2 verbal information in sentence processing? Which aspects of the interpretation are immediately triggered by the verb in V2 position and which are assigned at its base position. We invite submissions that present theoretical or empirical contributions based on language-specific, cross-linguistic, diachronic, or language acquisition research on the empirical properties of phenomena that are caused by, or correlate with the V2 property. Theoretical proposals should make clear-cut predictions that allow for experimental falsification. Experimental approaches, on the other hand, should ad- dress the predictions of theoretical implementations. By bringing together the above mentioned lines of research, we hope to come one step closer to a deeper understanding of V2, and to find directions for future research. 70

83 AG 1, Room G 309 Introduction Oliver Bott 1, Constantin Friday 2 & Fabian Schlotterbeck 1 1 University of Tübingen, 2 University of Konstanz Wednesday,, 14:00 14:30, Room: G 309 Variations on V2: the information-structural dynamics of the left periphery in German Heike Wiese 1, Eva Wittenberg 2 & Oliver Bunk 1 1 Universität Potsdam, 2 University of California, San Diego AG1 Wednesday, 14:30 15:00, Room: G 309 Modern German is usually regarded as a typical instance of a Germanic V2 language, with a strict V2 restriction for matrix declaratives that requires exactly one position to be filled in the forefield in front of the finite verb. Deviations from V2 described in the literature are either separate constructions such as left dislocation or hanging topics (Frey 2005), specific exceptions such as sentences with irrelevance conditional and counterfactual adverbial clauses in the forefield (Axel 2004, d Avis 2004), or patterns of only putative multiple frontings that might be subsumed under V2 (Müller 2005 on multiple VP constituents in the forefield). Accordingly, examples such as in (1) are usually constructed to illustrate ungrammatical linear orders, and starred accordingly: (1) * [As soon as / When / Because it cheers], we can go for a walk. [Axel 2004: 25] However, findings from spoken language use outside formal standard German provide evidence for just such linearizations, cf. (2), including ones with non-clausal adverbials (3): (2) IF you BELIEVE me nisch we put on [KiDKo, MuH3WT] 71

84 AG 1: Verb second in grammar and processing (3) TODAY I will bring my cigarettes with me [KiDKo, MuH11MD] This suggests that there might be systematic extensions of V2 in German, to a more liberal forefield that can also accommodate V3. Evidence for this was first reported from Kiezdeutsch, an urban dialect found in informal speech among multilingual peer groups (Wiese 2009, 2013), and has subsequently also been found in more monolingual contexts of German (Schalowski 2012, 2015), cf. (4 ) and (5) (utterances by speakers at a lecture series and an annual DGfS conference, respectively): AG1 (4) if you hear the WHOLE you know exactly [BSa-Sch 8] (5) and then (-) the particles do not change [BSa-Sch 24] These findings point to a specific pattern which (a) is syntactically integrated into German as V3, rather than an allochthonous SVO construction (Wiese 2013, te Velde to appear; contra Auer 2013), indicated, eg, by the preservation of the verbal bracket, and (b) at the level of information structure, allows both framesetters and topics to appear together in the left periphery. Our paper presents results from a cross-linguistic study that further explored such an information-structural motive for this pattern. We investigated whether speakers of German and English were more likely to place verbs in a V3 position, after framesetter plus topic, if language-specific grammatical restrictions were removed. In order to test this, we presented speakers with a (non-verbal) comic sequence and asked them to describe the final picture, which included a frame-setter (a time indicated on a clock) and an animate or inanimate topic. Participants had to render the scene (a) verbally and (b) in a semi-verbal set-up, using little plastic figures, wooden clocks, and paper slips with written verbs. Results indicate that verbal descriptions followed the typical standard language patterns, German speakers displaying V2 with either the topic / subject or the framesetter / adverbial in the forefield (ie, Adv V fin S or SV fin Adv), and English speakers displaying SVO with the topic / subject always in front of the verb and sometimes preceded by the framesetter / adverbial 72

85 AG 1, room G 309 (i.e., SV Adv or Adv SV). In contrast to this, in the semi-verbal condition, both German and English speakers also used an additional ordering option pointing to V3, with both topic and framesetter presented before the verb, and in both internal orders (ie., Framesetter> topic, and topic> framesetter). We analyze these findings from the point of view of the interface between syntax and information structure, and discuss their implications for a syntactic account of German V3. The derivation of V2 in Germanic main and embedded clauses Sten Vikner Aarhus University Wednesday,, 15: 00-16: 00, room: G 309 This talk will give an overview of the verb second (V2) phenomenon, as found in both main and embedded clauses in the Germanic languages, and it will also explore a particular derivation of (embedded) V2, in terms of a cp / cp distinction. All the Germanic languages ​​except modern English (but including e.g. Old English) are V2, i.e. In all declarative main clauses and in all wh-questions, the finite verb is in the second position. regardless of whether the first position is occupied by the subject or by some other constituent. This can be extended to yes / no-questions, provided it is assumed that the first position in such questions is empty (and such an assumption is supported by the fact that it allows an account for Greenberg s 1963: 83 Universal 11, cf. Vikner 2007). English only requires V2 in some main clauses: questions and negative topicalizations. As far as embedded clauses in the Germanic languages ​​are concerned, V2 is never obligatory, and although it is optionally possible in many embedded clauses, this is not the case for all types of embedded clauses, as e.g. embedded questions never allow V2 (Julien 2007, Vikner 2001). I will explore a particular derivation of (embedded) V2, in terms of a cp / cp distinction, which may be seen as a version of the CP recursion AG1 73

86 AG 1: Verb second in grammar and processing AG1 analysis (de Haan & Weerman 1986, Vikner 1995 and many others). This analysis will be compared to a fine-grained left periphery approach (Rizzi 1997 and many others). The idea is that because embedded V2 clauses do not allow extraction, whereas other types of CP-recursion clauses do (Christensen et al. 2013a, b), CP-recursion in embedded V2 is assumed to be fundamentally different from other kinds of CP- recursion, in that main clause V2 and embedded V2 involve a CP (big CP), whereas other clausal projections above IP are instances of cp (little cp). Part of the talk builds on joint work with Ken Ramshøj Christensen and Anne Mette Nyvad. References: Christensen, Ken Ramshøj, Johannes Kizach & Anne Mette Nyvad. 2013a. Escape from the island: Grammaticality and (reduced) acceptability of wh-island violations in Danish, Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 42, Christensen, Ken Ramshøj, Johannes Kizach & Anne Mette Nyvad. 2013b. The processing of syntactic islands an fmri study, Journal of Neurolinguistics 26.2, Greenberg, Joseph Some universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningful elements in Joseph Greenberg (ed.): Universals of Language, MIT Press, Cambridge MA. dehaan, Germen & Fred Weerman Finiteness and Verb Fronting in Frisian. In: Hubert Haider & Martin Prinzhom (eds.), Verb Second Phenomena in Germanic Languages. Foris, Dordrecht, pp Julien, Marit Embedded V2 in Norwegian and Swedish. In: Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 80. Lund: Lund University, Rizzi, Luigi The fine structure of the left periphery. In: Liliane Haegeman (ed.), Elements of Grammar. Dordrecht: Kluwer, Vikner, Sten: 1995, Verb Movement and Expletive Subjects in the Germanic Languages, New York: Oxford University Press. Vikner, Sten: 2001, Verb Movement Variation in Germanic and Optimality eory, habilitation thesis, University of Tübingen. viknhabi.pdf. Vikner, Sten Teoretisk and comparative syntax. In Henrik Jørgensen & Peter Widell (eds.), Det bedre argument Festskri til Ole Togeby, 7 marts 2007, Wessel & Huitfeld, Århus, pp

87 AG 1, room G 309 Relaxed V2 languages ​​and their Left Periphery. Two cases from Northern Italy Jan Casalicchio 1 & Federica Cognola 2 1 Università di Trento, 2 Università Ca Foscari di Venezia Wednesday, 4.30pm-5.30pm, room: G 309 Introduction: The aim of this talk is to contribute to our understanding of the V2 phenomenon by comparing two varieties spoken in Northern Italy (Trentino-South Tyrol): the Rhaeto-Romance variety of Badia (henceforth: R) and Mòcheno (M), a German dialect. Both have been independently claimed to be relaxed V2 languages, in which i) the finite verb and one XP have to move to CP for EPP reasons (Roberts 2004, Holmberg 2015), and ii) this movement coexists with V3 / V4 word orders ( cf. Rowley 2003 for M; Poletto 2002 for R, ao). By discussing a series of novel data on the structure of the left periphery in R&M, we show that they pattern alike in most contexts, and exhibit two properties which are incompatible with previous accounts of R (cf. Poletto 2002) and of relaxed V2 languages in general (Benincà 2006). Properties of R&M: In previous accounts, the possibility of V3 / V4 word orders in relaxed V2 languages ​​was ascribed to the presence of an articulated left periphery in these varieties, like in modern Italian (cf. Rizzi 1997, Benincà 2001). However, R&M exhibit properties which are absent from modern romance and have mostly remained unnoticed so far. These are: 1. Relativized Minimality Effects (RM, cf. Rizzi 2004) in fronted topics: Two fronted topics can precede the verb; However, a given subject and a given object cannot contemporary appear in the left periphery: AG1 (1) a. Lucaj ala mamak tik à = lj cumprè n liber (R) Luca to-the mum her has = bought a book a. The Luca en de mama hòt a puach kaft (M) the Luca to the mum has a book bought (2) a. * La mamaj l liberk, (lk) a (= laj) cumprà inier (R) the mum the book (it) has (= bought yesterday 75

88 AG 1: Verb second in grammar and processing a. * De mama s puach hòt gester kaft (M) the mum the book has yesterday bought AG1 We propose that the V3 order in (1) is due to the fact that the EPP feature is not satisfied by one of the fronted arguments, but by a pro in Fin 0. Topics move directly to Topic P and are not base-generated there. Subject and object cannot co-occur because they share the same featural marking (+ topic, -focus, -case, where case is to be understood as morphological case. This means that the presence / absence of a case assigning P is distinctive for + / - case in both R&M). 2. Restrictions on V3 with a fronted focalized argument: When a focalized element is fronted, strict V2 order is mandatory in R. Following Poletto (2002), we propose that the focalized element moves to ForceP, the highest projection of the clause in R The EPP feature is on Force 0, and the verb also moves to Force 0 to satisfy it (see 3). In M, just one topic can precede a fronted focus. In our proposal, this is due to the fact that in M ​​focalization is an instance of (focalized) topicalization: since M has only two TopicPs (3), the lower one is occupied by the focus and one TopicP is available for topics. Moreover, in these sentences there are superiority effects: the [+ contrastive] topic moves first to FinP to satisfy the EPP feature, creating the typical bottle-neck effect, which can be circumvented only by a topic whose base-position is higher than the base position of the [+ contrastive] XP. 3. Asymmetries between main declarative and interrogative clauses: In wh-interrogatives, V3 / V4 word orders are possible in both R&M, but with one difference: in M ​​we observe the same RM-effects observed in declarative clauses (2), while in R there are no restrictions on the simultaneous fronting of subject and object. We claim that in this case the EPP feature in Fin 0 is satisfied by the wh element, and that in M ​​the fronted topics are moved from a lower position; in R, instead, topics are base-generated when there is a wh element. To conclude: The base structure of the left periphery in both R&M is the following: (3) [CP [Force [+ EPP] [Topic [Topic [wh [Fin [+ EPP] [V]]]]]]]]] 76

89 AG 1, room G 309 NB: recall that the EPP feature is usually in Fin 0, but in R it is in Force 0 when a focus is fronted. References: Benincà (2006). A detailed map of the left periphery of Medieval Romance. In: Zanuttini et al. (eds.), Crosslinguistic research in Syntax and Semantics. Washington, Poletto (2002). The left periphery of a V2 Rhaetoromance dialect: a new perspective on V2 and V3. In: Barbiers et al. (eds.), Syntactic Microvariation. Amsterdam: Meertens, Rizzi (2004). Locality and left periphery. In: Belletti (ed.), Structures and beyond. Oxford: OUP, Rowley (2003). Liacht as de Sproch. Grammatica della lingua mòchena. Palù del Fersina. V2 in the history of English: why did it arise, why was it lost, and what difference did it make? AG1 Bettelou Los 1 & Ans van Kemenade 2 1 Edinburgh University, 2 Radboud University Nijmegen / CLS Wednesday, 5.30pm-6.30pm, room: G 309 Old English has been shown to have a version of V2 since van Kemenade (1987 ). Subsequent work (Haeberli 2002, van Kemenade 2012) has arrived at a consensus that Old English may move the finite verb to C, as do Present-Day Dutch and German, but also to an additional lower position F. The Old English verb moves to C if the first constituent is a negative or whconstituent (or a temporal adverb þa / þonne, which is a separate development), while it is in F when the first constituent is an object or an adverbial. Spec, FP is a position for pronouns and certain types of nominal subjects: The examples in (1) demonstrates that movement to C may have been motivated originally to mark off focused constituents, and movement to F to demarcate discourse links (ðuruh þæt gescead ana , Mid þam) and established referents (we) from new information (sælran þonne þa ungsceadwysan nytenu, an mæden). 77