What if I've failed all subjects

My child did not reach the class goal - what to do?

A. Rules for repeating grades 5 to 10 at grammar school

I. Advance
The decision about advancing to the next higher grade is regulated in Section 30 of the School Regulations for Gymnasiums in Bavaria (GSO), Art. 53 (1) Bavarian Law on Education and Teaching (BayEUG). Accordingly, advancement in grades 5 to 10 to the next higher grade is not permitted if

1. the pupil has a grade of 6 in an advancement subject in the annual report card, or if so
2. The pupil receives a grade of 5 in two advancement subjects.

Advancement subjects in grades 5 to 10 are basically all compulsory and elective subjects with the exception of sport, but music only in grades 7 to 10 (except at the Musisches Gymnasium) (Section 16 (1) GSO).

If a pupil does not receive an advance permit afterwards, he / she can nevertheless advance under special circumstances, namely via:

1. Trial advance
When advancing on probation (§ 31 GSO) the student is allowed by the teachers' conference - on the basis of a recommendation from the class conference - to attend the next higher grade on a trial basis, usually by December 15 (probationary period). It is permitted under the following conditions:
a) Students in grades 5 to 9:
- For the first time, the pupil did not achieve the goal of the respective year level,
- Based on the overall picture of all achievements, it can be expected that he / she will achieve the goal of the grade in the next school year and
- the legal guardians agree to advance on probation.

b) Schoolchildren in grade 10:
- The pupil did not achieve the goal of the year for the first time because of grade 6 in one or grade 5 in two advanced subjects,
- Among them, she / he has not received a grade lower than 5 in core subjects (German, two foreign languages, mathematics and physics as well as - depending on the field of study - another subject, Section 16 (2) GSO)
- it can be expected that he / she will achieve the goal of high school, i.e. the Abitur, and
- the legal guardians agree to advance on probation.

At the end of the probationary period, the teachers' conference decides - on the basis of a recommendation from the class conference - whether the pupil has passed the probationary period according to the overall picture of all achievements and is allowed to stay in the year attended on a trial basis or whether he / she is referred back and must repeat the previous grade.

2. Grade compensation

Pupils in grade 10 who are excluded from advancement can be granted grade compensation according to § 32 GSO under the following conditions:

1. You do not have a grade of 5 or 6 in a further advancement subject and

2. They have grade 1 in one or grade 2 in two advanced subjects, whereby core subjects can only be offset by core subjects, or have no lower grade than 3 in at least three core subjects.

The school must also check whether it can be expected that the goal of the Gymnasium will be achieved. The decision is made by the teachers' conference on the basis of a recommendation from the class conference. If a pupil is granted grade compensation, a corresponding comment will be included in the annual report card.

3. Review
Schoolchildren in grades 6 to 9 can undergo a re-examination (§ 33 GSO) under the following conditions:

- The student did not achieve the grade goal
- due to insufficient grades in a maximum of three advanced subjects,
- including in core subjects no worse than a maximum of one grade 6 or two grades 5 and
- No grade 6 in German and
- the year in question may not be attended for the second time and
- The legal guardians have submitted an application to the school no later than one week after the handover of the annual report card.

The pupils have to take the re-examination in the advancement subjects in which their performance was worse than 4 (sufficient).

If the re-examination achieved grades that would have allowed the student to advance using the advancement provisions, he / she has successfully passed the re-examination and can advance.

II. Repeat (grades 5 to 10)
If a pupil is not allowed to advance (Section 30, Paragraph 1, Clause 2 GSO), he / she can repeat the previous grade of the same school type (Art. 53 Paragraph 2 BayEUG). However, repeating is not permitted in the following cases:

1. A repetition prohibition according to § 38 Abs. 1 GSO, Art. 53 Abs. 3 BayEUG is present when
- the pupil would have to repeat the same grade for the second time or
- after repeating one grade, would have to repeat the next one or
- Was not allowed to advance for the second time within grades 5 to 7.

The decision on whether there is a repetition ban is made by the class conference.

2. Prohibition of repetition due to exceeding the maximum duration of training in accordance with § 38 Paragraph 1 GSO, Art. 55 Paragraph 1 No. 6 BayEUG, § 14 GSO:
School attendance at the Gymnasium ends when the pupil exceeds the maximum training period. The maximum duration of training at the grammar school is ten school years (eleven school years for students in the new nine-year grammar school). All school years spent at public or state-recognized grammar schools count towards the calculation of the maximum duration of training. The period of leave of absence to attend school abroad is not counted towards the maximum duration of training. The maximum training period is also considered exceeded if it is certain that the school leaving certificate, i.e. the Abitur, can no longer be achieved within the maximum training period.

In cases where repetition is prohibited, the pupil has to leave the grammar school and can, if necessary, switch to another type of school. The requirements for this are regulated by the school regulations of the relevant school type.

3. In Section 37, Paragraphs 1 and 2 GSO, the voluntary repetition of a grade is regulated. At the request of the legal guardian, the pupil can voluntarily repeat a grade. In principle, it is also possible to withdraw from the previous year at the latest two weeks after the end of the half year.

B. Regulations for grades 11 and 12 at grammar school

In grades 11 and 12, the so-called qualification phase, no decision about advancement is made. The only decisive factors here are the maximum duration of training in the upper level on the one hand and the fulfillment of the admission requirements for the Abitur examination on the other.

I. Maximum duration of training in the upper level
The maximum duration of training for the upper level (grades 10 to 12) is four years (Section 14, Paragraph 4, Clause 1 GSO). This means that students are allowed to stay in grades 10 to 12 for a maximum of four years. If you have taken the Abitur examination but failed it, the maximum duration of training for the upper level can be exceeded by the minimum period of up to one year required for repeating a failed Abitur examination (Section 14, Paragraph 4, Clause 2 GSO).

II. Admission requirements for the Abitur examination
A pupil of the training section 12/2 is admitted to the Abitur examination if he or she fulfills the requirements set out in Section 44 (2) GSO:
1. The selected Abitur examination subjects cover the three fields of activity in accordance with Section 18 (1) GSO.
2. During the qualification phase, at least 48 points from German, mathematics and a foreign language chosen in the Abitur examination and at least 100 points in total in the five Abitur examination subjects have been achieved.
3. At least 200 points have been achieved in the total of 40 six-month performances, of which at least 5 points in 32 six-month performances or at least 9 points each (two six-month performances) in the seminar paper or in the project seminar on study and career orientation.
4. A total of at least 24 points were achieved in the term paper and in the seminars.
5. Each half-year performance to be contributed and the project seminar on study and career orientation were rated with at least 1 point.
6. Taking into account the training section 12/2, at least the 132 six-month weekly hours prescribed in Appendix 6 as well as the prescribed subjects and seminars have been proven.
7. The seminar paper has been delivered and neither this paper nor the presentation according to § 24 Paragraph 2 are rated with 0 points.
8. Evidence is provided that the lesson in a second foreign language was attended to at least the minimum required by Section 19 (4).

If a student does not meet one of these requirements, he or she cannot take the Abitur examination.

III. Resignation in the qualification phase
Since no decision is made to advance in grades 11 and 12, i.e. in the qualification phase of the upper level, there is no (compulsory) repetition. However, the pupils have the option of withdrawing in the qualification phase (Section 37 (4) GSO). The following applies:

• Pupils who withdraw from the qualification phase at the end of the training section 11/2 or 12/1 must repeat two consecutive training sections.
• If you withdraw at the end of the 11/1 training phase, the second half of the year 10 must also be repeated; the results of the 11/1 training phase are forfeited.
• Pupils who withdraw at the end of the training section 11/1 or 11/2 are not entitled to have courses set up that enable them to keep the originally selected course program. If students are no longer able to find their course program when they withdraw at the end of training section 12/1, the ministerial representative will make a special arrangement.
• If students who have resigned keep their originally chosen subjects, they can choose whether to include the overall result of the first or second run in the overall qualification. Results from the first and second pass cannot be mixed.
• The results of the project seminar on study and career orientation and the training section 11/2 in the science propaedeutic seminar as well as the result of the seminar paper can be retained at the student's request one or both seminars possible with the consent of the school principal.
• Withdrawal in the course of a training phase is not permitted.

Pupils who do not meet the admission requirements for the Abitur examination (in the first run) can only be admitted to the Abitur examination if they withdraw in accordance with Section 37 (4) GSO and perform the performance required in accordance with Section 44 (2) GSO in the second run .