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Thunlam - Bhutan Society

Thunlam 1/2015 Newsletter of the German Bhutan Himalaya Society e.V. with news and reports from the Kingdom of Bhutan 2 Cover picture: On the occasion of the Sipa-Chi-Dhoe ritual, which takes place every 12 years, ghost traps are set up to appease worldly deities. We found the thread structure on the cover picture in Punakha (see also article on p. 38) Thunlam is published by the Deutsche Bhutan Himalaya Gesellschaft eV Editorial committee: Gregor Verhufen, Henriette Madaus, Irmela Harz, Margarethe Roßkopf, Reinhard Wolf Gregor Verhufen. Further contributions by Manfred Kulessa (MK), Irmela Harz (IH), Henriette Madaus (HM) This symbol denotes reports on the activities of the DBHG. IMPRINT Editing / Responsible for the content: Deutsche Bhutan Himalaya Gesellschaft Management: Ms. Dr. Irmela Harz Am Kirchgarten 7 65795 Hattersheim Email: [email protected] Internet: www.bhutan-gesellschaft.de Board of Directors: Reinhard Wolf (President); Margarethe Rosskopf (Vice President) Dr. Henriette Madaus; Gregor Verhufen; Dr. Irmela Harz (Management) Sparkasse KölnBonn: IBAN: DE89 3705 0198 0016 4122 80; Registered in the register of associations Cologne VR 9286 Internet: www.bhutan-gesellschaft.de Mail: [email protected] 3 BIC: COLSDE33XXX Thunlam Newsletter 1/2015 Dear friends of Bhutan, We have devoted this issue of Thunlam to the activities of the DBHG. We report from our general assembly, in which a new board was elected in accordance with the statutes, then from Bhutan Day, with exciting articles on the main topic “How is tourism changing Bhutan?”. For those who couldn't take part in Bhutan Day: The "tailor-made" limericks from our Honorary President Dr. Don't miss Kulessa! Furthermore, DBHG delegations took part in a meeting of the European Bhutanese companies in Middelburg / Netherlands and in a meeting with the Bhutanese Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay in Brussels. The Prime Minister emphasized - also in a separate letter to the DBHG - the importance of the Bhutanese companies. In view of the fact that Bhutan can only afford a limited number of diplomatic missions in the world, the European Bhutanese societies play an important role. We would particularly like to draw your attention to a report on a new research project of the DBHG to preserve the written culture in Bhutan, which is supervised by Gregor Verhufen. Thanks to the great initiative of our "new" honorary president, Prof. Gerner, and with the financial support of Permamed Switzerland, Bhutan has a stamp series (a block of 40 Nu. And miniature sheets of eight tokens of 20 Nu.) With the motif of Drubthop Thangtong Gyalpo published. We are very pleased that we can present you, the members of the DBHG, with this Thunlam each with a set of this series of stamps. A novelty in this Thunlam is that we have reprinted some contributions by Bhutanese authors in the original (English). In addition, we on the Board of Directors have thought about how we want to shape Thunlam in the future. Your opinion is very important to us:  Do you prefer a printed version, for example, or would you prefer to receive the Thunlam digitally / electronically by email?  Are you very interested in news and information about Bhutan, or would you prefer a compact Thunlam with a focus on DBHG activities? We look forward to your feedback: By post, by email, on Facebook (yes, we are now also on Facebook, and thanks to the initiative of Dr. Madaus, we have also redesigned our website. Finally, an important note. Please note: we want to celebrate the next Bhutanese day on March 12, 2016 in Bonn (probably in the venerable "Old Town Hall") and celebrate 30 years of Bhutanese society with you! As the theme of this special Bhutanese day, we have chosen: "Happiness and Sustainability - Tradition and Modern Development in Bhutan ". Kind regards on behalf of the Board of Directors, Tashi Delek Reinhard Wolf President of the German Bhutan Himalaya Society eV 4 Contents From the DBHG general meeting on March 21, 2015 ............. ................................... 6 Annual Report of the President Prof. Manfred Gerner ....... ......................................... 6 The new DBHG board introduces itself ................................. .................................. 9 DBHG Honorary President Manfred Gerner presents a new series of stamps in Bhutan ..... ... 11 A new research project of the DBHG to preserve the written culture in Bhutan (Gregor Verhufen) ............................... .................................................. ................................. 13 contributions to Bhutan Day 2015 ............ .................................................. ................................. 15 Tourism in Bhutan currently. The development of a successful industry (Manfred Gerner) ......................................... .................................................. ................. 15 Sharing My Plain Thoughts! (Sonam Choden) .............................................. .................. 19 Tourism - a strategic sector for Bhutan (Dorji Wangchuk) .................... .......................... 20 Limericks (DBHG Honorary President Kulessa) ................. .................................................. . 22 From the work of the DBHG ........................................... .................................................. ......... 24 meeting of the European Bhutanese societies in Middelburg / Netherlands (Margarethe Roßkopf) ............................ .................................................. ...................... 24 Visit of Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay to Brussels (Manfred Kulessa) ................ 26 Articles on Bhutan .............................................. .................................................. ............... 28 Politics, economics and law ............................. .................................................. ............ 28 Nature & Environment .. .................................................. .................................................. ........ 31 Tourism ........................................ .................................................. ............................. 33 Social & Health ................. .................................................. ................................ 33 Post & Transport .............. .................................................. ............................................ 34 Flora & Fauna .. .................................................. .................................................. .......... 37 Culture & Religion .................................... .................................................. ....................... 38 Literature and Book Reviews ....................... .................................................. ......... 41 Bhutan Quiz ..................................... .................................................. ....................... ............ 42 5 Annual Report of the President Prof. Manfred Gerner on the occasion of the General Assembly on March 21, 2015 The year 2014 in Bhutan was also characterized by rapid developments. In Bhutan you can see the developments and also feel them physically, e.g. with the rapid growth of Thimphu, which already extends far beyond Simthoka, or the huge road construction projects, such as between the DochuLa and Lobesa. One of our successful activities was the 2014 Bhutan Day with the initially exotic theme of “Magi and Modernity”, which is then reflected in the contributions by Gregor Verhufen, Dr. Irmela Harz and the rapporteur proved to be very realistic. That is why we have summarized the lectures in a Thunlam Special 1/2014 and have thus met many members' requests. The outgoing and the new president of the DBHG: Reinhard Wolf (left) in conversation with Manfred Gerner (right). Ambassador Sonam Tshong in the background. Photo: Sabine Wolf And to stick with the “printed”: We were also able to complete the chronicle of our company under the title “Chronicle of a successful development” over 40 years from 1984 to 2014 and send it to all of you. Finally, thanks to the joint efforts of Gregor Verhufen and the editorial committee, it was also possible to bring out Thunlam 2/2014 at the end of the year. This section of our work also includes the fact that the reporter succeeded in preparing a series of stamps on Drupthob Thangtong Gyalpo with the help of a sponsor from Switzerland and the Bhutanese Post. The block and the miniature sheet with 8 stamps should be published in an edition of 10,000 sheets by the end of April if possible. And the band that Klaus Bronny wrote also belongs to this complex: “The Coinage of Bhutan”. The book is hard work that is second to none. With the representation and description of many 100 Bhutanese coins, the result is now the standard work on Bhutanese numismatics. 6 Project work to preserve Bhutan's historical heritage has progressed on many levels. We contributed 5,000 euros to the king's collective account for the reconstruction of the burned down Wangdi dzong. We supported the activities of the royal family on the Dochu-La, the 108 chortens, the WangchukLhakhang and especially the Dochu-La Tsechu on December 13th with 2000 euros. The project of securing work on the Membartso is about to begin and should be completed this year. We also want to support Ms. Sonam Choden, a Bhutanese scholarship holder - who is still one of our guests today - in her Tibetan studies. Due to changed considerations in Bhutan, we had to forego the project to digitize the historical documents of Bhutan after a long start-up period and a lot of preparatory work. Gregor Verhufen has established connections with the State Archives on a new project for the development of script and calligraphy "Preservation of Bhutan's Traditional Calligraphic, Xylographic and Print Culture". The tests - to what extent we can "handle" this project are currently in full swing and we hope to be able to tell you more about this soon. We had to travel a lot to be active for Bhutan. On the subject of travel, I should like to mention that all travel expenses are borne personally by the board members. Several board members traveled to the meeting of the European Bhutanese societies from October 2nd to 4th in Middelburg in Holland and pursued our, but more Bhutanese, interests there. The undersigned made project trips to Bhutan in June and a second time from the end of October to the beginning of November 2014 to discuss, plan and advance the Membartso project. The division of responsibilities on the board is well established so that we can solve difficult tasks successfully. As managing director, Klaus Bronny was responsible for the 5 board appointments and invitations as well as for all correspondence with all inquiries. Mr. Bronny was able to determine the increasing interest in Bhutan, e.g. through many inquiries about how to get to Bhutan or how one can work in Bhutan e.g. as a doctor. In many cases, the questions relate to “other journeys”. The managing director particularly positively emphasized the development of our membership numbers. Margarethe Rosskopf, Vice President and Treasurer, has worked her way through finances and this should be emphasized because it was difficult to earn money not only because of the introduction of the Sepa procedure, but also because of a number of conditions, such as the discontinuation of the project to the historical ones Documents, including spending money, was difficult. Reinhard Wolf managed our events with brilliance, especially our Bhutan Day on March 29, 2014 in the house of the Evangelical Church in Bonn. The work began with the first program considerations for the Momos of Himalayak and extended to the special edition of Thunlam. 80 participants, including many guests, starting with a large Bhutanese delegation, led by His Excellency Ambassador Sonam Tshong with his wife were the thanks for the effort. Reinhard Wolf also played an active role in long-term tasks, such as the creation of the chronicle. Miss Dr. Irmela Harz has made a name for herself in all areas of board work through her help. Likewise, with a lot of detailed work and the contact to the city of Bonn because of our conference room, Dr. Manfred Kulessa contributed to the success. Miss Dr. Henriette Madaus played a leading role with her colleagues Margarethe Rosskopf and Reinhard Wolf in our new "Instrument" editorial committee, but also accompanied the development of our new website with the web designer. Gregor Verhufen is responsible for the Thunlam, in this case for issue 2/2014, but also, and crucially, for a possible future project on the calligraphy of Bhutan. Like all other board members, he was involved in general board work, the meetings and the preparation and follow-up work, and in promoting the DBHG. I would like to thank all members of the board of directors and I particularly appreciate the time they put in. I have made the annual report brief because today - in the normal three-year rhythm - we want to re-elect our company's board of directors. I have to inform you that for reasons 7 increasing age I am no longer running for the position of President of the German Bhutan Himalayan Society. Our managing director, Mr. Klaus Bronny, is also no longer available for board work, but may be available for other tasks. For 29 years I worked in the German Bhutan Himalaya Society for the members and for Bhutan: 8 years as a member, 9 years as Vice President and 12 years as President. I have replaced Mr. Siegfried Kretschmar as Vice President. In the row of presidents I was the third after Fritz Hermanns, the chairman of the board of the Kölner Sparkasse and Dr. Manfred Kulessa from the diplomatic service. As a member, I started active work in 1987 and contested an evening event with the contribution “Bhutan, Architecture in the Land of the Dragon Kings”. For many years I put my stamp on the work, especially with the aim of helping Bhutan and, above all, to make this clear and tangible to the Bhutans. But I also wanted to help create something lasting: that led to the cultural preservation projects in Bhutan, meanwhile an impressive series with more than 12 major renovation successes such as the Bjee Samten Choling Lhakhang, the Drakten Lhakhang, a mill near Ura or the Chuckchi Lhakhang in Thump. Working with all of them in, with and for Bhutan gave me a lot of pleasure, our successes were the thanks for that. However, we have only achieved success because we worked together as a good team, which is why I would once again like to thank my colleagues on the Board of Management. But I would also like to thank all the members who have taken part in our activities in various ways, and finally I also thank everyone who traveled with me to Bhutan and in this way contributed to the goals of the German Bhutan Himalayan Society. I hope that I can continue to work successfully for Bhutan. Chairman of the board, Prof. Manfred Gerner, is saying goodbye to the board of the DBHG. Photo: Sabine Wolf 8 The new board of directors of the DBHG introduces itself The general meeting of the DBHG e.V. elected a new board of directors at the general meeting on March 21st, 2015 Reinhard Wolf (President) Studies of Forest Sciences; Has been working in development cooperation at the German Society for Technical / International Cooperation (GTZ / GIZ) since 1983. Initially 10 years in Africa, from 1997 to 2002 stay in Bhutan; Headed the project “Sustainable Management of Natural Resources in Punakha and Wangdi Phodrang”. Since 2002 at GTZ / GIZ headquarters in Eschborn; works in the field of international climate policy and oversees projects on environmental and resource protection, especially in Asia. Member of the society since 2003; Member of the board since 2009. Margarethe Roßkopf (Vice-President, Treasurer) Asia Advisor - study of theology, history and medical history / ethics / legal clerkship. Since 1987 she has worked as a country officer for various aid organizations. Focus region: Asia, currently mainly Southeast and East Asia. Regular trips to the various regions of Asia. Member of the company since 2003, member of the executive board since 2005. Dr. Irmela Harz (Management) * Studied agricultural sciences at the Justus-Liebig University in Gießen and the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences in Vienna. Doctorate in agricultural sciences in 1987. Since 1988 participation in development cooperation projects in Peru, Guatemala and Asia. Most recently for two EU projects in Bhutan on the subject of medicinal plants for traditional "gso-ba-rig-pa" medicine. Co-founder of Bio Bhutan in 2005. Development of marketable natural products and preparation of the first independent certification according to EU guidelines. Member of the Bhutanese Society since 2002. Dr. Henriette Madaus studied medicine, general practitioner and classical homeopathy; active in his own practice with a focus on homeopathy and ear acupuncture; Travel to a wide variety of regions, often to Asian countries. Member of the company since 2007 and member of the board since 2012.Responsibilities: general, collaboration in the newsletter and website. Gregor Verhufen Degree / MA in Tibetology, Comparative Religious Studies and Indian Art History at the University of Bonn. Edited there the seminar journal "Central Asian Studies". Regular trips to Bhutan to work on a project in the national library of Bhutan to catalog the Tibetan book collections (together with a colleague from the University of Leipzig). Member of the company since 2003, member of the board since 2003. Responsibilities: scientific advice and maintenance of contacts in Bhutan. The outgoing president, Prof. Manfred Gerner, was appointed honorary president. We look forward to next to Dr. Manfred Kulessa to have a second honorary president, who will continue to support the incumbent board with advice and action. * Please note: With the new management, the DBHG also has a new address for the office: c / o Dr. Irmela Harz Am Kirchgarten 7 65795 Hattersheim a.M. Tel. 06190 - 926 1717 [email protected]