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Bangladesh

General

Official name of the state

People's Republic of Bangladesh.

Capital

Dhaka.

geography

Bangladesh borders West Bengal (India) to the west and northwest, Assam and Meghalaya (India) to the north, Assam and Tripura (India) to the east and Myanmar (formerly Burma) to the southeast. 15% of the land is forested. Bamboo, mango trees and palm trees grow in the lowlands. Most of Bangladesh consists of lowlands on the lower reaches and in the delta of the Ganges and Brahmaputra and their numerous tributaries. Forested hills predominate in the east of the country. About a seventh of the country is under water and large parts of the country are regularly flooded.

government

Republic (in the Commonwealth) since 1991. Constitution of 1972, last amended in 1996. Parliament (Jatiya Sangsad) with 300 members who are directly elected. Legislative period: 5 years. Independent since 1971 (formerly part of British India, then part of Pakistan).

Head of state

Abdul Hamid, since April 2013.

Head of government

Hasina Wajed, since 2009.

electricity

220 V, 50 Hz. Plugs are two- or three-pole; occasionally there are power outages.

Time zone

Bangladesh Standard Time: CET +7

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getting there

Arriving by plane

Bangladesh's national airline is called Biman Bangladesh Airlines (BG) (Internet: www.biman-airlines.com), which also flies from Europe in cooperation with other airlines and serves London, Milan and Rome, among others. Further connections exist with Emirates (EK) over Dubai.

Departure fee

300 Tk (mostly included in the ticket price) and 800-2,500 Tk exit tax.

Arrival by car

There are border crossings between Bangladesh and India at Benopol (towards Kolkata), which is the most used, as well as at Chiliharti (to Darjeeling) and Tamabil-Dawki (to Shillong). You should inquire about the opening times of the border crossings well in advance. Heavy monsoon rains often make the roads impassable in summer. There is currently no way to reach Bangladesh by land from Myanmar.

Bus:
A daily bus service between Dhaka and Kolkata operates via Benapol. Further information is available from Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (Tel: (02) 955 55 53).

Arriving by train

There is a direct train connection between Dhaka and Kolkata (India) twice a week.
In the case of transfer connections, bicycle rickshaws, buses or porters help you cross the border to the connecting train.

Arrival by ship

Ferries from Myanmar and India go to the southern coastal cities, the main port is Chittagong.

On the go

Traveling by plane

Biman Bangladesh Airlines (BG) (Internet: www.biman-airlines.com),GMG Airlines (Z5) (www.gmgairlines.com) and United Airways (BD) (www.uabdl.com). connect Dhaka regularly with the other big cities. Domestic flights are quite cheap and most routes have 2-3 weekly flights.

Flight times

from Dhaka to other cities in Bangladesh (approximate hours and minutes):

planetrainBus / car
Chittagong0.356.006.00
Sylhet0.307.007.00
Rajshahi0.4512.0013.00
Khulna-10.00-
Rangpur-11.3011.30
Dinajpur-12.0013.00
Jessore0.309.00-
Traveling by car / bus

The main traffic routes have a total length of 6240 km, of which around 4000 km are paved roads. Any town in the country can be reached by car, but the journey can be long and accidents are common. Ferries often have to be used. There is left-hand traffic.

buses
the Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) (Tel: (2) 955 55 53; Internet: www.brtc.gov.bd) connect all major cities; fares are usually low.

Taxis
are only available at the airport and in front of large hotels. Prices should be agreed before departure.

Rental car
can be rented at the airport, at the tourist office and in the large hotels (with a chauffeur recommended).

Documents:
International driving licence. Minimum age 18 years.

Traveling in the city

The overcrowded buses run in Dhaka Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation. The Central Bus Station (Fulbaria or Gulistan) is on Station Road. Long-distance buses primarily stop at the other bus stations. The lettering on the buses and stops is mostly in the local language. There are around 10,000 private “auto rickshaws” (three-wheel taxis), but you shouldn't use them at night. Conventional taxis are also available.

On the go by train on site

The route network of the Bangladesh Railway (Tel: (2) 935 86 34; Internet: www.railway.gov.bd) has a total length of 2800 km and connects all major cities. Several trains run daily on the main route from Dhaka to Chittagong, some with air-conditioned cars. Express trains run between major cities. Trains are rather slow, but on time. River ferries (s. ship) connect the individual rail lines (due to the geographical location, rails cannot be laid everywhere). Although the rail service has improved, accidents sometimes occur. You should avoid driving at night.

On the way by ship

Ferries run between the coastal cities in the south and the Ganges Delta (Dhaka, Narayanganj, Chandpur, Barisal, Mongla and Khulna); Crossings should be booked well in advance. Details from the local port authorities.

The navigable waterways have a total length of 8,433 km. So-called "rocket" ferries and motor boats operate on the rivers Bangladesh Inland Waterway Transport Corporation (Tel: (2) 955 97 79; Internet: www.biwtc.gov.bd). There are three price ranges on the "Rocket" ferries.

A ferry runs from Dhaka to Khulna six times a week (journey time: 28 hours). The ferries are often overcrowded and accidents occur.

Travel warning

overviewBangladesh

Security advice from the Federal Foreign Office:
Status: 01/13/2017
Unchanged valid since: January 9th, 2017

Current information

At the beginning of July 2016 there was a terrorist attack with hostage-taking in a restaurant in Dhaka that is popular with foreigners, which was ended the following day by local security forces. According to the government, 20 hostages lost their lives.

There is still an increased risk of attacks, in particular against foreigners or in places that they prefer to visit. Due to the persistent threat situation, travelers across the country are advised to be particularly vigilant and to restrict their movements in public spaces to the necessary extent. Large gatherings of people as well as meeting points and events frequented by foreigners should be avoided. We still advise against visiting restaurants and hotels that do not have adequate safety precautions (e.g. security guards, emergency exits). It is recommended that you follow the media coverage and keep yourself informed about these safety notices.Country-specific safety instructions

In September / October 2015, three attacks were carried out on foreign nationals. In addition, local sympathizers of the so-called "Islamic State" have committed themselves to several deadly attacks on bloggers, scientists, homosexuals and members of religious minorities who are critical of religion. The acts have not yet been cleared up.

Fixed movement patterns should be broken, especially in rural areas, where western-looking people are particularly conspicuous. Travelers are recommended to keep themselves informed about the security situation. Reference is made to the global security notice from the Federal Foreign Office.

Travel over land

Traveling to the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) is associated with high administrative hurdles. You must be notified in advance by writing to the Deputy Commissioner and the Superintendent of Police of the respective district, stating the exact passport details and the purpose of the trip / itinerary. A sufficient number of copies of both letters and the original passport should be carried with you when entering the CHT area because of the identity checks. In addition, armed unrest and criminal attacks can still occur, particularly in the three districts of Rangamati, Khagrachari and Bandarban.

It is not advisable to travel overland after dark. Even during the day, traffic is dangerous due to the poor condition of roads and vehicles and the risky driving behavior of buses and trucks. Due to the lack of doctors and emergency vehicles, help cannot be expected quickly in the event of an accident. The local hospitals are not adequately equipped.

Especially in the storm-prone season (October / November and April / May), the use of the ship and ferry connections, especially in the southern and central part of the country, should be avoided because of the high risk of accidents due to overcrowding, technical defects of the ships and sudden storms.

crime

When using public transport, it is generally advisable to be particularly vigilant about theft and assault.

Beggars and hawkers at major intersections pose a risk. Especially when they appear in groups, attempts are made to steal objects from the car through open car windows or unlocked doors.

In the residential areas preferred by foreigners, the Federal Foreign Office also advises against walking on the street after dark or using a rickshaw / CNG. The use of rickshaws is also not recommended during the day. In Dhaka, (burglary) crime also occurs in the residential areas of Gulshan, Baridhara and Banani.

Natural disasters

Bangladesh is at risk of earthquakes. From mid-June to mid-October, due to the climate, floods must be expected; in the southern third of the country, from October to November and mid-April to mid-May, cyclones as well.

Worldwide safety notice Please also note the external link, opens in new window, worldwide security notice.

Health care

Notes vaccinations

[1] A vaccination certificate against Yellow fever is required of all travelers (including infants) who arrive by air or sea and who have been in an infection area designated by the WHO as well as in Botswana, Malawi, Mauritania, Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Trinidad and Tobago or were in transit through an infected area. Anyone entering the country without this certificate must be expected to be quarantined for six days or, in the case of transit flights, to be restricted to the area of ​​the airport. This does not apply to travelers who have not left the transit area in the infected areas, as well as transit passengers in Bangladesh who continue to fly on the same aircraft.

[2] A vaccination certificate against cholera is not an entry requirement, but there may be a risk of infection. No cases of cholera are currently reported. Since the effectiveness of the vaccination is controversial, it is advisable to seek medical advice in good time before starting your journey. In order to protect yourself, one should apply careful drinking water and food hygiene.

[3]malariaProtection is required all year round with the exception of the capital Dhaka. There is a medium risk in the Chittagong region (in the eastern border areas with Myanmar and India) and in the north-eastern border areas with India (Meghalaya). The more dangerous form Plasmodium falciparum (45% occurrence) is resistant to chloroquine and sulfadoxine / pyrimethamine in the southeast. It is advisable to find out about the necessary prophylaxis at least one month before the trip.

[4] Nationwide there is an increased risk of infection for various Infectious diseases (e.g. hepatitis A, typhus, bacterial dysentery, amoebic dysentery, lambliasis, worm diseases) that are transmitted through contaminated food or drinks. Therefore, careful food and drinking water hygiene measures should always be carried out. In general, water should either be boiled or otherwise sterilized or bought packaged before being used for drinking, brushing teeth and making ice cubes. When purchasing packaged water, care should be taken to ensure that the original packaging has not been opened.

Milk is not pasteurized and must be boiled. The consumption of pork, raw salads and mayonnaise as well as dairy products made from uncooked milk should be avoided. Meat and fish dishes should only be eaten well cooked and served hot. Vegetables should be boiled and fruits peeled. Warnings are given against eating and buying food from cheap street restaurants and markets.

Other risks

The one transmitted by mosquitoes Dengue fever happens. An effective insect repellent is recommended.

The one caused by insects also occurs nationwide Filariasis on. Travelers reduce the risk of transmission if they use an effective insect repellent.

Nationwide there is an increased risk of infection for Hepatitis A. hepatitis B is endemic. A hepatitis A vaccination is advisable. In the case of long-term stays or special exposure, hepatitis B vaccination should be considered.

HIV / AIDS is a problem. There is a risk of infection: sexual contacts, unclean syringes or cannulas and blood transfusions can pose a life-threatening risk. According to the latest information from the WHO, around three quarters of all syringes used for medical purposes in Bangladesh are not adequately disinfected.

The Japanese encephalitis occurs mainly from July to December in rural and suburban regions. Vaccination is recommended.

rabies occurs nationwide. The main carrier of rabies is the dog. A vaccination is recommended for backpackers, children, occupational risk groups and for longer stays. Get medical help as soon as possible in the event of bite wounds.

Bird flu

After its first appearance in the vicinity of Dhaka at the end of February 2007, the highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by influenza A (H5N1) continued to spread in Bangladesh. By the end of 2007, numerous local outbreaks had been reported in commercial and private poultry holdings from various parts of the country. No human diseases have been known to date.

Travelers should stay away from poultry and avoid all contact with live and dead animals. The consumption of raw poultry dishes and eggs should be avoided. Poultry dishes and eggs can be enjoyed well cooked without hesitation.
In general, as a precautionary measure, thorough cleaning of the hands with soap and water or alcoholic hand disinfectant solutions is recommended.

money

currency

1 taka = 100 poisha. Currency abbreviation: Tk, BDT (ISO code). Banknotes are in circulation with a value of 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 Tk. Coins in denominations of 5, 2 and 1 TK as well as 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 Poisha.

Credit cards

Eurocard, Diners Club, MasterCard and American Express are accepted to a limited extent in the capital and larger cities. Details from the issuer of the respective credit card.
 

ATMs

ec / Maestro card / Sparcard

Attention: Travelers who pay with their bank card abroad and want to withdraw money should find out about the possibilities of using their card from their bank before starting their journey.

ATMs can be found in most banks in larger cities.

Bank opening times

Sa-Wed 9 a.m.-3 p.m., Thu 9 a.m.-1 p.m.

Foreign exchange regulations

The import of the national currency may not exceed 100 Tk. From the equivalent of US $ 5000, there is a declaration obligation for the import of foreign currencies. The export of the national currency is allowed up to 100 Tk. The export of foreign currencies may not exceed the amounts declared on arrival, minus the exchange amounts (proof).

Currency Exchange

Every currency exchange must be noted on an appropriate form. Businesses in the big cities often offer a better exchange rate than banks.
Hotel bills and flight tickets abroad must be paid in foreign currency.

language

overview

The official language is Bengali (Bangla). English is the language of business and education.

Public Holidays

annotation

Buddhist festivals are based on local astronomical calculations and the dates cannot be given in advance.

The dates given for Islamic holidays are calculated according to the lunar calendar and therefore shift from year to year.

During the fasting month of Ramadan, which precedes the festival day Eid al-Fitr, Muslims are forbidden to eat, drink or smoke from sunrise to sunset therefore there may be restrictions for travelers.

Many restaurants outside the hotels are closed during the day and the consumption of alcohol and cigarettes is only possible to a limited extent or Some of them are strictly forbidden, even for non-Muslim vacationers. In hotel complexes it must be expected that meals and drinks may only be consumed in the hotel restaurant or in the room during Ramadan.

Travelers should expect increased sensitivity in religious matters as well as in questions of respecting Islamic traditions.

Some interruptions can also occur during Eid al-Fitr. This festival, like the Eid al-Adha, has no specific duration and can last 2-10 days depending on the region.

annotation

Buddhist festivals are based on local astronomical calculations and the dates cannot be given in advance.

The dates given for Islamic holidays are calculated according to the lunar calendar and therefore shift from year to year.

During the fasting month of Ramadan, which precedes the festival day Eid al-Fitr, Muslims are forbidden to eat, drink or smoke from sunrise to sunset therefore there may be restrictions for travelers.

Many restaurants outside the hotels are closed during the day and the consumption of alcohol and cigarettes is only possible to a limited extent or Some of them are strictly forbidden, even for non-Muslim vacationers. In hotel complexes it must be expected that meals and drinks may only be consumed in the hotel restaurant or in the room during Ramadan.

Travelers should expect increased sensitivity in religious matters as well as in questions of respecting Islamic traditions.

Some interruptions can also occur during Eid al-Fitr. This festival, like the Eid al-Adha, has no specific duration and can last 2-10 days depending on the region.

Duty-free shopping

overview

The following items can be imported into Bangladesh duty-free (people over 18 years of age):

200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 227 grams of tobacco;
2 bottles of spirits (only for non-Muslims and tourists. Other non-Muslim travelers: 1 bottle);
250 ml of perfume and eau de toilette;
Gifts worth up to Tk 500.
The customs form issued upon entry must be kept until departure.

Import restrictions

An import permit from the Ministry of the Interior is required for all types of weapons and ammunition, as well as for flammable chemicals.

The import of gold, silver and other precious stones / jewelry is notifiable and customs duty (approx. € 52 per 100 grams of gold, approx. € 1.10 per 100 grams of silver), a maximum of 10kg may be imported.

Prohibited imports

Pornographic products and drugs. Travelers who need to take certain medications should carry a medical certificate in English.

economy

Business etiquette

Tropical suits or shirts and ties are usually appropriate. A suit should be worn for appointments with government officials. Appointments and business cards are common. October through May is the best time to travel on business.

Business hours:
Sa-Thu 9 am-5pm; Authorities: Sa-Thu 8 a.m.-2.30 p.m.

economy

Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce & Industry
PO Box 2079, 60 Motijheel Commercial Area, BD-Dhaka 1000
Tel: (02) 956 01 02.
Internet: www.fbcci-bd.org

Business contacts

Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce & Industry
PO Box 2079, 60 Motijheel Commercial Area, BD-Dhaka 1000
Tel: (02) 956 01 02.
Internet: www.fbcci-bd.org

communication

phone

Limited international direct dialing.

Cellphone

GSM 900 cellular network with coverage in larger cities, including main providers Grameen Phone (Internet: www.grameenphone.com), Aktel (Internet: www.aktel.com) and Mobile 2000.

Internet

Internet access in larger cities; there are some internet cafes. Some hotels in Dhaka and Cittagong also have connections that are primarily available to their guests. Service providers include Proshikanet (Internet: www.proshikanet.com) and BanglaNet (Internet: www.bangla.net).

post

Airmail to Europe takes 3-4 days, by land it takes several months. Blue mailboxes are for airmail, red for overland mail.

radio

Since the use of shortwave frequencies changes several times over the course of a year, it is advisable to contact the customer service department directly for the current frequencies Deutsche Welle (Tel: (+49) (0228) 429 32 08. Internet: www.dw-world.de).

shop

overview

Fabrics, silk, saris, coconut shell masks, bamboo articles, mother-of-pearl jewelry, pink pearls, leather goods, wood and wickerwork. Especially in Dhaka there are many good craft shops, including in hotels and at the airport. Shop opening times: Sa-Thu 9 a.m.-8 p.m., Fr 9 a.m.-12.30 p.m. and 2 p.m.-8 p.m. (shops in tourist centers are often open longer). Some shops are closed on Fridays.

nightlife

introduction

Only the bars of the exclusive hotels are available for evening entertainment, as there are no night clubs. Local dance and music performances often take place during religious festivals. There are theaters in all major cities, in Dhaka the Mohanagor Natya Mancha was recently opened.

accommodation

Hotels

There are few good hotels, most of them in Dhaka, Chittagong and Cox's Bazar. Hotel bills are paid either in cash or by travelers check. Several modern hotels in Bangladesh are the Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (see Addresses) connected.

Culture

religion

83% Muslims (mostly Sunnis), 16% Hindus, Buddhist and Christian minorities. Islam has been the state religion since 1988.

Social rules of conduct


In the host's house you sit cross-legged on a cushion or sofa, but it is considered a gross insult to show the soles of your feet. Small gifts are gladly accepted. Donations of money are considered an insult. Religious customs and traditions should be observed and respected. Women should wear pants or long skirts. When visiting religious places of worship, you should generally wear restrained clothing (keep your arms and legs covered). Taking photos: Residents of rural areas are not used to tourists, so you should always ask if you can take photos. Under no circumstances should you photograph women without their consent. Photographing military installations is not permitted. Tip: 10% for hotel and restaurant staff and 5% for taxi drivers.

climate

Best travel time

Tropical and very hot, monsoon rains occur in the months of April to October. During this time the temperatures are highest. From November to March it is a little cooler. Main seasons: winter (Nov. - Feb.), pre-monsoon season (March - May), monsoon (June - Sept.) and post-monsoon (Oct. - Nov.).

Country data

prefix +880 Area (qkm) 143998 population 168957745 Population density (per square km) 1173 Population in the year 2015 Member of the EU No Main emergency number 199