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Recently, magnetic nanostructures have gained a remarkable interest for basic research and applied studies. Because of their low cost and ease of manufacture and modification, they have great potential for agricultural and environmental applications. The use of magnetic nanostructures has been proven in a wide range of fields including catalysis, biotechnology, biomedicine, magnetic resonance imaging, agriculture, biosensors, and removal of environmental pollutants, among others.ÿÿThis book includes 16 chapters of collected knowledge, discoveries, and applications in agriculture, soil remediation, and water treatment. It describes the role of nano-agriculture with regard to food security and discusses environmental and agricultural protection concerns. It further offers potential applications of magnetic nanomaterials in the agriculture and food sectors, such as the development of sensors, environment monitoring for wastewater treatment and the remediation of contaminated soils. Increasing crop yield through the use of nanopesticides or nanofertilizers and biosecurity using sensors for detecting pathogens along the entire food chain are discussed as well.ÿThis book also brings together various sources of expertise on different aspects magnetic nanostructure application in the agri-food sector and environment remediation. Magnetic nanostructures also have great potential in biotechnological processes, as they can be utilized as a carrier for enzymes during different biocatalytic transformations. Novel magnetic nanomaterials can be used for detection and separation of pesticides from environmental and biological samples. The excellent adsorption capacity of the modified magnetic nanoadsorbents together with other advantages such as reusability, easy separation, environmentally friendly composition, and freedom of interferences of alkaline earth metal ions make them suitable adsorbents for removal of heavy metal ions from environmental and industrial wastes. One of the most important environmental applications of magnetic nanostructures has been in the treatment of water, whether in the remediation of groundwater or through the magnetic separation and / or sensing of contaminants present in various aqueous systems. The integrated combination of these 16 chapters, written by experts with considerable experience in their area of ​​research, provides a comprehensive overview on the synthesis, characterization, application, environmental processing, and agriculture of engineered magnetic nanostructures. Its comprehensive coverage discusses how nanostructure materials interact in plants as well as their potential and useful applications.
Table of Contents
Preface
1. Nanomagnetism, phenomena and applications
Abdelmoez Hussein, School of Metallurgy and Materials, Birmingham University, Edgbaston B15 2TT, Birmingham, England, E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
2. Magnetic nanoparticles as probe tools for biological and environmental systems applications
Oumarou Savadogo, Department of Chemical Engineering, ... Polytechnique Montre'al, C.P. 6079, Succursale Center-ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3A7, Canada, E-mail: [email protected]
3. Pesticide degradation from contaminated soil by using Biobgenic and Magnetic nano-structures
Tejomyee Bhalerao, School of Life Sciences, North Maharashtra University, P.B. No. 80, Jalgaon, Maharashtra 425001, India, E-mail: [email protected]
4. Magnetic nanoparticles: a new unique gene delivery system in plant science
Mohamed A. Mohamed, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia-IBMCP / (UPV-CSIC), Spain; Plant Pathology Research Institute-Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Cairo, Egypt; Email: [email protected]
5.       
Mohamed A. Mohamed
Molecular Mechanism of Plant-magnetic Nanoparticle Interactions
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia-IBMCP / (UPV-CSIC), Spain.
Plant Pathology Research Institute-Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Cairo, Egypt
Email: [email protected]
6.       
Camel Abd-Elsalam
Micro / Nano Biochar for Sustainable Plant Health: Present Status and Future Prospects
Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Egypt
Unit of Excellence in Nano-Molecular Plant Pathology Research Center - Plant Pathology Research Institute, 9 Gamaa St., 12619 Giza, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
7.       
Theivasanthi T.
Magnetic nanoparticles as plant growth promoting agents.
International Research Center
Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil - 626126, INDIA
Email: [email protected]
8.       
Poonam Nehra
Antimicrobial activity of magnetic nanoparticles
School of Biomedical Engineering
National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
Email: [email protected]
9.       
Mubarak Mujawar
Magnetic Nano adsorbents for Heavy Metals
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University, Sarawak, 98009, Malaysia
Email: [email protected]; [email protected]
10.   
Malik Badshah
Impact of magnetic nanoparticles on biofuels production
Department of Microbiology
Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, 45320, Pakistan
Email: [email protected]
11.   
Siavash Iravani
Bio-based synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles and their applications
Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Email: [email protected]
12.   
Kanti Bhooshan Pandey
Plant mediated synthesis, applications and challenges of magnetic nanostructures
CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute
Gijubhai Badheka Marg,
Bhavnagar-364002, Gujarat
Email: [email protected]
13.   
Iffat Naz
Water purification using magnetic nanomaterials
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Bosan Road, Multan 60800, Pakistan Email: [email protected]
14.   
Muhammad Zahid
Metal ferrites and their graphene based nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterization and applications in wastewater treatment
Department of Chemistry, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Email: [email protected]
15.   
Jhonatan L. Fiorio
Shape-controlled syntheses of Magnetic Nanoparticles and their Environmental Applications
Departamento de Química Fundamental, Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 748, 05508-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil)
Email: [email protected]
16.   
Shrivas, Kamlesh
Novel magnetic nanomaterials for separation and detection of pesticides from environmental and biological samples
Department of Chemistry, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Koni, Bilaspur, CG, India
Email: [email protected]
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Camel Abd-Elsalam, Ph.D. is a head researcher at Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt. Dr. Kamel's research interests include developing, improving and deploying plant biosecurity diagnostic tools, understanding and exploiting fungal pathogen genomes and developing eco-friendly hybrid nanomaterials for controlling toxicogenic fungi and plant diseases. He has published 8 book chapters, 2 books, 1 translated book and more than 120 research articles in international peer-reviewed journals including Fungal Diversity, Fungal Biology, FEMS Review Microbiology, PLOS One and PLOS Genetics. Dr. Kamel has also served as molecular mycologist for 5 years in the Department Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. He received the Federation of Arab Scientific Research Councils Prize for distinguished scientific research in biotechnology (fungal genomics) during 2014 (first ranking). Dr. Kamel has pursued his Ph.D. in Molecular Plant Pathology from Christian Alberchts University of Kiel (Germany) and Suez Canal University (Egypt) and was awarded postdoctoral fellowship from Christian Alberchts University of Kiel in 2008. Dr. Kamel served as Visiting Associate Professor at the Institute of Excellence in Fungal Research, Mae Fah Luang University, Thailand; Institute of Microbiology, TUM, Germany; Laboratory of Phytopathology, Wageningen University, The Netherlands; and Plant Protection Department, Sassari University, Italy.
Mohamed A. Mohamed, Ph.D. is currently a researcher at Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Egypt. He was granted a scholarship to study his Ph.D. at Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas (IBMCP), University Politecnica of Valencia (CSIC-UPV) Department of biotechnology, Spain. He studied nanoscience at the Valencia Nanophotonics Technology Center (NTC), Universitat Politecnica de Valenciahe. Dr. Mohamed then extended his Ph.D. research work to study at the School of Chemistry, Metropolitan Manchester University (United Kingdom). His research interests include molecular-nanotechnology and gene delivery using smart nano-delivery systems to fight microbial plant pathogens. He successfully constructed an ultra-sensitive nanosensor microbial detection device. Dr. Mohamed has many international publications to his credit, including high impact research papers, book chapters and one issued patent. Dr. Mohamed has been awarded The Award of Excellence for the year 2015 in Innovative nanotechnology by the Universitat Politecnica of Valencia (UPV), Spain.
Ram Prasad, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the Amity Institute of Microbial Technology, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, India. His research interests include plant-microbe interactions, sustainable agriculture, and microbial nanobiotechnology. Dr. Prasad has more than a hundred publications to his credit, including research papers, book chapters, five patents issued or pending, and several edited or authored books. Dr. Prasad has 11 years of teaching experience and has been awarded the Young Scientist Award (2007) and Prof. JS Datta Munshi Gold Medal (2009) by the International Society for Ecological Communications, the FSAB fellowship (2010) by the Society for Applied Biotechnology, the Outstanding Scientist Award (2015) in the field of microbiology by Venus International Foundation, and the American Cancer Society UICC International Fellowship for Beginning Investigators (USA, 2014). In 2014-2015, Dr. Prasad served as Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Johns Hopkins University, USA.