What is normal for INFPs, but not for INTPs

Be aware of yourself

INTPs are generally in good hands in all areas where innovative and independent thinking are desirable qualities. They belong to the rarer of the 16 types and should be aware of their less common demands when choosing a career. That doesn't necessarily mean that conventional professional careers are out of the question. INTPs who apply their strengths without neglecting their weaknesses can be successful in a variety of professions. However, the chances of job satisfaction are significantly higher if your own strengths can serve as a spring bed. In this respect, every profession that an INTP chooses should enable long-term personal growth and offer spiritual stimulation.

INTPs usually have the following demands on their professional activity:

  • The work must present an intellectual challenge and offer the opportunity to develop creative solutions, such as: B. by designing and improving complex systems.
  • INTPs are mainly interested in theoretical questions. They therefore enjoy activities that offer the opportunity to think beyond the present into the future and to use their imagination.
  • INTPs like fun at work and spontaneity.
  • Since INTPs prefer theory to practice, it would make sense if they were entrusted as little as possible with routine and purely administrative tasks.
  • INTPs should also receive a lot of support in the implementation of their solutions or be able to delegate the implementation to other more capable employees.
  • The company management should encourage original and independent thinking and not be afraid of lateral thinkers. INTPs require a lot of freedom to try things out and as few restrictive structures as possible. You should therefore always be allowed to ignore the pattern F and improvise instead. It is advisable to avoid companies with rigid hierarchies.
  • INTPs need a lot of time to think carefully without interruptions from employees and unimportant tasks.
  • INTPs tend to be less interested in taking on leadership positions and making regulations for other employees.
  • The professional activity should offer sufficient opportunity to demonstrate competence. INTPs have high demands on their intellectual performance and expect a lot from others. The work should therefore promote intellectual exchange with other colleagues in a respectful and professional environment.
  • INTPs value common sense. The decision-making processes in the company must be fair and logically comprehensible for them.

INTPs typically have the following strengths:

  • INTPs are the ultimate thinkers among the rationalists. You have a keen interest in working logically and analytically.
  • As a rule, they are open to new paths beyond conventional ways of thinking, as long as these are logically understandable.
  • You have a high level of concentration and are happy to familiarize yourself with new areas in order to work on complicated issues.
  • You quickly grasp the central questions of a technical issue and are quick to offer effective solutions.
  • They are independent thinkers committed to the truth. Accordingly, they can deal objectively with criticism.
  • INTPs are able to formulate their thoughts with high precision and mostly have very good language skills.
  • They often have a good memory for facts and past events of interest to them and try to stringently incorporate this knowledge into their theories.
  • They are good strategists who offer creative problem solving. You are constantly looking for intellectual challenge - be it the first-time repair of a roof or the setting up of a foundation concept. The main thing is that the material is new and promises a learning effect.
  • Some INTPs are extremely playful and humorous and thus loosen up the atmosphere in the company.
  • They often exude a calming objectivity and can serve as an anchor in emergencies, conveying confidence.
  • INTPs are generally flexible when things turn out differently than expected.

Please note that the boundaries between weaknesses and strengths are fluid and often only the time and place of application is decisive.

INTPs tend to have the following type-specific weaknesses:

  • Weakness in implementation. INTPs rather enjoy finding the solution. Once they have solved a problem in their head, they quickly lose interest.
  • Not particularly communicative. For INTPs, finding solutions is a private pleasure. Most of the time, you're tinkering with some problem. In doing so, they develop some solutions and ideas. However, they do not necessarily think that these thoughts are of interest to others. In this way, your employer misses out on interesting ideas that would have given a project the right momentum.
  • Hardly accessible in the hot phase. When they are properly involved in a task it can be difficult to get their attention on a new project.
  • Before this phase occurs, there is a higher probability that INTPs are more likely to be subject to the accusation, too little focus on the actual task to lay.
  • Difficulty performing simple activities. INTPs show a rather paradoxical working style. If they are under-challenged, they can show significant performance drops. If the work is boring and not mind stimulating, they make more careless mistakes or complicate things unnecessarily.
  • Chaotic way of working. INTPs are much better at devising organizational systems than establishing them in their actual work environment. They are amazingly chaos-resistant when it comes to establishing order and routine at work. Therefore, working with people who value this can be difficult.
  • A team player to a limited extent It can be difficult for INTPs to submit papers as they are often very involved in the process and want to get through everything themselves. Conversely, INTPs often find it difficult to ask other people for advice or to take note of other people's advice, since it is normal for them to look for a solution themselves.
  • Absent-minded. Strongly introverted INTPs are often so in their head that they hardly notice their environment.
  • This can lead to them socially awkward are. Rarely are they deliberately rude. Often they simply do not notice that those around them are expecting certain social gestures.
  • Difficulty dealing with feelings. Many INTPs are surprisingly sensitive to their own emotions but also to the emotions of others. However, they find it difficult to adequately express these emotions through feelings. Presumably to hide the uncertainty here, they appear rather overly formal in situations where a little more expression of empathy would be necessary, such as. B. in social professions. Occasionally they overuse logic by ignoring the meaning of feelings and thereby offering logical but socially inappropriate solutions.
  • Neglect specific pending problems. INTPs usually see the challenge in the possibilities that the future offers and tend to forget to deal with the more mundane requirements of the present.

INTPs appear to be the prototype of the absent-minded professor, and in fact, many INTPs aspire to an academic career. Therefore the question arises whether INTPs do not

Should make the acquisition of knowledge a job?

Since INTPs are strongly influenced by their own interests in their knowledge acquisition, it makes sense to choose a course of study that pursues the questions that arise to the INTP and helps to clarify them. This is followed by an occupation that enables the creative application of knowledge and a further expansion of knowledge. However, this approach has at least three problems.

1. The practical suitability of one's own question

The dream job of an INTP is likely to be a paid job that gives the INTP the opportunity to think about the issues that concern it. The problem with this approach is likely to be the marketability of the product obtained from it. If the interest of an INTP is actually congruent with the knowledge demanded on the market, the question of choosing a suitable course of study should be largely easy to answer. INTPs whose interests are a bit more obscure, however, should think about alternative ways to pursue their interests and still secure their livelihood. The English-language ebook of the INTP and blogger A. J. Drenth offers assistance with the related questions. It is available for purchase directly from his website, www.personalityjunkie.com.

2. The one-sidedness of the focus

INTPs like to feel competent, and that includes the desire to completely penetrate a subject area and achieve expert status. This desire for competence is of course easier to fulfill if the focus is on a highly specialized area of ​​knowledge.
Quite a few INTPs therefore tend to have a low focus on the breadth of knowledge acquisition and rather rely on the acquisition of highly specialized expert knowledge. Ultimately, the above-mentioned problem of practicality arises here. In addition, the risk of one-sided developments must also be taken into account. On the one hand, this approach makes INTPs very dependent on the development of the market and the future demand for the specialist knowledge. Should changes in the market make the usefulness of knowledge obsolete, their livelihoods are quickly endangered. Another danger lies in the underutilization of their second function and thus a somewhat one-sided development of their personality. The extraverted intuition gives INTPs the ability to discover new interdisciplinary possibilities and encourages them to go beyond conventional knowledge to go ways and discover new things. Too little focus when choosing the field of knowledge takes the edge off this function - in other words, its actual effect. INTPs that rely on security in particular like to defuse the often personally challenging effect of their intuition by only using it to support the thought process, and this means under controlled conditions as possible, as made possible by a very narrow focus of knowledge. The concerns expressed here are in no way intended to deter people from choosing clearly defined areas of knowledge, but only to increase awareness of the motivation that may be hidden behind them. You can also find interesting explanations in English on the subject at www.personalitypage.com.

3. The variability of personal interest

For the less fearful INTPs, an interest that is too narrow in researching questions that arise to them is unlikely to be a problem. Rather, your problem is likely to be to find a course of study that nourishes your interest long enough and still arouses your interest in the future. The questions that such impulsive INTPs ask themselves today may currently fall within the scope of a particular degree, but they may already be boring in a few years, so that they are replaced by new, more interesting questions. A. J. Drenth also goes into detail about the fear of many INTPs that they would decide too early when choosing a career.

Typical occupational fields for INTPs:


Due to their pronounced interest in understanding and intellectual challenges, it seems logical to recommend a university degree to INTPs that enables them to look for a career in science, especially at the university or in a non-university research institution. When choosing a course of study and the subsequent professional activity, INTPs should bear in mind that they are less interested in adopting and following conventional lines of thought. The chosen direction as a scientist should therefore offer plenty of scope for innovative ideas and enable penetration into as yet undiscovered areas. This is more likely to be achieved in new fields of science than in established fields of research.

Jobs in the social sector?

INTPs usually report problems in getting involved in social professions with their strengths. INTPs often show interest in humanistic issues. However, they act here more as observers of the behavior of their fellow human beings. Often they also have a good idea of ​​the motivations and needs of those around them. As a rule, it is easier for them to give technical assistance than to show their feelings appropriately and to react to the emotional needs of those around them. Whenever the opportunity exists, INTPs tend to focus on factual issues within social enterprises. Quite a few INTPs work as teachers. This can be a good choice if the students are willing to learn and are more willing to think along with them. Otherwise, the repetitive teaching of learning material can also be tiring, because it requires perseverance in dealing with not so fixed students, which is often not available.

Professions in business:

INTPs easily attain expert status through intensive studies, and quite a few INTPs use their knowledge as consultants in business. Self-employment is also an option here, which enables INTPs the long-awaited autonomy.

Professions in the creative field:

Many INTPs are downright creative. As a rule, they are not the emotional artist type and have less interest in the actual creative process. It is usually the opportunity to play around with ideas and concepts and combine them in unusual ways that make INTPs choose a creative profession. Not uncommon jobs for INTP in the creative field are:

  • Graphic designer
  • writer
  • Director
  • Musician
  • photographer
  • architect
  • Designer, etc.

A wide field for many INTPs are jobs in the IT industry such as

  • Computer programmer
  • Network administrator
  • Web developer
  • SEO consultant, etc.

Quite a few INTPs work at least partially as bloggers e.g.
Lars Lorber or Svenja Hofert or as already mentioned A. J. Drenth, owner of www.personalityjunkie.com.

As I have listed individual professions, the list is neither complete nor a guarantee of professional success. I would just like to offer an insight into the professional fields that INTPs and their strengths often particularly address. In view of the variability of personal intellectual interests, it also seems pointless to name specific fields of study. It is more important to be clear about the conditions of the intended occupation in practice and to actively influence it, e.g. by consciously designing the training path and corresponding internships, which allow an early insight into the world of work and the targeted search for a job that meets your own requirements.

This post was published on by Sascha Faber in Blog. Keywords: professions, career choice, IInDW, INTP, ITLS, MBTI, personality, minister of theory.