Who are two renowned Indian architects

Pritzker Prize for the Indian Balkrishna Doshi

Balkrishna Doshi is considered an architect who can create houses for many people with few resources. Doshi has worked as an architect, urban planner and professor for more than 40 years. His achievements include the "Aranya Social Housing" in Indore, where more than 80,000 people are connected by a system of houses, courtyards and elaborate pathways like in a small town. In an interview following the announcement of this year's Pritzker Prize winner, Doshi said: "My goal is to make those who have nothing strong."

The Pritzker Prize honors Doshi for its "poetic and functional" design language

The jury called Doshi's construction "poetic and functional". She emphasized his ability to create structures that correspond to both Indian traditions and Western achievements. His work is based on the ideas of Le Corbusier and Louis Kahn. Both architects created buildings of archaic beauty and high symbolic power, but also wanted to radically renew the architecture.

It is not the first time that a contemporary architect has also been awarded the Pritzker Prize for his social commitment. The Japanese architect Shigeru Ban got it in 2014. Not only for its outstanding architecture, but also for its personal and humanitarian commitment. When building emergency shelters in crisis regions such as Rwanda, Haiti and the Philippines, Ban used inexpensive materials such as cardboard and pressed paper.

Well-rounded: the Pritzker Prize was awarded for the 40th time

The award winner was announced on Wednesday at the Hyatt Foundation in Chicago. The renowned Pritzker Prize has been awarded every year since 1979 by the American Hyatt Foundation, which was established by the entrepreneur Jay A. Pritzker (1922-1999). Pritzker has his family roots in Europe: his mother comes from Vienna, his grandparents immigrated from Russia in the 19th century. The Pritzker clan is one of the wealthiest families in the United States, with total assets estimated at $ 13.5 billion. The Hyatt hotel chain is also part of the family's financial empire. The Pritzker Prize is endowed with 100,000 US dollars (approx. 80,500 EUR).

so / rey (dpa, AFP)

  • Excellent architecture from the Pritzker Prize winners

    2021: Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal

    Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal met in the 1970s while studying in Bordeaux. They later worked in Niger, which still affects their building today. They vehemently oppose the demolition of social housing. The Palais de Tokyo exhibition building in the French capital, which opened in 2002, is one of the most famous buildings of the joint Paris office (picture).

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2020: Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara

    The portfolio of the 2020 award-winning architecture firm Grafton of the two Irish architects Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara mainly characterizes educational institutions such as the Toulouse School of Economics planned in 2009 (picture), the private business university Luigi Bocconi in Milan or the grandstand-like campus building in Lima, Peru. You also curated the Venice Biennale in 2018.

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2019: Arata Isozaki

    Arata Isozaki is "a versatile, authoritative and truly international architect" and, with his forward-looking thinking, a visionary of his generation, judged the jury of the Pritzker Prize of the Japanese architect. The most famous buildings by the 88-year-old include the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles (picture) and the Arena Palau Sant Jordi in Barcelona.

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2018: Balkrishna Doshi

    "It seems like I should take an oath and remember it for the rest of my life: to provide decent housing for the lowest class," Balkrishna Doshi once said. That was in 1954 - long before the Le Corbusier student built the Aranya residential complex in Indore, India in 1989. The aim was to create affordable living space. Today 80,000 people live there.

  • Excellent architecture from the Pritzker Prize winners

    2017: RCR Arquitectes

    "Rooted and facing the world" is their architecture. With this in mind, the jury awarded the Spanish trio the Pritzker Prize in 2017. With Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramón Vilalta, architects who are active in small towns have won. Her best-known projects include the public space at the La Lira Theater in Ripoll and the El Petit Comte kindergarten in Besalú (picture).

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2016: Alejandro Aravena

    Alejandro Aravena addresses the big questions of the present - and involves people and the environment in his projects. Social architecture that could change our world. The Innovation Center on the campus of the Catholic University in Santiago de Chile is 14 stories high (picture). The building adapts to the climate. The facade protects against sun and heat.

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2015: Frei Otto

    Frei Otto's constructions pay homage to the lightness of form and material. His most famous work is the filigree roof of the Munich Olympic Stadium (picture). Frei Otto died in 2012.

  • Excellent architecture from the Pritzker Prize winners

    2014: Shigeru Ban

    The Japanese architect was honored for his work in humanitarian crises. He built emergency shelters in Rwanda, Haiti and the Philippines. He also used unconventional materials for this. For example, he used cardboard and pressed paper in a creative way, the jury explained their decision in favor of Shigeru Ban. In France he built the Center Pompidou in Metz (picture).

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2013: Toyo Ito

    Toyo Ito built this apartment building in Barcelona on Passeig de Gràcia in 2009. With its wavy exterior cladding, it is reminiscent of the most famous son of the Catalan city: Antoni Gaudí. Such curved shapes are the trademark of the Japanese Toyo Ito, who gives his buildings something organic and physical.

  • Excellent architecture from the Pritzker Prize winners

    2012: Wang Shu

    Wang Shu was the first Chinese to receive the Pritzker Prize. According to Wang's plans, a 100-meter-high residential building was built with a small garden for each apartment. The half-sunken library of the university in Suzhou, China, reflects the traditions of Feng Shui teaching. The historical museum of Ningbo (picture) looks like a mixture of mountain and fortress.

  • Excellent architecture from the Pritzker Prize winners

    2011: Eduardo Souto de Moura

    His football stadium in Braga, Portugal, which he designed for the European Championship in 2004, is famous. Four years earlier, the Portuguese Eduardo Souto de Moura was responsible for his country's Expo pavilion. The forms of his buildings are mostly strict and withdrawn. This is also the case with the Paula Rego Museum in Cascais (picture).

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2010: Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa

    The architect Kazoyo Sejima and her partner Ryue Nishizawa from Japan form the SANAA office based in Tokyo. Its architecture is characterized by "transparent glass, fine gloss effects and blurred reflections on light surfaces", described the "Neue Zürcher Zeitung". In Germany, among other things, SANAA built a new building on the site of the Zeche Zollverein in Essen (picture).

  • Excellent architecture from the Pritzker Prize winners

    2009: Peter Zumthor

    Among the great architects of the world, the Swiss Peter Zumthor is an iron loner, known for his archaic architecture, which often goes hand in hand with the "discovery of slowness". His buildings, such as the Kolumba Museum in Cologne (picture), are characterized by the thoroughness of the craft and the respect for the location and the materials.

  • Excellent architecture by the Pritzker Prize winners

    2008: Jean Nouvel

    The French Jean Nouvel works as an architect and urban planner. Nouvel made it big with the library building of the Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris, the facade of which opens or closes depending on the incidence of light. Nouvel also built the Philharmonie de Paris, the Louvre in Abu Dhabi and the Quai Branly Museum (picture), the facade of which is overgrown with plants.

    Author: Sabine Oelze