There are apple trees in Florida
Apple tree in your own garden
Fresh fruits and vegetables from the garden? The trend of having your own kitchen garden with healthy, own fruit is becoming increasingly popular. And what shouldn't be missing in any Styrian orchard? ... the apple tree! We introduce you to 11 popular apple varieties that are grown in Styria! "Juicy, sweet and rich in vitamins"
Orchard and modern outdoor area? Yes!
Minimalist / architectural garden and near-natural garden in one? In modern architecture we see the garden as an extension of the living space. The rest of the space that is left over on larger plots can be left in its natural state and used as an orchard and flower meadow.
TIP: In smaller gardens there is often not enough space for a large apple tree. For this reason, we recommend half-trunk apple trees.
Introduction - apple tree
A Must-have For many garden owners, apples are from their own garden. Children especially love apples. Not only do they taste good, they are also healthy and contain over 30 vitamins and many valuable minerals. The more sun the apple tree gets, the more vitamins the apples become.
In addition, apples can be used in a wide variety of ways. For example, they can be eaten straight from the tree. In addition, the apples can be processed into applesauce, apple compote, apple pie and much more. Jonagold or Elstar are true all-rounders and can be used in extremely versatile ways. The Boskoop variety, on the other hand, is perfect for baked apples or apple pie.
11 popular apple varieties
Tastes are different. The same goes for apple trees. Today we introduce you to our 11 favorites. Of course there are countless other apple varieties.
The Elstar is a yellow apple that is colored red on the sunny side. The aroma of this popular apple variety is fine and juicy. The Elstar is harvested at the end of September and has a medium yield.
As already mentioned at the beginning, Elstar apples can be used in a variety of ways, such as for apple strudel, apple sauce or apple juice. Furthermore, they do not lose any taste when dehydrated, which is why they are good for apple chips.
Initially, this apple variety was only grown in Japan, but now the Fuji variety is the most widely grown apple variety worldwide.
The Fuji apples are large apples with a reddish or purple color. The apples have a very sweet taste, as the acidity almost completely disappears during storage. The crisp apples are harvested with large yields in mid to late October.
In contrast to the Elstar, the Fuji is best when it is consumed fresh. However, it is also suitable for cooking.
Next up is the Gala variety: the bright red apple originally comes from New Zealand. The apples are small to medium-sized and also have a sweet taste. Because of this, this strain is particularly popular with children.
At the same time, the fruits also have a higher vitamin C content than many other apples. The apple is also ideal for baking or compotes. The apples are harvested from the beginning to the end of September.
World famous and very old. The equally popular Golden Delicious originally comes from the USA. Incidentally, many other well-known apple varieties emerged from this variety, such as Elstar, Jonagold and Gala. The Golden Delicious is known for its significant yellow-green color and the apple itself is medium to large in size. In short, this juicy apple would be described as both sweet and flavorful. It is harvested in October, with the harvest being almost the same every year.
Basically, you can bake with the Golden Delicious, but the apple disintegrates during baking.
Once extremely popular, it has now become a rarity. - The Gravensteiner is a Danish summer apple that is harvested from the end of August to mid-September. In 2005 it was even chosen as the Danish national fruit.
What do the Gravensteiner and the company "Apple" have in common? According to legend, Steve Jobs was inspired by the Gravensteiner apple.
The yield from Gravensteiner trees is relatively small and irregular compared to other apple varieties. In addition, the trees are unfortunately sensitive to frost. Nevertheless, like the Elstar variety, the Gravensteiner can be used universally.
The Styrian Maschanzker is one of the oldest apple varieties still known today. The Edelborsdorfer variety was mentioned as early as 1127. The variety never spread outside of Styria and Carinthia. The tree of this variety grows on a standard trunk.
The Maschanzker apples are rather small to medium-sized. Mostly they are yellow and on the sunny side they turn reddish. Other than that, the taste is exceptionally sweet due to the high sugar content. Like many other varieties, this one is harvested from the end of October, with medium yields. In addition, it can be stored very well.
Incidentally, the steir is suitable. Maschanzker is extremely good for apple juices or apple chips.
Source: bmlrt.gv.at - Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism. - Steirischer Maschanzker - retrieval date: 25.03.2020
When the sun shines on the Jonagold apple, its rich, yellow color changes to a washed-out red on the sunny side. And the taste of the apple with its sweetish to slightly sour taste is always well received. You can look forward to harvest time in mid-September, because the Jonagold then bears a lot of ripe fruit.
Also versatile. - Like Elstar and Gravensteiner.
Crown Prince Rudolf - winter apple
This apple variety comes from Styria (Gleisdorf), which is why it thrives extremely well here. Crown Prince Rudolf is rather small, but is still one of the most popular apple varieties in our region. Perhaps this is due to the unmistakably sweet, possibly slightly sour taste. The harvest takes place in October, especially since it is above average every other year. In addition, Crown Prince Rudolf can be stored for a relatively long time.
The apples of the “red Boskoop” variety are rather large apples with a high acid content, that is, a rather sour-spicy taste. This apple is harvested in mid-October with an even yield.
The red boskoop is often used for baked apples or apple pie.
Relatively young & versatile. The Topaz is particularly suitable for natural cultivation. This apple is known for its orange-red color. In addition, it is firm and very juicy, and has a pleasantly sweet and sour taste.
The topaz harvest starts in September, although it is even here every year. Like the red Boskoop, the Topaz has exceptional baking properties.
white clear apple
The white clear apple originally comes from Latvia. The fruits are medium to large in size and are known for their fresh, green color. In the course of the ripening phase, they change color to a white-yellow color. The taste is relatively mild, slightly acidic. However, clear apples are not easy to store. The apple should be eaten or processed shortly after harvesting, otherwise it will be floury and dry. It is also suitable for apple strudel and applesauce.
The white clear apple is known for its extremely early fruit ripeness. The clear apples can be harvested as early as mid to late July.
Put the apple tree correctly
Time required: 15 minutes.
Once you have decided on a strain, you can start to work. Depending on the variety, the planting can be different. If necessary, we will be happy to help you!
We prefer to put the apple tree in a sunny place. Although it also grows in the shade, significantly fewer fruits then grow on the tree.
The apple tree should not get waterlogged because it has many fine roots. In addition, the soil should be rather rich in humus and not very loamy.
Keep in mind that apple trees can get quite large. That is why it is important to have a lot of distance from the house and other trees.
- dig a hole
Dig a hole for the apple tree. It can be 1.5 times the size of the root ball.
- Compost earth
If the soil is low in nutrients, you can add some compost to the soil.
- Plant in the hole
Place the apple tree in the pre-made hole.
- Fill up
Fill in the remaining space around the tree with soil.
- Prop up tree
The apple tree needs support so that the freshly planted tree can take root and does not topple over in the next storm.
To do this, drive a wooden post close to the trunk, preferably on the west side. The stake should be driven in approximately below the crown.
- Fasten the tree to the wooden post
Secure the tree to the stake with a coconut rope, about four to eight centimeters below the tree canopy.
- Water, water, water
Water the tree sufficiently. (At least two watering cans of water) Make sure that the water cannot run off to the side.
The apple tree is set. Now it's up to nature until the first apples grow.
frequently asked Questions
There are countless varieties of apples. To make your choice easier, we have presented you with these 11 apple varieties: Elstar, Fuji, Gala, Golden Delicious, Gravensteiner, Styrian Maschanzker, Jonagold, Crown Prince Rudolf, red Boskoop, Topaz, white clear apple. In the end it depends on you, each variety has its own special features.
For small to medium-sized gardens, we recommend half-trunk apple trees. In the half-trunk, the treetop begins at a height of about 100 to 120 centimeters. However, the crown will become very large if it is not pruned back regularly. If there is very little space available, apple trees can possibly also grow on a trellis (scaffolding).
In the best case scenario, plant the apple tree between mid-October and late November or between mid-March and late April.
The best time to prune an apple tree is in early spring (January to early April). In short: so that nothing stands in the way of the tree's growth, cut back the side shoots and the tip by a maximum of half. Branches that are in the way of other branches should be cut off completely. More detailed article on the topic of apple tree pruning will follow soon.
That depends a lot on the apple variety and the age of the tree. For example, small varieties bear their first fruits after five years.
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