What are some smart escapes

: Self-amorous, critical and chronic approaches to the 1968 movement: reinvent life!

Wolfgang Kraushaar is the most loyal chronicler of the 1968 movement, one who is neither ecstatic at the memory of his youth, nor one of the numerous "renegades" who, where they once saw a new beginning, now only pretend to see the betrayal of democratic principles. Kraushaar spent the decisive years of that time in Frankfurt / Main. A book by him about "Fischer in Frankfurt" is exactly what the awake contemporary would like. Unfortunately, the book turned out a little different. It is a collection of essays, some of which have already been published and some of which have been presented here for the first time. The introductory essay already published in the "Frankfurter Rundschau" outlines Joschka Fischer's career under the title "From outsider to foreign minister". Kraushaar, who in addition to his exuberant knowledge of the archives, also has all the colors of memory at his disposal, provides a strangely pale picture of this most dazzling German politician. Kraushaar's excursions, for example to Max Weber's figure of the Jewish pariah, are like intelligent escapes from the object from which he can never detach, but which he also cannot approach. Elsewhere, he draws a parallelogram of forces of the leadership of the Frankfurt Spontis - Daniel Cohn -Bendit, Joschka Fischer, Matthias Beltz, Thomas Schmid - and ends with the sentence: "Whether this image of a power structure that was offered to the scene public was also valid internally, that is, in the corresponding shared apartments, must be doubted, however. " Here the self-chosen asceticism of the chronicler Kraushaar becomes clear. Anyone who only consults the published sources, only the public statements, must convey a wrong picture of 68. If Kraushaar claims that all important debates and decisions were made in lecture hall VI of Frankfurt University, then he denies what he knows better than anyone: that the real revolution took place in the shared apartments. At the plenary meetings - albeit after a series of preliminary talks in small circles - it may have been established where, when, against whom and with whom the demonstrations took place, but in the open intimacy of the student dormitories and shared apartments that lifestyle became a mix of rock, drugs and sexual promiscuity and violence mixed together, which was the real challenge of the existing conditions and thus the main attraction of the movement. He also had to pay homage to those who personally lived quite conventionally in long-term relationships of two or three times and at most had coughed two or three times while enjoying hash and wondered for years how one could throw cobblestones, since they only knew the specimens that weighed pounds formed the street in the villa suburb where her parents lived. Everyone who is interested in the history of the student movement must have read Ulrike Heider's "No Calm After the Storm". Heider starts exactly where Kraushaar refuses. She tells about herself, her friends and everyone else's story. Heider's book shows where the attempt to reveal the circumstances led. It is great because the author does not draw the obvious conclusion - it would have been better if the student movement hadn't existed - anyone who reads, as in the squatted houses, in student dormitories, the outlawing of violence served as an excuse, for example against Cowardly to retreat from the violence of rapists, how easily freedom turned into neglect, how the most delicate instincts were subjected to an enviously aggressive public, for example in relationship discussions at the communal level, you get an idea of ​​how parts of the generation of today's 45- to 60-year-olds theirs Spent youth ruined themselves. He may understand why some of them have become so weak in principle. Heider makes it clear how strong the pressure to adapt was, how violently everyday life was organized down to the most intimate. The claim to radically revolutionize conditions and create new individuals was not only, as people like to euphemistically say today, an "overburdening", but a project aimed at destroying individuals, what differentiated them from their surroundings, aimed. Ulrike Heider tells the Frankfurt stories of 1968 and at the same time tells how she meets German emigrants in New York while working on radical socialists of the 19th century. So the reader realizes that 68 was just another variant of the countless attempts to redesign the world and man. That the 68ers weren't the first to fail, that they had to experience that, on the run from what seemed to them to be the rigid saturation of their parents, they ended up right there in a stroke of luck. In the far too frequent accidents, however, they got involved in armed struggle, disappeared in a drug intoxication, ended in suicide or in a combination of all three. Ulrike Heider wrote the most beautiful book about 68. Not because she wrote it nicely, but because it is true. Ulrike Heider had the courage to stand in front of the mirror and look at her story without using a little blush here, a little kohl there, a mysterious shadow here, the contour pencil there. Sabine Stamer's Cohn-Bendit biography is nothing but make-up. She finds Cohn-Bendit intelligent, charming and fascinating. She is right. But that's not a biography yet. Nothing but that over almost 300 pages - that's boring. She should have taken a look at the "Legenda aurea" because she would have learned that the most beautiful saints are those that show that the saint began as a sinner, as a powerful sinner. Well, the chance is wasted. Ingrid Gilcher-Holtey's little introduction "The 68 Movement" is a must. The developments in Germany, Western Europe and the USA are presented in a tight space. Unfortunately there are no developments in Eastern Europe - Prague 68! - and the liberation movements of the Third World, above all the victorious and therefore so mobilizing Cuba. Gilcher-Holtey knows that it was not about reforms, but about revolutionizing everything and everyone. "Reinvent life!" was the central motto in all western metropolises. Raising awareness and the fight against the Vietnam War. The experience that the small can defeat the big, that the barricade from the museum of the 19th century is put back on the street, that needs can not only be manipulated but also revolutionized, that demonstrations create a feeling of "all people." will be brothers "and you can be deceived about yourself and your actions. All of this can be learned from Gilcher-Holtey, Ingrid Gilcher-Holtey, The '68 Movement - Germany, Western Europe. USA, 136 pages, paperback series, CH Beck Wissen, 14.80 marks, Ulrike Heider, no calm after the storm, 315 pages, 11 b / w illustrations, Rogner & Bernhard at two thousand and one, 33 marks Wolfgang Kraushaar, Fischer in Frankfurt , 256 pages, more than 60 b / w photos, Hamburg edition, 36 marks. Sabine Stamer, Cohn-Bendit, Die Biographie, 288 pages, 16 b / w photos, Europa-Verlag, 36.50 marks AUS: "1968 - AN AGE WILL BE VISITED "BY MICHAEL RUETZ, VERLAG ZWEITAUSENDEINS. That looks more like Carson McCuller's bitter" Ballad about the sad café "than after the joyful departure of new people into a new world. So a very realistic shot.