Some videos are left behind in Lightworks Why

LIGHTWORKS Hints & Tips

Transcript

1 LIGHTWORKS Hints & Tips A compilation of hints & tips published in the Lightworks forum Unofficial document adapted from posts by: SMPse, khaver, drkuli, Hammerhead, Cookiecutter, jwrl, pbhs, Max Besser, shaunthesheep, daylife, lysvallee, frandesouza and others. Done with Freeware and Open Source: Screenshots: PicPick (picpick.org) Pages layout: Inkscape (inkscape.org) PDF montage: PDF Split and Merge (pdfsam.org) Fran de Souza - Rivera, Uruguay German translation attempt by: Max Besser

2 Pay attention to the cursor display! Lightworks is not an application that can be clicked and moved anywhere. Carefully watch the icons displayed when you move the mouse over objects in the strip view. If this "double arrow" is displayed (with the mouse over the middle of a clip), it means that you can move the clip anywhere in your edit or delete it from the strip view by dragging it. If the mouse shows this "right open bracket" (above the left end of the clip), a left click ("unjoin") enables the beginning of the clip to be trimmed. If the mouse shows this "left open bracket" (above the right end of the clip), a left click ("unjoin") enables the end of the clip to be trimmed. If you move the mouse over a cut between two clips, this "double bracket" is displayed. A left click ("unjoin") then allows both clips to be trimmed at the same time. Note: This is not a trim guide. Just let me know that it is important to be aware of the different types of cursors, as a left click has different effects depending on where the cursor is located. You can also start trimming your clips in the same way by using the right / left arrows on the keyboard or the right / left keys on the console, by right-clicking and moving or pressing the console play button, etc. But watch exactly what happens in each case!

3 Create blank video Very useful if you want to insert images into an empty edit. In fact, this is the first step you need to take for this task. Right click on the "New Edit" tool in the toolbar and select: "Create video black (5 mins)". Add the clip to your edit like you would with a regular source. Import of image sequences If you want to insert a sequence of still images into your edit, do the following: Right click on the "Import" tool and set 'Detect image-sequences' to: "Yes". Lightworks recognizes the sequence when you select its first image during import. Full SD Frames This option is important for the export of your edit. This is the project card, the first window that is shown to you when you start a new project. If "Full SD Frames" is set to "No", your exported video will have narrow vertical black bars on the left and right. "Yes" allows the rendered video to fill the screen resolution of your project. The project card can be accessed at any time by clicking on the project name in the upper left corner of the Lightworks desktop.

4 Insert still images First make sure that you have enough space to insert the still image in the strip view. If not, create a "Blank Video" as described in "Create Blank Video" and then insert it. Open your still image in a viewer and mark the "In" point on the console. Place the marker (red diamond) in the edit where the playback of your image should start and mark "In". Move the marker to the point where you want the playback of the still image to end. Press "Alt + V". The picture is inserted between the "In" point and the current marker position. Note: The marker automatically jumps back to the marked "In" point in the edit. Delete all markings and repeat the process for all other images (you do not need to insert another blank video, unless you exceed the available space in the strip view).

5 Audio scrubbing For audio scrubbing, hold down the "SHIFT" key and move the timeline cursor at the same time. The marker color changes to cyan and retains that color as a result. To return to the original function and color, hold down the "ALT" key and click twice on the marker. Zooming the timeline Click on the "show timeline" icon at the top right of the source viewer. This will open the strip view and you will get a larger view of your markings. This is especially useful when you have longer clips. "Freeze" a frame Make the "Advanced" functions visible, place the timeline cursor in front of the frame from which you want to freeze the clip and press "Delete" (Cut). Do not move the timeline coursor any more! Now change the speed to 0%. The clip segment to the right of the cut now only contains the frozen frame. You can adjust the length of the clip at its end as desired.

6 Moving video & audio tracks together First enable "Drag in black" by clicking the cogsicon of the timeline and setting "Drag in black" to "enabled" in the "Timeline Commands" menu. 1. MOVE TO THE RIGHT You have this: You want this: Do the following: STEP 1: On 'Video 2' tracks V1, A1, A2: Hold the right mouse button and click the left button near the yellow arrow (at each track). STEP 2: Left click on each track in the black part near the yellow arrow. STEP 3: Use the mouse or keyboard to move the clip to the right, then press "Join". 2. MOVE TO THE LEFT You have this: You want this: Do the following: STEP 1: On 'Video 2' tracks V1, A1, A2: Hold the right mouse button and click the left button near the yellow arrow (at each track). STEP 2: Left click on each track in the black part near the yellow arrow. STEP 3: Use the mouse or keyboard to move the clip to the left, then press "Join".

7 Delete "blank video" To remove the "blank video" at the end of the edit before exporting your film, set an "In" point at the beginning of the blank video and an "Out" point at the end of the timeline and then press "Delete" ". If you do not delete the empty part, it will be included in your exported movie. The same thing happens here too. Highlight the section as shown and press "Delete". This process applies to anything that you want to remove from the timeline. Place the marks as needed and press "Delete". You don't necessarily have to add the markings directly above a cut; you can delete any part of the stripview in this way.

8 Make copies "on the fly" Make copies of everything at Light ... works (light) speed. Hold the SHIFT key and left or right click on your clip. Drag the clip to the desired location. Release the mouse button. Finished! It's an efficient function because you can do this with any object in the stripview: video, audio, transitions, and effects. You can also use this copying technique to copy a bunch of clips or part of the stripview at once. Highlight a section and follow the procedure. Note, however, that this is only possible with elements in the same track at the same time, even if all audio and video tracks are activated. Quick transitions To insert a transition between two clips without opening the effects window, right-click on a cut in the strip view. A menu opens with the possible transitions and options. If you do this between two audio clips, the menu shows the crossfade transition.

9 Basic audio editing Raising and lowering audio levels Before working with audio, you have to enable this function: Click the cogsicon in the upper right corner of the strip view and set "Show audio levels" to "Yes". The thin yellow line shows the audio level of the track. You can change the level as you wish by right-clicking on this line and moving the mouse up / down or with the mouse wheel. Insert a crossfade When you move the mouse over an audio clip, small gray triangles appear at the top of the two ends of the clip. Right click on a triangle and drag it to create a crossfade (to change the value later you have to find the place at the beginning of the effect where the mouse pointer becomes a double arrow).

10 Working with Audionodes Interpolation of the audio levels in the track First click on "Advanced" to display the audio options (make sure that you have set "Show audio levels" to "Yes", as described in the tip "Basic audio editing"). To add a node to the audio track, position the red marker at the point where the node is to be inserted and click on the "+" symbol as shown in the picture. Note that the nodes are only visible when you hover the mouse over the audio track. Otherwise they are invisible. Right click and drag changes audio level and node position. The additionally pressed SHIFT key protects the node position, the additionally pressed CTRL key protects the audio level from change. The mouse wheel can also be used to change the level values. To delete audio nodes, position the red marker over the node to be deleted. Once this has been done, the associated "-" symbol becomes active. You can click on it to delete the node.

11 Assigning Keys Being able to customize the keyboard is an extremely important consideration for video editors who cannot afford to waste time calling up menus or clicking lots of buttons. Even if you are not a professional, you can take advantage of this option with your own key assignments. Click on the fingerprint in the toolbar and then on the entry "Change / view key assignments". In the "Key assignments" window, scroll through the options until you find the command to which you want to assign a hotkey. 1. Select a command. 2. Click on "Assign Key". 3. In the "Choose Key" window, press the key that you want to use as a shortcut. 4. If "(Unassigned)" is displayed, click "Add key" Note: You can reassign keys that have already been used. However, this means that the previous command loses its key assignment and you have to recreate it. If you haven't used keyboard shortcuts before, you may feel "overwhelmed" at the beginning. However, once you have memorized the abbreviations and are familiar with them, the way you work will significantly improve as you will work faster and more intuitively. On the next page I'll show you some examples of useful key mappings to get you started.

12 Examples of Useful Hotkeys Simple Wipes, Dissolves, and Audio Crossfades I chose "d" for "Simple wipes and dissolves" and "f" for "Audio crossfades". When you press the buttons, these windows open at the position of the timeline cursor. As far as I know, the only way to open the windows using hotkeys. Audio mixer The audio mixer can be reached via the cogsicon of the edit window, but I choose "m" as the hotkey for it. The window does not open here at the mouse position. A few more commands that could be useful as hotkeys: "Zoom in", "Zoom out". "Left", "Right" (to navigate between cuts and markings). "Mark all" (marks the section from the red marker to the end of the strip view; very useful for deleting blank video at the end of the edit before exporting). Research for yourself what can be useful for your work process. Trim last out - Trim in - Trim out - Trim next in The picture above is our sample scene. The timeline marker is above "Video 2", which is our reference for this example. It means 1: "last out", 2: "in", 3 markers (only for reference), 4: "out", 5: "next in". There are 4 trim functions to which we can assign keys and which act on all selected tracks: "Trim last out" - "Trim in" - Trim out "-" Trim next in ". Assign hotkeys. I have" q "," w "," e "and" r ". If I press" q "in our example, it happens (Trim last out).

13 Scrubbing with the right mouse button To avoid an unintentional "unjoin", it is better to scrub with the right mouse button only. Certainly it takes a bit of getting used to, but I think it pays off. Use the mouse wheel "Zoom in" and "Zoom out". With the mouse over the zoom indicator, you can zoom the strip view with the mouse wheel as desired. Navigate between cuts and markings. If the mouse is over the timeline or the edit viewer, the timeline cursor jumps from one cut (a mark) to the next / previous one when the mouse wheel is operated. Select options. Change numerical values. If the mouse is over a drop-down menu, you can use the mouse wheel to scroll through the available options. If the mouse is over a numerical value, you can enlarge or reduce it with the mouse wheel.

14 "Inline effects" and "FX tracks" After clicking on the cogsicon in the effects window, you get an option "Allow inline effects" to choose from, which is very important for the type of application of the effect on the clip and its display in the timeline is. When set to "Yes", the applied effects are displayed as a small square in the upper left corner of the clip, one for each applied effect. If set to "No", each effect has its own track in the timeline. The thin, colored bar appears on all tracks affected by the effect. Switching from an inline effect to an FX track If you want an inline effect to have its own FX track, right click on the clip and select "Unfold". Switching from an FX track to an inline effect To turn an FX track into an inline effect, right click on the clip and select "Fold". Important: You can only convert an FX track into an inline effect with "Fold" if there is a matching clip underneath!

15 Assigning FX tracks quickly If you want to use an FX track for your effect without opening the menu for this option, do the following: 1. Set an "In" point at the beginning of the effect. 2. Position the marker at the end of the effect. 3. Open the effects window and select the effect you want to apply. The effect is positioned in its own track. Trimming FX tracks If you want to extend the effects of an effect on neighboring clips, you can trim it like a normal clip: 1. "Unjoin" the effect track at the beginning or end 2. Trimming with your favorite method 3. "Join" Your own effect presets You can save FX presets and FX chains for further applications (also in other projects). Click "Save" at the bottom of the Effects window. The "Save effect" window opens. Assign a name and select a category. Assign meaningful names, starting e.g. with their name, as their default is listed between all native effects. This will help you distinguish your effects from the other FX in the list. If you assign the name of an existing effect, it will be irrevocably overwritten! So be careful!

16 Creating an edit from bin contents A bin can be used as a kind of storyboard. Create a bin, select the "Tiles" view and set "Automatic positioning" to "No" in the cogs menu. Drag your clips into the new bin and arrange them the way you want them to play in the strip view. Open a viewer for each clip and mark the sections that you want to use in your edit. Click on the bin cogs icon and select "Make edit ..". You will be asked if you want to use the tile markers. Choose "Yes". You now have a new edit, with the clips in the order you selected in the bin and including all of the "In" and "Out" points you have set. You should now see a tile on your LW desktop that contains your edit. To check whether everything is OK, open the viewer and the strip view.