What are the rules of blackjack

Learn Black Jack: Rules & 5 Strategies for Victory

Black Jack is the most popular card game in casinos. While easy to learn, many players underestimate the complexity of the game and lose their stake. We explain the rules of Black Jack to you and show you which strategies you can use to be successful.

In a game of chance like blackjack, you can use math or trust your gut instinct. No matter what strategy you are building on, you definitely need to know the basics of the game.

What is blackjack?

What black jack is

Blackjack is the most widely played next to poker Card gambling in casinos. It is also known by the simple name "21". It is played with a classic deck of 52 cards in which there are four colors with 13 values ​​each. The colors and symbols of the cards are not relevant in blackjack. Only the values ​​of the cards count. Blackjack can be played alone against the dealer or with multiple players. In Blackjack, the player and the dealer communicate with hand movements.

The rules of the game of blackjack

The aim of the game is to get as close as possible to the with your dealt cards Worth 21 get. The values ​​of your cards are added up. You win the round if you have better cards than the dealer. Each player and the dealer start with two cards. Except for the dealer's second card, all cards are face up on the field. After each player has received their playing cards, they can individually decide their options (more on this later). Then the dealer shows his second card, which was previously hidden. If you have a higher total than the dealer with your cards and do not exceed 21, you win the game. Each player is checked individually to see whether he wins or loses against the dealer.

The role of the dealer

The dealer plays a special role in blackjack. While he tends to be passive in other card games, he is actively involved in blackjack. The difference between the dealer and the player is not just that the dealer is the bank. While the player can play at his own discretion at risk or safety, the dealer is bound by fixed rules and must act according to these.

When all players have made their options during the round, the dealer must reveal his second card. If the total of both cards is below 17, he must continue to move until it is at least 17. If he exceeds 21, the player wins.

The value of the cards

All cards from 2 to 10 have their respective face value. The jack, queen and king are each worth 10 points. The ace is worth either 1 or 11 points. The respective value is chosen in favor of the player.

example: If you have an 8 and an ace, the ace is worth 11 points and you have a total of 19 points. But you want to play at risk and hope for a 2 so that you have exactly 21 points. However, your new card is a 9. That does not mean that the total is now 28 and you are eliminated from the round. Since the value of the ace always varies in favor of the player, it changes to one and the total of your cards shrinks to 18.

Important blackjack vocabulary

In blackjack you will come across the same technical terms over and over again. You should know the following game-specific vocabulary.

Black jack“: The name of the game also stands for the best combination of cards. An ace and a 10 card add up to 21. This is blackjack. With this combination of cards you can no longer lose the game. You can only tie if the dealer also has blackjack.

A Black Jack only ever consists of two cards. A 21 out of a 5, a 6 and a queen is a very good result, but not blackjack. A 21 out of three or more cards loses in direct comparison to a blackjack.

Up card" and "Hole card“: Up-Card is the name of the dealer's first open card. The hole card denotes the face down card.

Push“: Push stands for a draw in Black Jack. So your cards and the dealer's cards have the same value. With a push you get your stake back, but you don't make a profit.

Bust“: The total of your cards is over 21. So you have lost.

Course of the game

Course of the game in Black Jack

Before the cards are dealt, all players place theirs desired use. Then the dealer in turn distributes the first cards, all of which are laid out face up. Then the dealer distributes the second round so that each player and also the dealer have two cards in front of them. However, the dealer's second card is face down.

When all players have their cards, they take turns drawing their options. Then the dealer reveals his second card. If the dealer's total of cards is less than 17, he must move on. Only when the total is 17 or more is it checked who wins and who loses from the players.

If you win against the dealer, you will get your stake back twice. If you get exactly 21 points with only two cards, your win is 3: 2.

Example for calculating profit

If you win with a stake of 10 euros with three cards, you will get your 10 euros back and an additional 10 euros. If you win with two cards that add up to exactly 21, you will get your 10 euros back and an additional 15 euros.

Player options

Your move can be made in different ways in Blackjack. We introduce you to different options:

was standing“: You are satisfied with your cards and pass it on to the next player. “Stand” is signaled with a swiping movement over your own cards.

hit“: You want to draw another card. To do this, briefly tap on the table. You can draw cards as many times in a row until you are as close to 21 as possible with the total. If your score goes over 21 on a hit, you have lost and the dealer collects your chips and cards.

Split“: If you have been dealt two of the same cards (a pair) such as two kings, you can split your cards. To signal a split to the dealer, spread your index and middle fingers over your cards. The dealer then separates your two cards and adds one more to each. For the new hand, however, you also have to make a new bet, because the hands play independently of each other. Depending on the casino, you can split your cards one more time, should it be a pair again.

Double Down ”: You have the option to double your bet before you draw another card. This is called “double down”. You put the same number of chips on your stake and signal your intention to the dealer. He will then give you an additional card. In a double down, you can only draw one card. Then your turn ends.

Surrender“: If you have a bad hand, you can reduce your losses by giving up. The round ends for you and you only lose half of your stake. The “surrender” option is not offered in every casino, so find out more beforehand.

Insurance Bet“: If the dealer's first card is an ace, you can take out insurance with him. For this you have to pay half of your starting stake again as a bet. If the dealer then has a blackjack, you win the “Insurance Bet” and receive the insurance winnings. This is always double your stake. If the dealer does not have blackjack, the round continues as usual and the wager from the insurance company goes to the bank.

If the dealer has a blackjack, you get your insurance bet back twice. In this case, however, you usually do not have any Black Jack and you lose the round. The starting stake, which is twice your stake, goes to the dealer. So you made neither a loss nor a profit.

Even money“: If you have blackjack and the dealer's first card is also an ace, he can offer you even money. Then you get your stake back twice and the round ends. With this you can prevent a possible draw, but at the same time you lose the 3: 2 win ratio of a successful Blackjack.

Blackjack strategies and tips

Blackjack strategies and tips

Blackjack is easy to understand, but it offers many possibilities because the game is complex. There are several strategies that can help you win.

Hit or Stand - A look at the blackjack table

Draw another card or would you prefer to pass? You will often ask yourself this question in blackjack. Focus and strategic thinking can help you: if your cards total 11 or lower, you should definitely draw another card. A bust can only occur if your cards are over 11 points.

Only if you have a total of at least 12 do you really have to consider drawing another card. The dealer's up card plays an important role in this. He has to get at least 17 with his cards. Because of this, the chance of the dealer busting increases if the up card has a low value, as he will likely have to draw multiple cards.

If the dealer's card shows a value of 2 or 3, you should only draw a card if your cards total 12 or less. If the dealer's up card is high, he will likely have a higher score too. So you have to take a bigger risk to win. If the dealer has a 7,8,9 or 10 card, you should draw when your card total is 16 or less. If the dealer has an ace, you draw if the card total is 17 or less.


H = hit, S = stand, empty = double down or hit

Even if you can work out your chances of winning using these methods, blackjack is still a game of chance. So courageous moves can also be worthwhile when the odds are bad.

The right time to double down

You should only double down if you have either a 9, a 10, or an 11. 11 is the optimal number of points for a double down, as you cannot get over 21 with an additional card and you can get to exactly 21 with a 10 card.

Double down on 9 or 10 is the same as on hit or stand. If the dealer's up card is 4,5 or 6, you can double down.

Splitting effectively

Split effectively

Just because you got a pair doesn't mean you have to split your cards right away. In general, there are two pairs where splitting is really worthwhile: two aces and two eights.

If you split two aces, you have a good chance of a blackjack or at least a high score. Splitting aces is so effective that not all casinos allow it. Splitting eight is also worthwhile. 16 is not a good number because the chance of busting is good. But if you split the two eights, you have a good chance of a high result like 18 or 19 on both hands.

Forego insurance bets and even money

The dealer is obliged to offer you an insurance bet or even money in certain situations. Although it is called "insurance" and is intended to "protect" the player from dealer blackjack, it is nothing more than one Side bet. If you win the Insurance Bet, you will get the insurance bet back twice - but you will likely lose your starting bet.

At first glance, it sounds like you can prevent a loss. In fact, in the long run, it is mainly the bank that wins. Because with this side bet you bet that the dealer has covered a 10-card. If this is not the case, you lose this bet and the game continues as normal. If you then also lose the round regularly, your loss is one and a half times as large as your actual stake.

The same goes for even money. It is true that with even money you win with a 2: 1 ratio instead of receiving no profit with a push. But you also lose the chance of a 3-2 win with a Blackjack if the dealer does not have 21.

In the end, insurance bet and even money are not profitable for the player in the long run. The odds of winning are compared to that significant risk of loss too low.

Learn and play blackjack online

To really get familiar with the rules of blackjack, you can practice online against the computer or other players. It works for free and you can start right away. This way you get to know the rhythm and be better prepared when you finally sit down at a casino table to play blackjack.

Blackjack is one of the most popular games of chance in the world for a reason. While easy to learn, it is still a game with many possibilities, where you can be strategic or trust your gut instinct.

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