What do elephants eat

Our elephant profile: Find out everything about habitat and food

The elephant, which lives in a habitat consisting of grasslands and dry, deciduous to semi-evergreen forests, feeds exclusively on plants. Up to 150 kg of plants eat elephants a day and are therefore also known as giant herbivores. They prefer to eat branches, roots, tree bark and various types of grass, depending on the season and the associated climatic conditions. This also includes palm and sour grass plants, as well as mallow-like plant species and those species from the legume orders.

Elephants are classified into three types, the steppe elephant, the forest elephant and the Asian elephant. Our little friend Dickie belongs to the genus indian elephant, a subspecies of the Asian elephant. They live on the Asian continent and inhabit regions from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Thailand & Myanmar and are spread as far as areas around Vietnam and China.

However, the elephant population has declined sharply within the last three generations and has decreased by about half. Its greatest threat represent losses of its habitat due to increasing human settlements, increasing poaching and the booming tourism industry, such as the sale of ivory. Accordingly, the elephant has been classified by the IUCN as endangered and it is continuously tried by the protection organizations by some Elephant Conservation Programs to secure the natural habitat of the elephant.