Is tree bark edible
Survival: Edible trees and other useful tree species
Imagine you're in a huge hardware store because you want to build a garden shed. All around you hang and lie boards, nails, saws, hammers, roofing felt, sealing material, in short, all the raw materials and tools you need for the hut. In addition, the search made you hungry - luckily there is a snack in front of the hardware store.
The problem: You forgot your wallet, neither cash nor card with you. So no matter how extensive the hardware store is or how many sausages are waiting for you - you cannot use all of this because you are missing something crucial.
It is the same with you when you are in the forest and what you lack is knowledge of the plants in the forest. Raw materials, tools and food are available to you, but only if you know what to look for.
We have selected 5 trees that you should look out for in the forest for various reasons - because knowing their properties can be extremely beneficial in a survival situation.
The birch - survival: Edible trees and other useful tree species
No matter how well or poorly you are already familiar with plant identification - everyone can easily recognize a birch. The unmistakable white bark is not only used for recognition, it will also be useful if you want to start a fire.
Birch bark has two major advantages: it is easy to remove from the trunk over a large area, and it contains highly flammable oils. Even if it has rained and the bark is damp, it's relatively easy to ignite. For this you prepare two forms of bark.
As an initial tinder, i.e. tinder to absorb a spark, you remove the small paper-like threads that can be found on the surface of the birch. After you have gathered enough threads, you take them between your hands and form them into a ball by rubbing them. You have a quickly flammable tinder nest.
You can detach the thick, firm bark from the trunk by making a square cut with a knife and then simply peeling off the bark. You use this bark as a second tinder to get the first branches to burn. Folded up and stuck in a split branch, the firm bark can also be used as an emergency torch.
Please make sure that you only remove the bark from fallen birch trees if possible.
The spruce - survival: Edible trees and other useful tree species
The spruce is also useful for making a fire - the wood burns quickly, but the burning time is only short. Thin spruce branches are therefore well suited as intermediate material to ignite the large hardwood branches.
Above all, the spruce is ideal for setting up your camp. Its branches are often noticeably straight, and it has few branches. Although the wood of the spruce is soft, the trunks and branches are stable enough to form the base of a place to sleep, for example. The spruce is also often used to build the drilling board for a fire drill.
Finally, you can use the shoot tips, but also the fully grown needles, to make yourself a delicious tea. Spruce needle tea contains vitamin C and has a calming effect on the airways.
The maple survival: Edible trees and other useful tree species
In spring you can use the maple as a source of food. The young leaves as well as the shoots and inflorescences are edible. Above all, it is important that you can consume this emergency food raw.
For example, if you want to bake a fish, the large maple leaves are great for wrapping. It is best to have a look at our video on the survival oven.
The yew - survival: Edible trees and other useful tree species
Looks a bit like a spruce, but you shouldn't make a tea from it: the yew tree is highly toxic. This applies to the bark, the needles and the red seeds.
Therefore: keep your eyes open and hands away from the yew tree!
The pine survival: Edible trees and other useful tree species
The long, light green shoots of the pine are ideal as emergency food. Simply remove the needles from the shoot that have already become too hard by stripping them against the direction of growth. You can then eat the shoot raw like a vegetable.
As with the spruce, you can make a tea from the needles and shoots of the pine. Pine tea has a calming effect on the bladder and kidneys - and also has a refreshing taste.
Do you feel like doing something yourself? You can try everything out in our practical courses.
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