Is FDI an indirect form of slavery?


Cord Jakobeit

To person

Dr. rer. pol., MPA (Harvard University), born 1958; Professor of Political Science with a focus on international politics, Department of Social Sciences, University of Hamburg, Allende-Platz 1, 20146 Hamburg.
Email: [email protected]

The commitment to personal responsibility of the African heads of state and government can be seen as the central element of NEPAD. The leaders accept goals such as transparency, accountability, the rule of law and the importance of adhering to the central criteria of good governance. The article describes the "New Partnership for Africa's Development" (NEPAD) founded in 2001 for the economic and political development of the continent.

Extract from:
From politics and contemporary history (APuZ 32-33 / 2006) - Five years of NEPAD


The "New Partnership for Africa's Development" (NEPAD) was launched on October 23, 2001 by 15 African heads of state and government in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria. [1] With this reform initiative, to which all 53 states of the African Union (AU) now belong, [2] "a paradigm shift" [3] has also been carried out in Africa. Instead of denouncing the western states with accusations of slavery and the colonial exploitation of past centuries, as was the case in the 1980s, in order to derive demands for debt relief and significant increases in development aid and technology transfers, NEPAD stands for the first African economic strategy document that the The West’s problem diagnosis for Africa’s misery. The commitment to personal responsibility of the African heads of state and government can be seen as the central element of NEPAD. The leaders accept goals such as transparency, accountability, the rule of law, the strengthening of autonomous institutions, greater involvement in international economic relations, the priority of poverty reduction, the need for peace-building and peace-keeping and conflict prevention measures, and the importance of adhering to the central criteria of good governance . [4] In terms of terminology and intention, NEPAD is committed to the development policy discourse on Africa, as it has dominated the international financial institutions and the donor community since the end of the East-West confrontation. [5]

The origins of NEPAD go back to the then South African Vice President Thabo Mbeki, who, as the designated successor to Nelson Mandela, was looking for his own vision for the future of his country and that of the continent in the mid-1990s. He found this vision in the key concept of the "African renaissance", which he has persistently placed at the center of his speeches and official statements since 1996. [6] In terms of foreign policy, Mbeki, as President of South Africa, began looking for allies and supporters of his renewal program since mid-1999. Thabo Mbeki started with four other "heavyweights" in African politics - first with the presidents of Nigeria (Olusegun Obasanjo) and Algeria (Abdelasis Bouteflika), then also with support from Egypt (Hosni Mubarak) and Senegal (Abdoulaye Wade) 2001 the first draft of a strategy document for the further development of the continent, the "Millennium African Renaissance Program" (MAP). After intensive consultations and the integration of further draft programs, the African reform initiative NEPAD emerged in October 2001, which is based on a founding document and now has a secretariat with 130 employees in South Africa.

With his efforts for an inner-African program for the renewal of the continent, Mbeki met with open ears at the summit of the eight important industrialized countries (G8) in Japan in 2000. The high number of internal conflicts, the HIV / AIDS pandemic, increasing numbers of refugees, state collapse and collapse, the increase in mass poverty and the unmistakable decoupling of the continent from the dynamic globalization processes of the world economy had not escaped the heads of state and government in western countries. After the merging of the various African draft programs began to emerge, the G8 summit in Genoa in 2001 decided to appoint Africa representatives, who presented a G8 Africa action plan to the G8 summit in Canada the following year. This action plan took up the issues of NEPAD, but made support from the G8 states indirectly dependent on the acceptance of stronger mechanisms of monitoring and self-regulation. The "African Peer Review Mechanism" (APRM) [7], which was adopted as part of NEPAD in 2003, has since been considered the most innovative component of the African reform initiative, even if the adoption of this "African government TÜV" [8] does not go smoothly the stage went. Numerous states of the African Union (AU), which succeeded the Organization for African Unity (OAU) in 2002, protested against this further form of indirect conditionality by Western donors. The compromise was ultimately that NEPAD was officially declared an AU initiative, but that participation in the reviews by other members (peer reviews) should take place on a voluntary basis.

Nonetheless, the G8 countries continued the dialogue and support for NEPAD. For example, the G8 summit in France in 2003 passed an initiative to develop Africa's capabilities for conflict prevention and management, including by promoting capacity building and training and education facilities for African peacekeepers. The G8 summit in Scotland in 2005 again focused on the problems of the continent and repeated the commitment to achieving the Millennium Development Goals in order to halve poverty in Africa by 2015. NEPAD has undoubtedly contributed to sharpening interest and awareness for the (mis) developments in Africa and at the same time opening up new perspectives.