Obsessive-compulsive disorder is real

How does obsessive-compulsive disorder develop?

Two causes can be identified in the development of an obsessive-compulsive disorder: the genetics and the learning history of a person affected. The genetics make up about 30% of the causes, whereas the learning history is responsible for the remaining 70% of the causes. This means that in a patient affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder, both causes almost always come into play, ie a mixture of “genetic disposition”, ie the genetic makeup that a person carries from birth, and the development of learning history, ie education, early childhood development , Adventures.

The genetics can be scientifically proven, among other things, by a familial accumulation of OCD and studies with identical twins growing up separately. It is also assumed in science that affected people with obsessive-compulsive disorder, in addition to the genetics shown, also develop these due to several causes of learning history, not just a single event. Compulsions are usually due to several and different causes.

Some people can relatively clearly identify a single cause of their obsessive-compulsive disorder and attribute it to obsessive-compulsive thoughts. No matter how comprehensible these obsessive thoughts may be (e.g. "I started to wash out of disgust after I was raped.", "I'm afraid that something bad will happen if I don't control everything very carefully"), other people react in similar situations but very differently on the thoughts. This means that there must be other causes as well. It is now necessary to find out these causes.

Within the early learning history in childhood and adolescence, different problem areas can be responsible for the development of OCD. Forms of upbringing, such as extreme toilet training, have already been named by Sigmund Freud as jointly responsible for obsessive-compulsive disorder in a certain development phase. High performance standards, strong overprotection of the child and the example of ritualized and rigid processes are further styles of upbringing that can promote the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Education thus has a great influence on people's experiences, thoughts and actions. But experiencing terrible situations throughout your life can also have a significant impact.

Traumas are experiences outside of our experience and often imagination. They make people deeply insecure and cause existential fear. Losses such as the death of a loved one or animal, stress and interpersonal conflicts can also be relevant triggers for compulsions and the associated thoughts. A lack of self-worth and overly strong moral and ethical ideas can create compulsions. Moral values ​​can express themselves, for example, in religiosity but also in other views. What they have in common here are very rigid norms and ideas that leave the person concerned little room for maneuver in their thoughts and actions. Conversely, flexibility can be said to be the enemy of OCD.