Are there SAT reading techniques

Reading Techniques Dr. Z. Shi Wiss. Work

Transcript

1 Reading Techniques Dr. Z. Shi Wiss. Work

2 Tree of Knowledge 1. Preparation 1. Determine reading goal 2. Get an overview 3. Questions 4. Plan 2. Actual reading 1. Cursory reading 2. Selective reading 3. Study reading PQ4R 3. Working with the text 1. Summary 2. Underline 3. Marginal notes 4. Excerpt 5. Visualization

3 The good people don't know the time and effort it takes to learn to read. It took me eighty years to do this and I still can't say that I have reached my goal! Johann Wolfgang Goethe

4 Test yourself 1. How well do you understand what you are reading? 2. How well can you remember what you read? 3. What are your strengths in reading? 4. What would you change in your reading habits? 5. What strategies do you use?

5 Effective reading consists of 3 essential steps. 1. Preparation 2. The actual reading 3. Record what you have read

6 1. Preparation

7 1. Determine reading goal 1. Preparation What do I want to achieve by reading the information? New ideas Exam preparation Presentation Do I have to read the entire text? Only a certain section and which one? Just important details? à The type of reading depends on it and how you record what you have read!

8 2. Get an overview 1. Preparation information about the author Year of publication Foreword, abstract, introduction, appendix, discussion

9 Example

10 3. Questions to ask 1. Preparation Do I know something about the material? What do I not know yet? In what context have I heard of it? Which definitions, terms, technical terms are used? What relevance does the topic have for me?

11 1. Preparation 4. Planning 1. Estimating the workload How much time do I have? Difficulty of the text? How much time will i need? Create a schedule, including breaks and repetitions 2. Assess possible difficulties in word processing Obstacles (noise, difficulty concentrating, lack of time, etc.) Special difficulties in the text (foreign language, technical language) à Create a suitable framework 3. Plan learning activities Determine the number of reading passes Reading breaks Repetition Understanding check

12 II. The actual reading

13 II. Reading as such Reading types 1. Cursory reading 2. Selective reading 3. Study reading

14 1. Reading using cursors II. Reading actually Skimming the text for an overview and orientation Is the text written so that I can understand it? Is it interesting and useful for me?

15 2. Selective reading II. The actual reading Concentration on interesting aspects Questions before reading What do I already know? What am I looking for exactly? Questions while reading What is the text about? Does it match the search criteria? What does the text say about what you are looking for? What is the intention of the text?

16 3. Reading as a student II. Reading as such Systematic and in-depth analysis à PQ4R method

17 PQ4R method Preview Question Read Reflect Recite Review

18 PQ4R: 1. Preview 1. Skim through all chapters to understand the general topic. 2. Identify the sections to be read as a unit. 3. Find headings for the individual sections.

19 PQ4R: 2. Questions 1. Formulating questions about the sections. 2. Often, rephrasing the section headings is enough to ask an appropriate question.

20 PQ4R: 3. Read 1. Read the section carefully, trying to answer the questions you asked about it. 2. Important passages of text should be marked and key words noted.

21 PQ4R: 4. Reflect While reading the text you have to: Think actively about it Try to internalize the information Find examples Relate the text to your own prior knowledge.

22 PQ4R: 5. Recite 1. After you have finished editing a section, you try to remember the information it contains. 2. Try to answer the questions you asked about this section.

23 PQ4R: 6. Review 1. After you have worked through the whole text / chapter / article, you go through it again in your mind and call up the most important points. 2. You try again to answer the questions you asked.

24 PQ4R: Summary Phase Name Description 1 Preview 2 Questions 3 Read Cross-reading, overview of headings and sections. Questions about sections, rewording of section headings. Read, answer questions, write down new questions. 4 Reflect thought analysis, consider examples. 5 Recite Answer the questions without text. 6 Review Repeat central points of view

25 III. Handling the text

26 1. Summary III. Dealing with the text 2. Underlining 3. Marginal notes and marking symbols 4. Excerpting 5. Visualization

27 1. Summary III. Dealing with the text makes sense because: 1. Active form of text acquisition. 2. You are forced to work closely on the text. 3. A compressed knowledge repository is created that can be accessed.

28 2. Underline III. Dealing with the text 1. Important keywords and passages in the text 2. Little time-consuming, can be carried out anywhere 3. Underline only on the second pass 4. Different colors for definitions, examples, etc. 5. Always use the same marking system

29 III. Dealing with the text 3. Marginal notes & marking symbols 1. The content of the text is linked to your own knowledge. The reader adds something to the text that is not explicitly there. 2. Elaboration promotes the retention of recorded information 3. Systematic approach 4. Always use the same system!

30

31 4. Excerpting III. Dealing with the text, Latin excerpere = to take out: reproduction of extracts from the text. Recommended 1. Index cards 2. Note the location and signature of the publication 3. Formulate briefly, but in such a way that the conceptual context can be understood later 4. Wide margin for additions and comments 5. Images / graphic representations Not recommended 1. Read notes write loose sheets 2. Too tight

32 III. Handling the text 5. Visualization in semantic networks Why is that useful? Requires a thorough examination of the text Allows time-saving repetition Is fun and promotes motivation

33 5. Visualization III. Dealing with the text Mind maps The basic idea or initial question is written in the middle of a sheet of paper. All thoughts that come to mind on the topic are written on lines that branch off from the middle and are further branched out

34 5. Visualization III. Dealing with the text Advantages of mind maps The main idea is clearly emphasized. Connections between terms become clear. More effective repetition technique. New information can easily be inserted

35 III. Handling the text Mind-Map Software Mindjet (Windows, Mac, ios) chargeable Xmind (Windows, Mac, Linux) chargeable Coggle (Webapp) free Freemind (Windows, Mac, Linux) free MindNode (Mac, ios) chargeable

36 Freemind

37 Notetaking Software Evernote

38 Markdown & Notetaking Plain text (easy portable / convertible) Readability is emphasized above all else Keep formats as simple as possible # Header 1 ## sub header 2 * item 1 ** Bold **, _Italic_ Markdown / Multimarkdown are implemented in many websites Wordpress (blog) Github (code repositories)

39 Questions 1. What are the steps involved in effective reading? a) Preparation b) The actual reading c) Record what has been read d) Follow-up 2. What does PQ4R stand for? a) Preview, Question, Read, Reflect, Recite, Review b) Preview, Question, Read, Repeat, Review, Remind c) Provoke, Question, Respond, Remark, Repeat, Remind 3. Working actively with a text requires: a ) Summarize, underline b) Marginal notes, visualization c) Excerpt d) Read through quickly