The most common type of honeybees is
The honey bee
It supplies us with honey and wax, pollinates our crops and is the epitome of hard work - the honeybee. The performance of the bees amaze us again and again. Honey bees are a social insect. They live together in large peoples that function almost like an organism of their own. Follow us into the fascinating world of bees and get to know their behavior better!
The interactive animation "honey bee" offers the pupils a comprehensive insight into the life around a beehive. You can learn interesting facts about the hard-working insects in a vivid and humorous way.
How honeybee interactivity works
The worker is by far the most common type of bee in the hive.
- Reproduction and division of labor
- Man and bee
- Temperature control in the beehive
With a click of the mouse you get to the submenus, which offer funny animations, extensive image material and exciting info texts on the subject of honey bees! You can return to the main menu at any time using the beehive button. Use the arrow symbol to go back to the previous scene.
A bar with helpful tips can be expanded or collapsed using the green info button.
1. Reproduction and division of labor
If you click on the busily sweeping bee, you get to the submenu "Reproduction and division of labor". There you are greeted by three different bees: a worker, the queen and a drone.
From about the fourth day onwards, the young worker bee takes care of the brood.
Bees are social insects that live in a state. The bee state is made up of three different bees - the queen as head, the male drones and the workers. Most of the tasks in the hive are carried out by the vast majority of workers.
To find out more about the life of worker bees, click on the worker. In addition to a detailed, illustrated info text, you get an interactive bar chart in which the phases of life are prepared. If you click on these bars, animations start that illustrate the respective phase of the worker bee's life in a clear and funny way.
The following work phases are shown: hatching, feeding the larvae, feeding the conspecifics, honeycomb construction as an indoor service, feed removal, guard, field service and death.
A queen was marked by the beekeeper. It is noticeably larger than the workers.
Clicking on the queen bee leads to information text and images. Here you can find out more about the "boss of the bee state": Among other things, that she is the only fertile female in the hive to ensure the continued existence and reproduction of the colony. From spring to late summer, it lays around 1500 eggs a day. During this time she is cared for by the workers, with whom she communicates chemically via pheromones.
There is also valuable information hidden behind the comic drone! If you click on the figure, you can find out, for example, that the male bees arise from unfertilized eggs. The only task in the life of the drones is to fertilize queens. Anatomically, the male bees differ from the worker bees in their large eyes and the lack of a sting. Their sense of smell is particularly sensitive to the pheromones of the young queens.
2. Man and bee
Allergy sufferers need to be careful when consuming pollen.
If you click on the bucket with golden yellow honey, you get to another selection menu. Here you can find out more about the bees' products in the form of detailed informational texts, images and short knowledge films. Because the sweet honey is not the only thing we get from the bees!
The bees mainly collect nectar, the basis of honey, on the flowers of the flowers. But pollen is also an indispensable source of food for bees because it contains a lot of protein. Without pollen, the bees would not be able to raise their larvae. The high protein content of the pollen also makes it valuable for human nutrition. It also contains fats, vitamins and minerals.
Some people have an allergic reaction to bee venom, and they can get a dangerous shock. For most people, the poison is harmless, even if it hurts a lot. In medicine, the poison is used in low doses to treat pain, for example rheumatism or nerve diseases.
Honeycomb cells bulging with honey from which the wax lid has been removed.
The medicinal effects of royal jelly in humans are quite controversial. Regular intake of this substance is said to have a positive effect on blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and it is said to have a cancer-inhibiting effect. On the other hand, its high vitamin and mineral content is undisputed.
The sweet honey is the best known and most popular product made by bees. Honey has been used by humans for thousands of years as a sweetener or spread and even as a remedy.
Propolis consists largely of vegetable resins.
For the production of propolis, the bees collect resin from certain tree species, to which secretions from the salivary glands, beeswax and other substances are added. Propolis is used medically for respiratory diseases. Externally, it can also be used to treat wounds.
Besides honey, beeswax is the best-known product we use by bees. They use wax primarily as an ideal building material for the honeycombs in which honey and pollen are stored or the brood is raised.
3. Temperature control in the beehive
Empty cells are scattered between the brood cells, which are occupied by so-called "heater bees" in cool weather. Outwardly completely inactive, in reality they are running at full speed.
If you want to know something worth knowing about the temperature control in the beehive, you have to click on the large beehive in the background.
The temperature in the beehive is very precisely regulated. The sensitive bee larvae, in particular, like it neither too hot nor too cold during their development. In this phase you need an ambient temperature of around 35 degrees Celsius. With amazing tricks, the bees manage to keep this value in the hive amazingly constant.
You can try it out for yourself: To do this, you have to move the regulator on the thermometer to the cool or warm area. How do you think the bees will react? You can experience that in two original animations!
To prevent the spread of germs, the bees distribute a layer of propolis throughout the hive area. This substance has an antibacterial effect.
To get information about the defense of the bee colony, you have to click on the bee standing at attention, armed with a spear.
Although bees are very defensive animals, they too have a number of enemies. This includes predators, but also pathogens that can spread in the beehive. The bees know how to defend themselves with very different strategies.
The submenu of the topic "Defense" is divided into four areas, which are symbolized by the four danger traffic signs: attack by a hornet, attack by a mouse, defense against germs and humans as the enemy. If you click on the signs, you can watch funny animations and also receive illustrated information texts.
5. Bees in danger
Pesticides make the bees disoriented
The section “Bees in danger” introduces us to the three greatest threats to bees. In addition to the varroa mite, the bee's worst parasite, pesticides and the loss of natural habitat also make life difficult for bees.
In addition to our honey bees, many wild bees are also endangered. The pesticides hit them just like our house bees. They suffer even more than their relatives from ever more intensive agriculture, as they are heavily dependent on nectar-rich wildflowers.
Bees feel at home in near-natural gardens
Garden owners can do a lot for our bees by planting native flowers and not using chemical weed killers.
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